Difference between revisions of "Nikon"

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== Nikon ==
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|| ''Registration of Nikon, Nikoflex and other trademarks. <small>Downloaded from the [http://www.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/homepg_e.ipdl IPDL], in accordance to the [http://www.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/notice_e.htm IPDL&nbsp;policies].</small>''
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'''Nikon''' is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its full name is '''Nikon Corporation''' ({{kabu}}ニコン, Kabushiki Kaisha Nikon) since 1988.
  
* Nikon Coolpix 775
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== History ==
* Nikon Coolpix 885
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The company was founded in 1917 as '''Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō K.K.''' (日本光学工業{{kabu}}, often rendered in English as '''Nippon Kogaku''' or, following as different convention, '''Nippon Kougaku''') with the merger of two Japanese optical firms with military connections. The company's first camera lenses were designed in the 1920s by Heinrich Acht, who was invited with a team of German engineers (see [[Nippon Kōgaku lenses before 1945]]). After the departure of Acht, the lens design department was taken over by Sunayama Kakuya (砂山角野). The first lens mounted on a camera for civil use was the Anytar 12cm f/4.5 made in the early 1930s, renamed [[Nikkor]] in 1932. From 1934, the company supplied lenses to [[Canon|Seiki Kōgaku]] for the early [[Canon]] cameras.
* Nikon Coolpix 950
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* Nikon Coolpix 990
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During World War II the company expanded significantly, supplying optical equipment to the Japanese military, including various [[Japanese aerial cameras|aerial cameras]].<REF> Its address in 1943 was Tōkyō-to Ōmori-ku Iriarai-chō<!-- or Iriarai-machi --> 5–345 (東京都大森区入新井町5–345). Source: {{Inquiry1943_short}}. (The source erroneously says 八新井町 for 入新井町.) </REF>
* Nikon Coolpix 995
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* Nikon Coolpix 2100
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After the war, Nippon Kōgaku decided to produce cameras for civil use, and two projects were started: a 6×6cm TLR and a 35mm rangefinder camera. The TLR, called [[Nikoflex]], was shelved because of problems to find an adequate leaf shutter. The rangefinder camera was inspired by the German [[Contax]] and [[Leica]]. It is said that various names were considered, including Pentax, Nicca or Nikorette.<REF> Rotoloni, ''Nikon Rangefinder Camera'', p.7; [http://imaging.nikon.com/products/imaging/technology/d-archives/history_e/index.htm "Nikon Rangefinder Cameras"] in the Nikon official website. </REF> It was finally released as the [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon]] in 1948.
* Nikon Coolpix 2500
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{{Flickr_image
* Nikon Coolpix 3100
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/kayone73/5101368030/in/pool-camerawiki
* Nikon Coolpix 4300
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|image= http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1164/5101368030_8d7af1f9f5_m.jpg
* Nikon Coolpix 4500
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|image_align= right
* Nikon Coolpix 4500
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|image_text= DSLR bodies, D-series
* Nikon Coolpix 5000
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|image_by= Ed Kwon
* Nikon Coolpix 5400
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|image_rights= non-commercial
* Nikon Coolpix 5700
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}}
* Nikon D1
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* Nikon D100
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The Nikon I proved very successful, and was followed by a long line of [[Nikon rangefinder models|rangefinder cameras]]. In parallel, the company produced a range of [[Nikkor]] lenses both in [[39mm screw lenses|Leica mount]] and for its own rangefinder cameras. The quality of these lenses attracted the attention of many professional photographers and photojournalists desiring better results from the small [[35mm]] format.
* Nikon D1H
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* Nikon D1X
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In 1959, Nippon Kōgaku introduced the [[Nikon F]], an advanced mechanical single lens reflex ([[SLR]]) camera that proved to be extraordinarily durable and reliable. With the F, Nikon introduced its philosophy of high-quality, low-friction, close-tolerance mechanisms requiring less lubricant than other cameras.{{source}} This workmanship had a practical side, as Nikons have accompanied more photographers to extreme environments — from the summit of Mount Everest to the depths of the Saharan Desert — than any other SLR camera. The F became an overnight success with many professional and serious amateur photographers, and spawned a succession of popular Nikon 35mm film cameras, culminating with the Nikon F6. 
* Nikon D2H
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* Nikon D2X
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In 1983 Nikon launched the Nikon F3AF, a professional SLR with [[autofocus]] together with the autofocus lenses AF 80mm f2.8 and AF 200mm f3.5 ED-IF, a fast portrait lens and a fast tele lens since the camera was designed as kind of [[press camera]]. Both lenses had internal AF motors and worked on a slightly modified F-lenses bayonet, thus enabling the usage of manual focusing lenses on the autofocus camera body.
* Nikon D70
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* Nikon E2
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In the mid 1990s Nikon made its first [[DSLR]]s, the E-series, expensive cameras producing low image resolution. In the late 1990s, Nikon introduced its consumer line digital photography products with both the [[Coolpix]] line of consumer and "prosumer" cameras as well as the Nikon D-series (DSLRs).
* Nikon E2N
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* Nikon E3
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In 2003 the company owned Photonics Technology Group which developed an own kind of image sensors (LBCAST-technology instead of common [[CCD]] or CMOS chip-architecture). In 2008 Nikon returned to conventional sensortypes with its FX-format [[CMOS]] sensor (FX-Format=[[35mm film]] frame-format) which it applied in its [[Nikon D3]] DSLR. In autumn 2011 Nikon introduced its mirrorless digital [[camera system]] after concurrents [[Panasonic]], [[Olympus]], [[Sony]] and [[Samsung]] had won big market shares with help of the first and second generation of their mirrorless system cameras, and Panasonic and Olympus even had launched the 3rd generation. The [[Nikon 1]] system uses an own sensor format and special [[Nikkor|1 Nikkor]] AF lenses.
* Nikon EL
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* Nikon EL2
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For several years Nikon produced the leading edge advanced cameras with [[35mm]] format image [[sensor]]s in the market. In 2017 the ''Nikon D850'' [[DSLR]] took more out of its [[Sony]] imaging sensor than concurrent Sony's ''Alpha A7 R Mark II'' despite of the Nikon's sensor gave more [[megapixel]]s, thus needing excessively more technological approach to get out more quality out of its smaller [[pixel]] pitch. But in the same year Sony improved its high-end camera to ''Mark III'', probably to make its 35mm format [[CSC]] cameras technologically at par with Nikon's DSLRs.<REF>[https://www.dxomark.com/Cameras/Compare/Side-by-side/Nikon-D850-versus-Pentax-K-1-versus-Sony-A7R-II___1177_1075_1035 dxOMark camera sensor comparison of Nikon D850 vs. Sony A7R Mk II vs. Pentax K-1], leading 35mm format camera bolides in 2017</REF>
* Nikon EM
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* Nikon F
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== Digital ==
* Nikon F100
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=== SLR ===
* Nikon F2
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{|align=right
* Nikon F2A
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||
* Nikon F2S
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{{Flickr_image
* Nikon F3
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/raulm/4700934263/in/pool-camerawiki/
* Nikon F3HP
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|image=  http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4062/4700934263_103d809277_m.jpg
* Nikon F3THP
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|image_align= right
* Nikon F4
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|image_text= Nikon D40
* Nikon F4S
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|image_by= Raúl Sá Dantas
* Nikon F5
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|image_rights= with permission
* Nikon F6
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}}
* Nikon FA
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|-
* Nikon FE
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||
* Nikon FE2
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{{Flickr_image
* Nikon FG
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/fallenleafs/5590476797/in/pool-camerawiki
* Nikon FM
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|image= http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5102/5590476797_d79b81e3df_m.jpg
* Nikon FM10 (FE10)
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|image_align= right
* Nikon FM2
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|image_text= D700
* Nikon FM2N
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|image_by= Adam Akers
* Nikon FM2T
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|image_rights= wp
* Nikon FM3A
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}}
* Nikon N2000 (F301)
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|}
* Nikon N2020 (F501)
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* [[Nikon D1]] - 1999
* Nikon N4004 (F401)
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* [[Nikon D1|Nikon D1H]] - 2001
* Nikon N50 (F50)
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* [[Nikon D1|Nikon D1X]] - 2001
* Nikon N55 (F55)
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* [[Nikon D2H/D2X|Nikon D2H]] - 2003
* Nikon N6000 (F601M)
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* [[Nikon D2H/D2X|Nikon D2Hs]] - 2005
* Nikon N6006 (F601)
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* [[Nikon D2H/D2X|Nikon D2X]] - 2004
* Nikon N60 (F60)
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* [[Nikon D2H/D2X|Nikon D2Xs]] - 2006
* Nikon N65 (F65)
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* [[Nikon D3]] - 2007
* Nikon N70 (F70)
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* [[Nikon D3s]] - 2009
* Nikon N75 (F75)
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* [[Nikon D3x]] - 2008
* Nikon N80 (F80)
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* Nikon D4 - 2012
* Nikon N8008 (F801)
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* Nikon D4S - 2014
* Nikon N8008S (F801X)
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* Nikon D5 - 2016
* Nikon N90 (F90)
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* Nikon D6 - 2020
* Nikon N90S (F90X)
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* [[Nikon D40]] - 2006
* Nikon Nikkormat FT2
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* [[Nikon D40x]] - 2007
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* [[Nikon D50]] - 2005
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* [[Nikon D60]] - 2008
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* [[Nikon D70]] - 2004
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* [[Nikon D70s]] - 2005
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* [[Nikon D80]] - 2006
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* [[Nikon D90]] - 2008
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* [[Nikon D100]] - 2002
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* [[Nikon D200]] - 2005
 +
* [[Nikon D300]] - 2007
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* [[Nikon D300s]] - 2009
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* Nikon D500 (2016)
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* Nikon D600 - 2012
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* Nikon D610 - 2013
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* [[Nikon D700]] - 2008
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* Nikon D750 - 2014
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* [[Nikon D800|Nikon D800(E)]] - 2012
 +
* Nikon D810 - 2014
 +
* Nikon D810A - 2015
 +
* Nikon D850 - 2017
 +
* Nikon D3000 - 2009
 +
* [[Nikon D3100]] - 2010
 +
* Nikon D3200 - 2012
 +
* Nikon D3300 - 2014
 +
* Nikon D3400 - 2016
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* Nikon D3500 - 2018
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* [[Nikon D5000]] - 2009
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* [[Nikon D5100]] - 2011
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* [[Nikon D5200]] - 2012
 +
* Nikon D5300 - 2013
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* Nikon D5500 - 2015
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* Nikon D5600 - 2016
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* [[Nikon D7000]] - 2010
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* [[Nikon D7100]] - 2013
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* Nikon D7200 - 2015
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* Nikon D7500 - 2017
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* Nikon Df - 2013
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* [[Nikon E2/E3|Nikon E2]] - 1994
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* [[Nikon E2/E3|Nikon E2s]] - 1994
 +
* [[Nikon E2/E3|Nikon E2N]] - 1996
 +
* [[Nikon E2/E3|Nikon E2Ns]] - 1996
 +
* [[Nikon E2/E3|Nikon E3]] - 1999
 +
* [[Nikon E2/E3|Nikon E3S]] - 1999
 +
 
 +
''See also [[Kodak]] for the various DCS models based on Nikon bodies.''
 +
 
 +
''See also [[Fujifilm digital cameras|Fujifilm]] for DCS models with Nikon lens compatibility and cameras based on Nikon DSLR bodies (S2 Pro and S3 Pro) ''
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{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/maoby/14206372332/in/pool-camerawiki/
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|image= http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2922/14206372332_0a67e12019_m_d.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= Nikon 1 J1
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|image_by= maoby
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|image_rights= with permission
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}}
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=== Interchangeable-lens compact ===
 +
[[Nikon 1|Nikon 1 series]]
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* Nikon 1 J1 (2011)
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* Nikon 1 J2 (2012)
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* Nikon 1 J3 (2013)
 +
* Nikon 1 S1 (2013)
 +
* [[Nikon 1 V1]] (2011)
 +
* Nikon 1 V2 (2012)
 +
 
 +
====Z Series ====
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* Nikon Z 6
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* Nikon Z 7
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 +
=== Fixed Lens ===
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 +
All Nikon's compact digital cameras with fixed lenses are branded with the [[Nikon Coolpix|Coolpix]] trademark and are listed together.
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{{br}}
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 +
== Still Video Cameras ==
 +
* Nikon QV prototype (modified [[Nikon F-801 (N8008)|F-801]])
 +
* [[Nikon QV-1000C]]
 +
 
 +
== 35mm film ==
 +
=== Auto focus SLR ===
 +
* Nikon F3AF - 1983
 +
* [[Nikon F4]] - 1988
 +
* [[Nikon_F4|Nikon F4e]] - 1991
 +
* [[Nikon_F4|Nikon F4P]]
 +
* [[Nikon_F4|Nikon F4s]] - 1988
 +
* [[Nikon F5]] - 1996
 +
* [[Nikon F6]] - 2004
 +
{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/lamosquita/5273059922/in/pool-camerawiki
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|image= http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5250/5273059922_5e2e383d35_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= F70
 +
|image_by= Titin Soriano
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|image_rights= with permission
 +
}}
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* [[Nikon F50 (N50)]] - 1994
 +
* [[Nikon F55 (N55)]] - 2002
 +
* [[Nikon F60 (N60)|Nikon F60 (N60)]] - 1999
 +
* [[Nikon F65 (N65)|Nikon F65 (N65)]] - 2000
 +
* [[Nikon F70 (N70)]] - 1994
 +
* [[Nikon F75 (N75)]] - 2003
 +
* [[Nikon F80 (N80)]] - 2000
 +
* [[Nikon F90 (N90)]] - 1990
 +
* [[Nikon F90X (N90S)|Nikon F90X (N90S)]] - 1992
 +
* [[Nikon F100]] - 1999
 +
* [[Nikon F-401|Nikon F-401 (N4004)]] - 1987
 +
* [[Nikon F-401|Nikon F-401S (N4004S)]] - 1989
 +
* [[Nikon F-401|Nikon F-401X (N5005)]] - 1991
 +
* [[Nikon F-501 (N2020)]] - 1986
 +
* [[Nikon F-601 (N6006)]] - 1990
 +
* [[Nikon F-801 (N8008)]] - 1988
 +
* [[Nikon F-801 (N8008)|Nikon F-801S (N8008S)]] - 1991
 +
 
 +
=== Manual focus SLR ===
 +
{{Flickr_image
 +
|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/durr-architect/4795760789/in/pool-camerawiki
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|image= http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4136/4795760789_2f86011e80_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
 +
|image_text= Nikon EM
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|image_by= Hans Jan Dürr
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|image_rights= with permission
 +
}}
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* [[Nikkorex F]] / Nikkor J - 1962
 +
*[[Nikomat/Nikkormat]]
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat EL/ELW|Nikomat/Nikkormat EL]] - 1972
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat EL/ELW|Nikomat/Nikkormat ELW]] - 1976
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat FT/FS|Nikomat/Nikkormat FS]] - 1965
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat FT/FS|Nikomat/Nikkormat FT]] - 1965
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat FTN]] - 1967
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat FT2]] - 1975
 +
** [[Nikomat/Nikkormat FT3]] - 1977
 +
** [[Nikon EL2]] - 1977
 +
* [[Nikon EM]] - 1979
 +
* [[Nikon F]] - 1959
 +
* Nikon F Photomic - 1962
 +
* Nikon F Photomic FTn - 1968
 +
* Nikon F Photomic T - 1965
 +
* Nikon F Photomic Tn - 1967
 +
* [[Nikon F2]] - 1971
 +
* Nikon F2 Photomic - 1971
 +
* Nikon F2 Photomic A - 1977
 +
* Nikon F2 Photomic AS - 1977
 +
* Nikon F2 Photomic S - 1973
 +
* Nikon F2 Photomic SB - 1976
 +
* [[Nikon F3]] - 1980
 +
* Nikon F3HP - 1982
 +
* Nikon F3P
 +
* Nikon F3/T - 1982
 +
* [[Nikon FA]] - 1983
 +
{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/polbar42/4960101984/in/pool-camerawiki
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|image= http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4103/4960101984_38624d6621_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= Nikon FE
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|image_by= polbar
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|image_rights= with permission
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}}
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* [[Nikon FE]] - 1978
 +
* [[Nikon FE10]] - 1996
 +
* [[Nikon FE2]] - 1983
 +
* [[Nikon FG]] - 1982
 +
* [[Nikon FG20]] - 1984
 +
* [[Nikon FM]] - 1977
 +
* [[Nikon FM10]] - 1995
 +
* [[Nikon FM2]] - 1982
 +
* [[Nikon FM2n]] - 1983
 +
* [[Nikon FM2/T]] - 1994
 +
* [[Nikon FM3A]] - 2001
 +
* [[Nikon F-301 (N2000)]] - 1985
 +
* [[Nikon F-601M|Nikon F-601M (N6000)]] - 1990
 +
 
 +
=== Leaf shutter SLR ===
 +
* [[Nikkorex 35]] ( 1960-1962)
 +
* [[Nikkorex 35|Nikkorex 35|2]] (1962-)
 +
* [[Nikkorex Zoom 35]] (1963-)
 +
* [[Nikkorex 35|Nikkorex Auto 35]] / [[Nikkorex 35|Nikon Auto 35]] (1964-)
 +
 
 +
=== Rangefinder ===
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon I]] (1948)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon M]] (1949)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon S]] (1951)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon S2]] (1954)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon SP]] (1957)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon S3]] (1958)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon S4]] (1959)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon S3M]] (1960)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon S3 2000]] (2000)
 +
* [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon SP 2005]] (2005)
 +
 
 +
=== Fixed lens / Compact===
 +
<div class="floatright plainlinks">{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/50678983@N00/301236356/in/pool-camerawiki/
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|image= http://farm1.static.flickr.com/105/301236356_55ad3cc599_t.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= 28Ti
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|image_by= Dries van den Elzen
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|image_rights= wp
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}}</div>
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As with other Japanese manufacturers, Nikon's models were given different names in different territories and formed a confusing array of series, some of which lasted several years and crossed over with others. Below is a list of all the ranges along with some models that defy categorization.
 +
* [[Nikon 28Ti]] (Quartz Date, silver titanium body, 28mm/2.8 [[Nikkor]] lens, 1994)
 +
* [[Nikon 35Ti]] (Quartz Date, black titanium body, 35mm/2.8 [[Nikkor]] lens, 1993)
 +
* [[Nikon AF/Fun•Touch series]] (Wide angle autofocus lenses, from RF of 1987 to AF250SV of 2002)
 +
* [[Nikon AW35/Sport•Touch (QD)]] (Splash-proof, 35mm/3.5, 1992)
 +
* Nikon BF100 (QD) (Fixed focus, big finder, 34mm/4.5, 1997)
 +
* [[Nikon EF/Nice•Touch series]] (fixed focus wide angles, from EF100 in 1993 to EF500SV in 2002)
 +
* [[Nikon L series]] (from Nikon's first compact autofocus camera the L35AF in 1983 to the L35TWAF of 1986)
 +
* [[Nikon One•Touch series]] (Very compact autofocus, from the L35AF2 in 1985 to W35 in 1991)
 +
* Nikon RF10/Smiletaker (34mm/4.5, 1992)
 +
* [[Nikon TW/Tele•Touch/Zoom•Touch series]] (Dual lenses and zooms from the TW2 in 1987 to the TW Zoom 105 WORLDTIME of 1992)
 +
* [[Nikon Zoom/Lite•Touch Zoom/One•Touch Zoom series]] (All with autofocus, from Zoom 100 of 1993 to the Lite•Touch Zoom 100W of 2003, Nikon's final compact 35mm film camera.)
 +
 
 +
=== Underwater ===
 +
* [[Nikonos]] (Calypso/Nikkor)
 +
* [[Nikonos II]] (Calypso / Nikkor II)
 +
* [[Nikonos III]]
 +
* [[Nikonos IV-A]]
 +
* [[Nikonos V]]
 +
* [[Nikonos RS]]
 +
 
 +
== APS film ==
 +
=== SLR ===
 +
* [[Nikon Pronea S|Nikon Pronea-S]] - 1999
 +
* [[Nikon Pronea 6i|Nikon Pronea 600i / Pronea 6i]] - 1996
 +
 
 +
=== Compact ===
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis A20|Nuvis A20]]
 +
<div class="floatright plainlinks">{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/awcam/3052701077/in/pool-camerawiki/
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|image= http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3027/3052701077_f63ba158ca_t.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= [[Nikon Nuvis S|Nuvis S]]
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|image_by= AWCam
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|image_rights= wp
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}}</div>
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* Nuvie E10
 +
* Nuvis mini i
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis S|Nuvis S]]
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis S 2000|Nuvis S 2000]]
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis V|Nuvis V]]
 +
* Nuvis 60
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis 75|Nuvis 75]]
 +
* Nuvis 110i
 +
* Nuvis 125i
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis 160i|Nuvis 160i]]
 +
* [[Nikon Nuvis 200|Nuvis 200]]
 +
* [[Nuvis 300]]
 +
 
 +
== Other cameras ==
 +
* [[Nikoflex]] (TLR project or prototype, c.1946)
 +
* [[Nikon 16]] (subminiature prototype, c.1959)
 +
 
 +
== Lenses ==
 +
see [[Nippon Kōgaku lenses before 1945]], [[Nikkor]] and [[Nikon F lenses]].
 +
 
 +
== Flash ==
 +
{|width=60%
 +
|-
 +
|valign=top|
 +
* Nikon Flash Unit BC-B
 +
* Nikon Flash Unit BC-1
 +
* Nikon Flash Unit BC-2
 +
* Nikon Flash Unit BC-3
 +
* Nikon Flash Unit BC-5
 +
* Nikon Flash Unit BC-7
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-E
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-1
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-2
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-4
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-5
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-7E
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-8E
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-9
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-10
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-11
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-12
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-14
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-15
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-16
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-17
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-18
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-19
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-20
 +
|valign=top|
 +
* Nikon Macro Speedlight SB-21
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-22
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-22s
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-23
 +
* [[Nikon Speedlight SB-24]]
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-25
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-26
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-27
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-28
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-28DX
 +
* Nikon Macro Speedlight SB-29
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-30
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-50DX
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-80DX
 +
* Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-101
 +
* Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-102
 +
* Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-103
 +
* Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-104
 +
* Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-105
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-140
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-400
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-600
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-700
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-800
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-900
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-910
 +
* Nikon Speedlight SB-R200
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Bellows==
 +
See [[Nikon Bellows]].
 +
== Notes ==
 +
<references />
 +
 
 +
== Bibliography ==
 +
* {{Inquiry1943}}
 +
* {{Rotoloni Hove}}
 +
* Hillebrand, Rudolf and Hauschild, Hans-Joachim. ''Nikon Compendium. Handbook of the Nikon System.'' Hove (UK): [http://www.sphotobooks.com/ Hove Books], 1993. 198 pages. <nowiki>ISBN</nowiki> 1897802021.
 +
* Stafford, Simon, Hillebrand, Rudolf and Hauschild, Hans-Joachim. ''Nikon Compendium: Nikon Systems from 1917.'' Hove (UK): [http://www.sphotobooks.com/ Hove Books], 2004. 388 pages. <nowiki>ISBN</nowiki> 1897802161.
 +
* Stafford, Simon, Hillebrand, Rudolf and Hauschild, Hans-Joachim. ''The New Nikon Compendium: Cameras, Lenses & Accessories since 1917.'' [http://www.larkbooks.com/ Lark Books], 2004. 416 pages. <nowiki>ISBN</nowiki> 1579905927.
 +
* Comon, Paul and Evans, Art. ''Nikon Data. 500 + cameras, lenses, and accesories. A detailed buying manual a complete pricing guide.'' Photo Data Research, 1990. 150 pages. <nowiki>ISBN</nowiki> 0962650803.
 +
* Trademark publication for the names "Nikon", "Nikoflex", "Sphex" and "Parax". The trademarks were applied for (出現) on 5 August 1946 and granted (公告) on 24 February 1947 (no.S22-153 to S22-156). Available in the [https://www.j-platpat.inpit.go.jp/web/all/top/BTmTopPage IPDL] trademark database.
 +
 
 +
== Links ==
 +
In English:
 +
* [http://www.nikon.com/ Official Nikon Site]
 +
* Nikon's [http://imaging.nikon.com/history/ History] pages:
 +
** [http://imaging.nikon.com/history/chronicle/ Camera Chronicle] (articles by Yokoyuki Tateno and Kenji Toyoda)
 +
** [http://imaging.nikon.com/lineup/filmcamera/index.htm Film SLR cameras]
 +
* [http://imaging.nikon.com/history/story/ Nikkor - The thousand and one nights], at [http://nikkor.com/ Nikkor.com]
 +
* [http://antiquecameras.net/nikonrflens.html Nikon Rangefinder Lens Price & Information Guide]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_Corporation Nikon at Wikipedia], a comprehensive overview of company, history and products.
 +
* [http://www.nikonians.org/ Nikonians], a large Nikon fan site.
 +
* [http://www.nikonblog.net/ Nikon Camera Blog], a Nikon Camera and Lens Blog
 +
* [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/companies/nikon/htmls/models/index.htm Pictorial History of Nikon cameras] at [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/ Photography in Malaysia], including the [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/companies/nikon/htmls/models/htmls/compact.htm compacts], the [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/companies/nikon/htmls/models/htmls/rangefinder.htm rangefinders], the [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/companies/nikon/htmls/models/htmls/nikonos.htm Nikonos], the [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/companies/nikon/htmls/models/htmls/slrmain8090.htm 35mm SLRs] and the [http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/companies/nikon/htmls/models/digitalSLRs/index.htm digital SLRs]
 +
* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/14296213@N00/sets/72157594230256110/ Pictures of Nikon prototypes] at [http://www.flickr.com/photos/14296213@N00/ Hans Braakhuis' Flickr stream]
 +
* [http://www.nikonhistoricalsociety.com/ Nikon Historical Society website "Nikon Journal"]
 +
* [http://homepage.usask.ca/~jgz816/archive17.html Article] titled "Nikon and the sponsorship of Japan's optical industry by the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1917-1945", by Jeff Alexander, published in [http://grad.usask.ca/gateway/index.html Gateway]
 +
* [http://www.butkus.org/chinon/nikon.htm Nikon instruction manuals - English] on [http://www.butkus.org/chinon/ Mike Butkus' www.orphancameras.com site]
 +
* [http://www.nipponkogakuklub.com/NKK/Nikon_History.html Nikon history] on [http://www.nipponkogakuklub.com/ NipponKogakuKlub]
 +
In French:
 +
* [http://www.collectiongeven.com/piwigo/index.php?/category/808 Nikon page] at [http://www.collectiongeven.com/piwigo/ Collection G. Even's site]
 +
In Spanish:
 +
* [http://manualcamera.info/clasicas.htm Manual Camera] Utilizando las Nikon de enfoque manual y otras cámaras clásicas
 +
In Images:
 +
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/nikon Flickr group Nikon]
 +
 
 +
[[Category: Japanese camera makers]]
 +
[[Category: Japanese lens makers]]
 +
[[Category: sensor makers]]
 +
[[Category: Nikon|*]]

Latest revision as of 05:55, 13 September 2019

Nikon is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its full name is Nikon Corporation (㈱ニコン, Kabushiki Kaisha Nikon) since 1988.

History

The company was founded in 1917 as Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō K.K. (日本光学工業㈱, often rendered in English as Nippon Kogaku or, following as different convention, Nippon Kougaku) with the merger of two Japanese optical firms with military connections. The company's first camera lenses were designed in the 1920s by Heinrich Acht, who was invited with a team of German engineers (see Nippon Kōgaku lenses before 1945). After the departure of Acht, the lens design department was taken over by Sunayama Kakuya (砂山角野). The first lens mounted on a camera for civil use was the Anytar 12cm f/4.5 made in the early 1930s, renamed Nikkor in 1932. From 1934, the company supplied lenses to Seiki Kōgaku for the early Canon cameras.

During World War II the company expanded significantly, supplying optical equipment to the Japanese military, including various aerial cameras.[1]

After the war, Nippon Kōgaku decided to produce cameras for civil use, and two projects were started: a 6×6cm TLR and a 35mm rangefinder camera. The TLR, called Nikoflex, was shelved because of problems to find an adequate leaf shutter. The rangefinder camera was inspired by the German Contax and Leica. It is said that various names were considered, including Pentax, Nicca or Nikorette.[2] It was finally released as the Nikon in 1948.

The Nikon I proved very successful, and was followed by a long line of rangefinder cameras. In parallel, the company produced a range of Nikkor lenses both in Leica mount and for its own rangefinder cameras. The quality of these lenses attracted the attention of many professional photographers and photojournalists desiring better results from the small 35mm format.

In 1959, Nippon Kōgaku introduced the Nikon F, an advanced mechanical single lens reflex (SLR) camera that proved to be extraordinarily durable and reliable. With the F, Nikon introduced its philosophy of high-quality, low-friction, close-tolerance mechanisms requiring less lubricant than other cameras.source needed This workmanship had a practical side, as Nikons have accompanied more photographers to extreme environments — from the summit of Mount Everest to the depths of the Saharan Desert — than any other SLR camera. The F became an overnight success with many professional and serious amateur photographers, and spawned a succession of popular Nikon 35mm film cameras, culminating with the Nikon F6.

In 1983 Nikon launched the Nikon F3AF, a professional SLR with autofocus together with the autofocus lenses AF 80mm f2.8 and AF 200mm f3.5 ED-IF, a fast portrait lens and a fast tele lens since the camera was designed as kind of press camera. Both lenses had internal AF motors and worked on a slightly modified F-lenses bayonet, thus enabling the usage of manual focusing lenses on the autofocus camera body.

In the mid 1990s Nikon made its first DSLRs, the E-series, expensive cameras producing low image resolution. In the late 1990s, Nikon introduced its consumer line digital photography products with both the Coolpix line of consumer and "prosumer" cameras as well as the Nikon D-series (DSLRs).

In 2003 the company owned Photonics Technology Group which developed an own kind of image sensors (LBCAST-technology instead of common CCD or CMOS chip-architecture). In 2008 Nikon returned to conventional sensortypes with its FX-format CMOS sensor (FX-Format=35mm film frame-format) which it applied in its Nikon D3 DSLR. In autumn 2011 Nikon introduced its mirrorless digital camera system after concurrents Panasonic, Olympus, Sony and Samsung had won big market shares with help of the first and second generation of their mirrorless system cameras, and Panasonic and Olympus even had launched the 3rd generation. The Nikon 1 system uses an own sensor format and special 1 Nikkor AF lenses.

For several years Nikon produced the leading edge advanced cameras with 35mm format image sensors in the market. In 2017 the Nikon D850 DSLR took more out of its Sony imaging sensor than concurrent Sony's Alpha A7 R Mark II despite of the Nikon's sensor gave more megapixels, thus needing excessively more technological approach to get out more quality out of its smaller pixel pitch. But in the same year Sony improved its high-end camera to Mark III, probably to make its 35mm format CSC cameras technologically at par with Nikon's DSLRs.[3]

Digital

SLR

See also Kodak for the various DCS models based on Nikon bodies.

See also Fujifilm for DCS models with Nikon lens compatibility and cameras based on Nikon DSLR bodies (S2 Pro and S3 Pro)

Interchangeable-lens compact

Nikon 1 series

  • Nikon 1 J1 (2011)
  • Nikon 1 J2 (2012)
  • Nikon 1 J3 (2013)
  • Nikon 1 S1 (2013)
  • Nikon 1 V1 (2011)
  • Nikon 1 V2 (2012)

Z Series

  • Nikon Z 6
  • Nikon Z 7

Fixed Lens

All Nikon's compact digital cameras with fixed lenses are branded with the Coolpix trademark and are listed together.

Still Video Cameras

35mm film

Auto focus SLR

Manual focus SLR

Leaf shutter SLR

Rangefinder

Fixed lens / Compact

As with other Japanese manufacturers, Nikon's models were given different names in different territories and formed a confusing array of series, some of which lasted several years and crossed over with others. Below is a list of all the ranges along with some models that defy categorization.

Underwater

APS film

SLR

Compact

Other cameras

  • Nikoflex (TLR project or prototype, c.1946)
  • Nikon 16 (subminiature prototype, c.1959)

Lenses

see Nippon Kōgaku lenses before 1945, Nikkor and Nikon F lenses.

Flash

  • Nikon Flash Unit BC-B
  • Nikon Flash Unit BC-1
  • Nikon Flash Unit BC-2
  • Nikon Flash Unit BC-3
  • Nikon Flash Unit BC-5
  • Nikon Flash Unit BC-7
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-E
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-1
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-2
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-4
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-5
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-7E
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-8E
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-9
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-10
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-11
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-12
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-14
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-15
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-16
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-17
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-18
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-19
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-20
  • Nikon Macro Speedlight SB-21
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-22
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-22s
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-23
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-24
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-25
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-26
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-27
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-28
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-28DX
  • Nikon Macro Speedlight SB-29
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-30
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-50DX
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-80DX
  • Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-101
  • Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-102
  • Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-103
  • Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-104
  • Nikon Nikonos Speedlight SB-105
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-140
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-400
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-600
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-700
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-800
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-900
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-910
  • Nikon Speedlight SB-R200

Bellows

See Nikon Bellows.

Notes

  1. Its address in 1943 was Tōkyō-to Ōmori-ku Iriarai-chō 5–345 (東京都大森区入新井町5–345). Source: "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"). (The source erroneously says 八新井町 for 入新井町.)
  2. Rotoloni, Nikon Rangefinder Camera, p.7; "Nikon Rangefinder Cameras" in the Nikon official website.
  3. dxOMark camera sensor comparison of Nikon D850 vs. Sony A7R Mk II vs. Pentax K-1, leading 35mm format camera bolides in 2017

Bibliography

  • "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" (国産写真機ノ現状調査, Inquiry into Japanese cameras), listing Japanese camera production as of April 1943. Reproduced in Supuringu kamera de ikou: Zen 69 kishu no shōkai to tsukaikata (スプリングカメラでいこう: 全69機種の紹介と使い方, Let's try spring cameras: Presentation and use of 69 machines). Tokyo: Shashinkogyo Syuppan-sha, 2004. ISBN 4-87956-072-3. Pp.180–7.
  • Rotoloni, Robert. Nikon Rangefinder Camera. Hove, East Sussex: Hove Foto Books, 1983 (second edition). ISBN 1-874707-07-3.
  • Hillebrand, Rudolf and Hauschild, Hans-Joachim. Nikon Compendium. Handbook of the Nikon System. Hove (UK): Hove Books, 1993. 198 pages. ISBN 1897802021.
  • Stafford, Simon, Hillebrand, Rudolf and Hauschild, Hans-Joachim. Nikon Compendium: Nikon Systems from 1917. Hove (UK): Hove Books, 2004. 388 pages. ISBN 1897802161.
  • Stafford, Simon, Hillebrand, Rudolf and Hauschild, Hans-Joachim. The New Nikon Compendium: Cameras, Lenses & Accessories since 1917. Lark Books, 2004. 416 pages. ISBN 1579905927.
  • Comon, Paul and Evans, Art. Nikon Data. 500 + cameras, lenses, and accesories. A detailed buying manual a complete pricing guide. Photo Data Research, 1990. 150 pages. ISBN 0962650803.
  • Trademark publication for the names "Nikon", "Nikoflex", "Sphex" and "Parax". The trademarks were applied for (出現) on 5 August 1946 and granted (公告) on 24 February 1947 (no.S22-153 to S22-156). Available in the IPDL trademark database.

Links

In English:

In French:

In Spanish:

  • Manual Camera Utilizando las Nikon de enfoque manual y otras cámaras clásicas

In Images: