Fuji

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See also Fuji Kōgaku and Fuji Shashin Kōgyōsha, two older and unrelated companies.

Fujifilm Corporation is a Japanese company, which originally appeared as a film manufacturer and later expanded as a camera maker. Before 2006, the corporate name was Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. and many photographers continue to use the name "Fuji" informally.

Contents

History

The company was founded on January 20, 1934 as Fuji Shashin Film K.K. (富士写真フィルム㈱, later translated as Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.)[1], producing several sorts of film.[2] It was an offshoot of Dai-Nippon Celluloid K.K. (大日本セルロイド㈱), founded in 1919.[3] The company's first CEO was Asano Shūichi (浅野修一).[4] The plants were located in the village of Minami-Ashigara (南足柄村, now a city) in the prefecture of Kanagawa (神奈川県), at the foot of Mt. Hakone (箱根山).[5] It is said that the name "Fuji" (富士) was chosen by Asano Shūichi because of Mt. Fuji (富士山), situated not far from Mt. Hakone, but was already registered by a third party, to which the rights were bought for ¥8,000, an important sum at the time.[6]

The company started to produced optical glass during the early 1940s for military use.[7] The dependent company Fuji Shashin Kōki K.K. (富士写真光機㈱, meaning "Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd.") was founded in 1944, from the assets of Enomoto Kōgaku Seiki Seisakusho (榎本光学精機製作所), but this was absorbed back into Fuji Shashin Film after 1945.[8] Many other Fuji companies were created after the war, all of them dependent of the main Fuji Shashin Film company and eventually of the Fujifilm Group (富士フィルムグループ).

Fuji began producing cameras in 1948 with the Fujica Six. Until the late 1970s, many cameras made by Fuji were called Fujica, a contraction of Fuji and camera (cf Leica, Yashica etc.).

The company started producing digital cameras in 1988. Fujifilm was the most agile among film makers in adapting to digital imaging. Today it offers leading technology concerning smaller digital consumer cameras with high-sensitivity CCDs (see Super CCD); it also sells expensive DSLRs.

Cameras

35mm SLR cameras

Fujica X mount

35mm compact cameras

Rangefinder

No exposure meter
  • Fujica 35M
  • Fujica 35ML F2
  • Fujica SP
Exposure meter but not auto-exposure
Autoexposure

Scale/zone-focus

No exposure meter
Autoexposure

Modern Point and Shoots

Fixed focal length
Dual focal length
Zoom

Half-frame and Rapid cassette 35mm cameras

35mm panorama cameras

APS cameras

MRC Mid-Roll-Change

Subminiature

These two cameras did not go past the mock-up stage:

Disc film

Instant cameras and film

For all instant cameras and film by Fuji including Instax, ACE, Fotorama, pack film please refer to Fujifilm instant photography.

Medium format

Rangefinder

Interchangeable lens

Fixed lens

System cameras

645 cameras

Manual focus

Auto focus

Panorama

GF cameras

Digital

For all digital cameras by Fuji (including DS, Finepix, S-series and MX) and earlier still-video models, please refer to Fujifilm digital cameras.

Disposable / Single Use

Lenses

Interchangeable lenses for 35mm cameras

Interchangeable lenses for medium-format cameras

Lenses for large-format cameras

SWD series

  • 65mm f5.6-45
  • 75mm f5.6-64
  • 90mm f5.6-64

SW series

  • 75mm f8-64
  • 105mm f8-64
  • 120mm f8-64
  • 300mm f8-64

T series

  • 400mm f8-64

W series

  • 150mm f5.6-64

Film

Despite the increasing dominance of digital cameras, Fuji continues to be a prime manufacturer of film. Please refer to Fuji films

Bibliography and references

  1. On the name tag of a Navy Type 99 Handheld Aerial Camera written as: 富士寫眞フィルム株式會社
  2. Date and month: Fujifilm history, vol.1, chapter 4.
  3. Fujifilm history, vol.1, chapter 1, and Koyasu, p.11 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.44.
  4. Fujifilm history, vol.1, chapter 4.
  5. Koyasu, p.11 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.44.
  6. Fujifilm history, vol.1, chapter 4.
  7. Koyasu, p.11 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.44.
  8. Fujifilm history, vol.1, chapter 10, and Koyasu, p.11 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.44.

Links

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In French:

In Japanese:

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