Lancaster

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J. Lancaster & Son was a renowned optician and camera maker based in Birmingham. They made wooden view cameras, among them several cameras for smaller plate formats. The company produced cameras named Instantograph for many years, during which the design of the camera developed somewhat. It is usually a quarter-plate camera. Early Photography describes the different Instantograph models, shows several examples, and gives some guidance on dating the cameras.[1][2][3] The ordinary Instantograph was later renamed the BB Instantograph (for brass-bound). Lancaster made some stereo folding cameras, and some detective cameras, the Rover and Perfect Omnigraph. Less unusual cameras included the Gem Apparatus of 1880, a camera with twelve lenses, for making 'gem' portraits on ferrotype plates, and the Patent Watch Camera, a tiny plate camera (in two sizes, for gentlemen and ladies) telescoping out of a pocket watch case. Lancaster made its own lenses and had patents on some shutter mechanisms. Other products included magic lanterns.





Cameras

  • 1880: Gem Apparatus
  • 1882: Instantograph / [1] at www.waterfordcountymuseum.org
  • 1882: Le "Meritoire" / [2] at www.photographica.nu
  • 1882: Le "Merveilleux" / [3] at www.photographica.nu , and [4] at www.antiquewoodcameras.com
  • 1886: Watch camera / [5] at www.eastman.org
  • 1890: Stereo Merveilleux / [6] at www.photographica.nu
  • 1891: Stereo Instantograph / [7] at www.antiquewoodcameras.com
  • ....: Stereo Meritoire
  • 1890: Rover magazine detective camera / [8] at www.photographica.nu
  • 1893: Perfect Omnigraph detective camera
  • 1900: The Kamret / [9] at www.photographica.nu

Shutters

  • Lancaster's patent shutter / [10] at www.photographica.nu
  • Lancaster's patented bean shutter / see above (Link to Le "Merveilleux" at www.photographica.nu)


Notes

British companies
Adams & Co. | Agilux | Aldis | APeM | Aptus | Artima | Barnet Ensign | Beard | Beck | Benetfink‎ | Billcliff | Boots | British Ferrotype | Butcher | Chapman | Cooke | Corfield | Coronet | Dallmeyer | Dekko | De Vere | Dixons | Dollond | Elliott | Gandolfi | Gnome | Griffiths | G. Hare | Houghtons | Houghton-Butcher | Hunter | Ilford | Jackson | Kentmere | Kershaw-Soho | Kodak Ltd. | Lancaster | Lizars | Marion | Marlow | Meagher | MPP | Neville | Newman & Guardia | Pearson and Denham | Perken, Son & Rayment | Photopia | Purma | Reid & Sigrist | Reynolds and Branson | Ross | Ross Ensign | Sanderson | Sands & Hunter | Shackman | Shew | Soho | Standard Cameras Ltd | Taylor-Hobson | Thornton-Pickard | Underwood | United | Watkins | Watson | Wynne's Infallible | Wray
  1. 1.0 1.1 Instantograph and BB Instantograph cameras from 1888, 1891, 1893 and 1903, with a list of other Instantograph models, and notes on developments in the standard model over time, at Early Photography.
  2. Instantograph, original model, 1882 at Early Photography.
  3. 1887 Instantograph at Early Photography.
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