Canon

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Canon, headquartered in Tokyo, is a Japanese company that specializes in imaging and optical products, including cameras, photocopiers and computer printers. Its current name is Canon Inc. (キヤノン株式会社).


Contents

History

The company was founded in 1933 with the name Seiki Kōgaku Kenkyūjo (精機光学研究所, or Precision Optical Instruments Laboratory) by the co-founder Yoshida Gorō (吉田五郎)[1] from Hiroshima and his brother-in-law Uchida Saburō (内田三郎)[1], funded by Mitarai Takeshi (御手洗毅)[1], a close friend of Uchida. Its original purpose was to research into the development of quality cameras. Therefore Yoshida Gorō disassembled an original Leica II and studied it mindfully. In June 1934 they released their first camera, the Kwanon (pronounced kannon), named after the Buddhist bodhisattva of mercy of the same name (観音, カンオン; in Chinese Guān Yīn). Later it became the "Hansa Canon", the company's first commercial camera. The following year the camera's name was changed to the less overtly religious Canon (キャノン, pronounced kyanon). The company changed its name to Canon Camera in 1947, and to Canon in 1969.

The company's earliest cameras derived much from the design of the Leica threadmount rangefinder cameras; concerns about patents, as well as ignorance of the precise specification of the Leica thread mount, kept these earliest Canon cameras distinctive. Copies only came after the war, but Seiki Kōgaku swiftly equipped postwar Canon bodies with a combined viewfinder / rangefinder with three-way switchable magnification (50mm, 100mm, and rangefinder only). Other innovations followed.

Seiki Kōgaku at first did not have its own optical factory, so it used lenses made by Nikon, but it soon started to make its own lenses under the Serenar brand (later renamed Canon). These lenses remain popular even now by users of rangefinder cameras from Canon, Leitz, and so forth. The Serenar 50mm f1.8 of 1951 was an early highlight of that brand.

In 1959 The company introduced the Canonflex SLR system. Next big steps in the SLR field were the Canon F-1 of 1971, the Canon EF with automatic exposure based on the shutter priority principle, and the first computerized SLR Canon AE-1 of 1976. In 1986 Canon was the second after Sony introducing a completely electronic still camera without film, the Canon RC-701, which was based on video technology and also the first of these cameras with interchangeable lenses.

In 1996 Canon became the benchmark for the new but not very successful film market standard APS by introducing its high quality Canon IXUS camera series. In 2000 it launched its first amateur DSLR Canon EOS D30. Canon's APS SLRs as well as its DSLRs continued to have the Canon EF-mount so that older Canon autofocus lenses are applicable with the newer cameras. Canon started to make its own CMOS image sensors.

note

  1. The name is given in the Japanese order, with family name followed by the given name.


Digital

system cameras

DSLR

CSC

Fixed Lens

IXUS / ELPH / IXY

Digital IXUS
Europe worldwide
Digital ELPH
USA
Digital IXY
Japan
Digital IXUS S100 Digital IXY
II SD100 30
IIs SD110 30a
30 SD200 40
40 SD300 50
50 SD400 55
55 SD450 60
60 SD600 70
65 SD630 80
70 SD1000 10
75 SD750 90
105 SD1300 IS 200F
130 SD1400 IS 400F
132 115 IS 90F
140 130 110F
145 135 120
150 140 IS
155 150 IS 140
210 SD3500 IS 19S
300 S300 300
330 S330 300a
400 S400 400
430 S410 450
500 S500 500
700 SD500 600
750 SD550 700
115 HS 100 HS 210F
125 HS 110 HS 220F
220 HS 300 HS 410F
230 HS 310 HS 600F
240 HS 320 HS 420F
245 HS N / A 430F
255 HS 330 HS 610F
265 HS 340 HS 630
300 HS SD4000 IS 30S
310 HS 500 HS 31S / 32S
500 HS 520 HS 3
510 HS 530 HS 1
1000 HS SD4500 IS 50S
1100 HS 510 HS 51S
80 IS SD110 IS 20 IS
85 IS SD770 IS 25 IS
90 IS SD790 95 IS
95 IS SD1200 IS 110 IS
100 IS SD780 IS 210 IS
110 IS SD960 IS 510 IS
120 IS SD940 IS 220 IS
200 IS SD980 IS 930 IS
800 IS SD700 IS 800 IS
850 IS SD800 IS 900 IS
860 IS SD870 IS 910 IS
870 IS SD880 IS 920 IS
900 Ti SD900 1000
950 IS SD850 IS 810 IS
960 IS SD950 IS 2000 IS
970 IS SD890 IS 820 IS
980 IS SD990 IS 3000 IS
990 IS SD970 IS 830 IS
i SD10 L
i5 SD20 IS L2
i zoom SD30 L3
i7 SD40 L4
V S110 200
V2 S200 200a
V3 S230 320
Wireless SD430 Wireless


-

PowerShot series

  • Canon PowerShot 100
  • Canon PowerShot 30 & 30T (PC card camera)
  • Canon PowerShot 350 (1997)
  • Canon PowerShot 600 (1996)
  • Canon PowerShot 600N (1996)
  • Canon PowerShot D10 (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot D20 (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot D30 (2014)
  • Canon PowerShot E1 (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot TX1 (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot N (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot N2 (2014)
  • Canon PowerShot N100 (2014)

A series

  • Canon PowerShot A5 (1998)
  • Canon PowerShot A5 Zoom (1998)
  • Canon PowerShot A10 (2001)
  • Canon PowerShot A20 (2001)
  • Canon PowerShot A40 (2002)
  • Canon PowerShot A50 (1999)
  • Canon PowerShot A60 (2003)
  • Canon PowerShot A70 (2003)
  • Canon PowerShot A75 (2004)
  • Canon PowerShot A80 (2003)
  • Canon PowerShot A85 (2004)
  • Canon PowerShot A95 (2004)
  • Canon PowerShot A100 (2002)
  • Canon PowerShot A200 (2002)
  • Canon PowerShot A300 (2003)
  • Canon PowerShot A310 (2004)
  • Canon PowerShot A400 (2004)
  • Canon PowerShot A410 (2005)
  • Canon PowerShot A450 (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A460 (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A470 (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot A480 (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot A490 (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot A495 (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot A510 (2005)
  • Canon PowerShot A520 (2005)
  • Canon PowerShot A530 (2006)
  • Canon PowerShot A540 (2006)
  • Canon PowerShot A550 (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A560 (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A570 IS (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A580 (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot A590 IS (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot A610 (2005)
  • Canon PowerShot A620 (2005)
  • Canon PowerShot A630 (2006)
  • Canon PowerShot A640 (2006)
  • Canon PowerShot A650 IS (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A700 (2006)
  • Canon PowerShot A710 IS (2006)
  • Canon PowerShot A720 IS (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot A800 (2011)
  • Canon PowerShot A810 (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot A1000 IS (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot A1100 IS (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot A1200 (2011)
  • Canon PowerShot A1300 (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot A1400 (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot A2000 IS (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot A2100 (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot A2200 (2011)
  • Canon PowerShot A2300 (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot A2400 IS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot A2600 IS (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot A3000 IS (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot A3100 IS (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot A3200 IS (2011)
  • Canon PowerShot A3300 IS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot A3500 IS (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot A4000 IS (2012)

G series

Pro series

S series

SX series

  • Canon PowerShot SX1 IS (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot SX10 IS (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot SX20 IS (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot SX30 IS (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot SX40 HS (2011)
  • Canon PowerShot SX50 HS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot SX60 HS (2014)
  • Canon PowerShot SX100 IS (2007)
  • Canon PowerShot SX110 IS (2008)
  • Canon PowerShot SX120 IS (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot SX130 IS (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot SX150 IS (2011)
  • Canon PowerShot SX160 IS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot SX170 IS (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot SX200 IS (2009)
  • Canon PowerShot SX210 IS (2010)
  • Canon PowerShot SX240 HS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot SX260 HS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot SX270 HS (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot SX280 HS (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot SX400 IS (2014)
  • Canon PowerShot SX500 IS (2012)
  • Canon PowerShot SX510 IS (2013)
  • Canon PowerShot SX520 HS (2014)
  • Canon PowerShot SX600 HS (2014)
  • Canon PowerShot SX700 HS (2014)


  • Canon CE300 (PC Card camera)

Still Video Camera

SV mount

Fixed lens

35mm SLR

Fixed lens

R Mount (1959-1963)

FL Mount (1964-1969)

FD Mount (1970-1990)


A series


T series

EF Mount (Auto Focus)

Canon's EF mount is the widest throat lens mount for modern 35mm-format SLR cameras (film or digital). The distance from flange to film is also quite small, which makes it one of the most adaptable: though AF functions do not work, many users have adapted their EOS bodies to use lenses from Nikon, Contax, Leica, Pentax, and others.

The cameras models listed below are using the European worldwide model numbers. The American and Japanese market model names if different are listed beside it. Region equivalent models sometimes contains different features. Japanese variations cameras usually has the most features with many having flash, QD Quartz Date, eye control and panorama functions as standard. American and Europe world wide models often have models with or without; flash, QD and eye control. Panorama is also a feature lacking in these regions. Some American variations also lack a automatic pop-up flash.

EF mount (Manual Focus)

Lenses for other mounts

See Exakta lenses for a couple of 1955 lenses for the Exakta (or Topcon).

35mm rangefinder

Interchangeable lens

-

And also screwmount lenses for the above (or other bodies with an appropriate lensmount). Canon also made the 25/3.5 in Contax (or Nikon S) mount.

Fixed lens

35mm compact

35mm half frame

APS film

SLR

cameras compatible with Canon EF mount AF SLR lenses

Compact

110 film

126 film

120 film

The Seica (4.5×6) coupled-rangefinder folding camera has a SEIKI-KOGAKU engraving and it was perhaps a prototype made by Canon's predecessor.

Cine cameras

Regular 8mm Film

  • Cine 8-T
  • Cine Canonet 8
  • Cine Zoom 512
  • Motor Zoom 8 EEE
  • Reflex Zoom 8
  • Reflex Zoom 8-2
  • Reflex Zoom 8-3

Super 8mm Film

  • AF 514 XL-S
  • AF 310 XL
  • AF 310 XL-S
  • Auto Zoom 318 M
  • Auto Zoom 512 Xl Electronic
  • Auto Zoom 518 Super 8
  • Auto Zoom 518 SV
  • Auto Zoom 814 Electronic
  • Auto Zoom 814 Super 8
  • Auto Zoom 1014 Electronic
  • Auto Zoom 1218 Super 8
  • Auto Zoom 2018 Electronic (prototype)
  • Zoom 250 Super 8
  • Zoom 318 Super 8
  • Zoom 518 Super 8
  • Zoom DS-8 (double super 8mm camera)
  • 310 XL
  • 312 XL-S
  • 514 XL
  • 514 XL-S
  • 814 XL Electronic
  • 814 XL-S
  • 1014 XL-S

Single 8mm Film

  • Single 8 518
  • Single 8 518 SV

16mm Film

  • Scoopic 16
  • Sound Scoopic 100
  • Sound Scoopic 200
  • Sound Scoopic 200S (200SE is the same but has viewfinder markings for TV)
  • Sound Scoopic 200S10
  • Sound Scoopic 16M
  • Sound Scoopic 16MN
  • Sound Scoopic 16MS
  • Systema Sound 16

image contributor credits

  1. RC-701, image by bambi851, license: image used with permission, all rights reserved.
  2. EOS 100, image by Tim Williams, license: Creative Commons (not for commercial use).
  3. EOS 1000FN, image by Arty Smokes, license: Creative Commons (not for commercial use).
  4. AF35 MII, image by LucisPictor, license: Image used with permission.
  5. 110 ED, image by Tom Brogan, license: Creative Commons (not for commercial use).
  6. auto zoom 518, image by Harri Haataja, license: Creative Commons (not for commercial use).

Links

In English:

In French:

In Spanish:

  • Manual Camera Utilizando las Canon FD y otras cámaras clásicas

In Japanese

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