W. Butcher and Sons Ltd. was a British camera maker, formed as a pharmacy business by William Butcher in Blackheath (in south-east London) in 1887. Photographic items were manufactured from c.1897 by sons of William, W.E. & F.E. Butcher. The name "Primus" seems to belong to this early company.
By February 1902, the company had a headquarters at Camera House, Farringdon Avenue, London EC (East Central - much closer to the centre of London). Whilst manufacturing some of their own stock, much came from other makers, such as Hüttig and Ica in Germany.
In 1914, war prevented Butcher's German imports, and they joined forces with Houghton (very nearby in High Holborn) in 1915 to form the Houghton-Butcher Manufacturing Co. Ltd. The two companies continued to sell their own brands until their full merging on 1 January 1926 to form Houghton Butcher (Great Britain) Ltd., which became Ensign Ltd. in 1930.
- Cameo Minimum
- Butcher's Cameo Stereo, no.s 1, 2, 3 and 4
- Cameo Speed
- Carbine No.2
- Coronet No. 1
- Coronet No. 2
- Dandycam ferrotype camera for one-inch circular plates
- Klimax mod.I and mod.II
- Little Nipper (c.1900); a rebadged Gnom (1901) or Aviso (1907); the Japanese Cherry is based on these.
- Little Nipper (c.1922)
- Butcher's Maxim - no.s 1, 2, 3 and 4
- Butcher's National Field Camera
- Butcher's National Stereo
|Butcher's 1/2-plate National Stereo|
image by Geoff Harrisson (Image rights)
- Pilot, no.s 2, 3, 3A and 4
- Butcher's Quarter Plate Cameo (c.1910)
- Reflex Carbine
- Sportie Carbine
- Butcher's Watch Pocket Carbine
- Watch Pocket Klimax
- No. 1, 2, 3, 4 and Popular models
- Butcher's Royal Mail Stamp Camera (3 lens & 15 lens)
- Primus Coronet No.1 and No.2 quarter-plate camera
- Primus no.s 1, 2 and 3
- Primus So-Li-To
|Adams & Co. | Agilux | Aldis | APeM | Aptus | Artima | Barnet Ensign | Beard | Beck | Benetfink | Billcliff | Boots | British Ferrotype | Butcher | Chapman | Cooke | Corfield | Coronet | Dallmeyer | Dekko | De Vere | Dixons | Dollond | Elliott | Gandolfi | Gnome | Griffiths | G. Hare | Houghtons | Houghton-Butcher | Hunter | Ilford | Jackson | Johnson | Kentmere | Kershaw-Soho | Kodak Ltd. | Lancaster | Lejeune and Perken | Lizars | London & Paris Optic & Clock Company | Marion | Marlow | Meagher | MPP | Neville | Newman & Guardia | Pearson and Denham | Perken, Son and Company | Perken, Son & Rayment | Photopia | Purma | Reid & Sigrist | Reynolds and Branson | Ross | Ross Ensign | Sanderson | Sands & Hunter | Shackman | Shew | Soho | Standard Cameras Ltd | Taylor-Hobson | Thornton-Pickard | Underwood | United | Watkins | Watson | Wynne's Infallible | Wray|
- Channing, Norman and Dunn, Mike. British Camera Makers. An A-Z Guide to Companies and Products. London : Parkland Designs, 1996. ISBN 0-9524630-0-8 Pp.29–30 and 54–5.
- McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). Pp.171–3 and 393.
- Cameras at Living Image:
- Butcher's Royal Mail Stamp Camera at Rob Niederman's Antique & 19th Century Cameras
- Obituary of W.E. Butcher, 1936 (scroll down two pages to p.541) at the Royal Society of Chemistry
- Butcher Carbine No.5 for 118 film, well explained on Flickr by Pete Naylor
- Butcher's Reflex Carbine at Novacon