Sony

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In 1945 engineer Masaru Ibuka and physicist Akio Morita founded Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo K.K. (Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation). Soon they introduced a new electric rice cooker. In 1950 they introduced "Soni" magnetic tape and a tape recorder. In 1955 they renamed the company to Sony, and in 1960 they introduced the World's first TV-set based on transistor technology.

In the photo business Sony is one of the newer players. It entered the photography market in the age of digital photography. Having been active in the home video business since 1965, it started in the market more experienced with electronic cameras than some of the traditional camera makers. Its first Mavica (Magnetic Video Camera) way back in 1981 stored 570x490 pixel frames from an SLR "TV camera" on 2" magnetic floppy discs called Mavipaks.[1] Mass market items from the Mavica range were a spectacular commercial success since they utilized the convenience of 3.5" floppy disks as the digital photography boom began in earnest. These were later followed by the Mavica CD models, which used CD-Rs as the storage medium. These oddly-shaped formats necessarily made the cameras rather unwieldly, so moves towards smaller memory cards were undertaken, as digital cameras became even more compact than their film-based ancestors.

Sony relied very much on the German optics designer Carl Zeiss. It was June 6th 2006 when it released the first of its DSLR cameras for Minolta's Alpha mount lenses, the Sony Alpha SLRs. This camera succeeded Konica Minolta's digital SLR series Alpha/Maxxum/Dynax and surpassed the predecessors concerning reliability. In autumn 2007 a new model, the DSLR-A700, was introduced in Italy. In 2008 the company offered DSLRs for beginners (Alpha 200) as well as for advanced to professional photographers (Alpha 900). The Alpha 900 has an image sensor with 35.9×24mm frame format (equivalent to 35mm film format), making it interesting to use it with the finest old Minolta A-mount lenses. Nevertheless some new Sony- and Zeiss lenses are available for the Sony α system. In 2009 the highly light-sensitive cameras DSLR-A500 and DSLR-A550 were added. The DSLR-560 and DSLR-580 of 2010 were last DSLRs of Sony. Since then Sony featured its own SLT reflex camera conception instead of the traditional digital SLR concept. A semi-transparent fixed mirror which directs some of the incoming light onto AF sensors is the principle of this kind of reflex camera. The pentaprism and pentamirror viewfinders of these SLTs are replaced by EVF. The compact Sony NEX digital system cameras and camcorders were another innovation of 2010. After having introduced top camera models of each Alpha system camera class - a full-format SLT, a full format NEX camcorder and a versatile APS-C format NEX still camera for real enthusiasts - in 2012 the company founded a strategic joint venture with Olympus which had suffered a severe fraud scandal before. Olympus will deliver optical components for Sony, and Sony will deliver image sensors for Olympus.

Contents

Sony α system cameras and lenses

Konica Minota used different brand names depending on distribution regions for their DSLR cameras. Sony decided to use a unified global brand name for their DSLR cameras and chose the name α, pronounced alpha. This was the name used by Minota in Japan and China. The brand name α is a bit hard to type. So for example, the Sony α290 full model name is known as the Sony Alpha DSLR-A290.

α-bayonet

Cameras that use Sony α mount lenses:

very alpha models

moderate models with live-view

advanced models with live-view

flagship models, bigger sensor (24×36mm)

SLTs (=single lens "translucent mirror" system cameras)

lenses

samples

  • Sony 16-35mm F2.8
  • Sony 28-75mm F2.8
  • Sony 75-300mm F4.5-5.6 G II

E-bayonet

Cameras that use Sony E-mount lenses:

system cameras

camcorders

  • Sony NEX-VG10E (APS-C)
  • Sony NEX-VG20E (APS-C)
  • Sony NEX-VG30E (APS-C)
  • Sony NEX-VG900 (24x36mm --> FE mount)

lenses

samples

  • Zeiss Sonnar E 1.8/24 ZA
  • Sony E 1.8/35 OSS
  • Sony E 2.8/90 Macro G OSS
  • Sony E 3.5-5.6/18-55 OSS
  • Sony E 4.5-6.3/55-210 OSS
  • Sony E 4/28-135 G OSS

Alphabetical List of Sony's other digital cameras

  • Sony DCR-IP220 Handycam
    MicroMV (camcorder
    & still camera in one)
  • Sony DSC-D700 Pro SLR
  • Sony DSC-D770 Pro SLR
  • Sony DSC-G1
  • Sony DSC-G3
  • Sony DSC-J10
  • Sony DSC-L1
  • Sony DSC-M1
  • Sony DSC-M2
  • Sony DSC-MD1
  • Sony DSC-N1
  • Sony DSC-N2
  • Sony DSC-R1
  • Sony DSC-S30
  • Sony DSC-S40
  • Sony DSC-S45
  • Sony DSC-S50
  • Sony DSC-S60
  • Sony DSC-S70
  • Sony DSC-S75
  • Sony DSC-S80
  • Sony DSC-S85
  • Sony DSC-S90
  • Sony DSC-S500
  • Sony DSC-S600
  • Sony DSC-S650
  • Sony DSC-S700
  • Sony DSC-S730
  • Sony DSC-S750
  • Sony DSC-S780
  • Sony DSC-S800
  • Sony DSC-S930
  • Sony DSC-S950
  • Sony DSC-S980
  • Sony DSC-S1900
  • Sony DSC-S2000
  • Sony DSC-S2100
  • Sony DSC-S3000
  • Sony DSC-S5000
  • Sony DSC-ST80
  • Sony DSC-V1
  • Sony DSC-V3

RX series cameras

Compact with larger sensors

  • Sony DSC-RX1 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-RX1R (2013)
  • Sony DSC-RX10 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-RX100 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-RX100M2 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-RX100M3 (2014)

F series

Early cameras have a 180 degree rotating lens platform.

P Series

  • Sony DSC-P1
  • Sony DSC-P2
  • Sony DSC-P3
  • Sony DSC-P5
  • Sony DSC-P7
  • Sony DSC-P8
  • Sony DSC-P9
  • Sony DSC-P10
  • Sony DSC-P12
  • Sony DSC-P20
  • Sony DSC-P30
  • Sony DSC-P31
  • Sony DSC-P32
  • Sony DSC-P43

W series compact

  • Sony DSC-W1
  • Sony DSC-W5
  • Sony DSC-W7
  • Sony DSC-W12
  • Sony DSC-W15
  • Sony DSC-W17
  • Sony DSC-W30
  • Sony DSC-W35
  • Sony DSC-W40
  • Sony DSC-W50
  • Sony DSC-W55
  • Sony DSC-W70
  • Sony DSC-W80
  • Sony DSC-W85
  • Sony DSC-W90
  • Sony DSC-W100
  • Sony DSC-W110
  • Sony DSC-W115
  • Sony DSC-W120
  • Sony DSC-W125
  • Sony DSC-W130
  • Sony DSC-W150
  • Sony DSC-W170
  • Sony DSC-W180
  • Sony DSC-W190
  • Sony DSC-W200
  • Sony DSC-W210
  • Sony DSC-W215
  • Sony DSC-W220
  • Sony DSC-W230
  • Sony DSC-W270
  • Sony DSC-W275
  • Sony DSC-W300
  • Sony DSC-W310
  • Sony DSC-W320
  • Sony DSC-W330
  • Sony DSC-W350
  • Sony DSC-W360
  • Sony DSC-W370
  • Sony DSC-W380
  • Sony DSC-W510
  • Sony DSC-W520
  • Sony DSC-W530
  • Sony DSC-W550
  • Sony DSC-W560
  • Sony DSC-W570
  • Sony DSC-W580
  • Sony DSC-W610 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-W620 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-W630 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-W650 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-W670
  • Sony DSC-W690 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-W710 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-W730 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-W800 (2014)
  • Sony DSC-W810 (2014)
  • Sony DSC-W830 (2014)

Exmor R sensor

  • Sony DSC-WX1
  • Sony DSC-WX5
  • Sony DSC-WX7
  • Sony DSC-WX9
  • Sony DSC-WX10
  • Sony DSC-WX30
  • Sony DSC-WX50
  • Sony DSC-WX60 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-WX70 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-WX80 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-WX100 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-WX150 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-WX170 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-WX200 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-WX220 (2014)
  • Sony DSC-WX300 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-WX350 (2014)

U series cameras

  • Sony DSC-U10
  • Sony DSC-U20
  • Sony DSC-U30
  • Sony DSC-U40
  • Sony DSC-U50
  • Sony DSC-U60

Ultra compact

Slim design compacts the successor to the Minolta X series compacts.

  • Sony DSC-T70
  • Sony DSC-T75
  • Sony DSC-T77
  • Sony DSC-T90
  • Sony DSC-T99
  • Sony DSC-T100
  • Sony DSC-T110
  • Sony DSC-T200
  • Sony DSC-T300
  • Sony DSC-T500
  • Sony DSC-T700
  • Sony DSC-T900
  • Sony DSC-TF1 (2013)

Exmor R sensor

  • Sony DSC-TX1
  • Sony DSC-TX5
  • Sony DSC-TX7
  • Sony DSC-TX9
  • Sony DSC-TX10
  • Sony DSC-TX20 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-TX30 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-TX55
  • Sony DSC-TX66 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-TX77
  • Sony DSC-TX100V
  • Sony DSC-TX200V
  • Sony DSC-TX300V

Ultra Zoom

Bridge

  • Sony DSC-H1
  • Sony DSC-H2
  • Sony DSC-H3
  • Sony DSC-H5
  • Sony DSC-H7
  • Sony DSC-H9
  • Sony DSC-H10
  • Sony DSC-H20
  • Sony DSC-H50
  • Sony DSC-H100
  • Sony DSC-H200 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-H300 (2014)
  • Sony DSC-H400 (2014)
  • Sony DSC-HX1
  • Sony DSC-HX100V
  • Sony DSC-HX200V (2012)
  • Sony DSC-HX300 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-HX400V (2014)

Compact

  • Sony DSC-H55
  • Sony DSC-H70
  • Sony DSC-H90 (2012)
  • Sony DSC-HX5V
  • Sony DSC-HX7V
  • Sony DSC-HX9V
  • Sony DSC-HX10V (2012)
  • Sony DSC-HX20V (2012)
  • Sony DSC-HX30V (2012)
  • Sony DSC-HX50V (2013)
  • Sony DSC-HX60V (2014)

Lens style cameras

Barrel body lens style design

  • Sony DSC-QX10 (2013)
  • Sony DSC-QX30 (2014)
  • Sony DSC-QX100 (2013)
  • Sony ILCE-QX1 (2014)

Mavica

Still-video cameras

These are video cameras that capture an analog still image onto a Mavipack or VF (Video Floppy) disk. Photos can be viewed and printed with a suitable VF player and or printer.

  • Sony Mavica (1981)
  • Sony Mavica MVC-A10
  • Sony Mavica MVC-A7AF
  • Sony Mavica MVC-C1
  • Sony ProMavica MVC-2000
  • Sony ProMavica MVC-5000
  • Sony ProMavica MVC-7000

Digital

High Density 3.5" floppy disk

Optical disc

Industrial cameras

  • Sony DKC-ID1 - 1996
  • Sony DKC-C21X
  • Sony DKC-C100X
  • Sony DKC-C200X
  • Sony DKC-C300X
  • Sony DKC-C2050X
  • Sony DKC-CM30

References

  1. Shutterbug article

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