Polaroid instant film

From Camera-wiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search

Polaroid Corporation pioneered and released instant photography products in 1948. Their film was initially made in house, but soon after many components was manufactured by Kodak. In 1969, Polaroid built their largest facility for manufacturing negative film in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Their Waltham based plant was also expanded. At the time, the newly built Norwood plant was for industrial and eyeglass polarizing material along with transparent instant films. By 1970 Polaroid started to manufacture a majority of their film products in house. Intergral film was manufactured in the Waltham (US) or in Enschede (Netherlands). Packfilm was manufactured in Waltham, Queretaro (Mexico), and Vale of Leven (Scotland). 4x5 sheet film was manufactured in Waltham. In the early 1980's they worked with Fuji Photo to produce Type 100 and Type 550 (4x5) compatible instant packfilm intended primarily for the Japanese market. Film production stopped in 2008. Shortly after, a group known as Impossible is leasing the Enschede plant and manufacturing compatible intergral films.

Rollfilm

Type 20 series for the Swinger and Swinger II

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
20 3000 B&W 1965-1970
20c 3000 B&W 1970 coater-less

Type 30 series (2½" × 3¼") for the Highlander 80 / 80A / 80B & Polaroid J33

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
31 100 B&W 1954-1958 Coating
32 200 B&W 1955-1959
32 400 B&W 1959-1979
37 3000 B&W 1959-1979
38 75 colour 1963-1969

Type 40 series roll film (3¼" × 4¼") 8 exposures per roll

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
40 100 Sepia 1948-1950 Coater-less
41 100 B&W 1950-1959 Coating
42 200 B&W 1955-1992
43 200 B&W 1955-1958 Acetate based negative
44 400 B&W 1956-1963
46 800 B&W 1957-1964 transparent film (2¼ × 2¼")
46-L 800 B&W 1957-198? transparent film (3¼ × 4)
47 3000 B&W 1959-1992
48 75 Colour 1963-1976 6 prints per roll
146-L 125 High Contrast B&W 1961-198? transparent film (3¼ × 4) increased in 1967 to 320 daylight / 125 tungsten
410 10000 B&W 1961 PolaScope film for oscillography
413 B&W 1964-1969 infrared film

Packfilm

Type 100 series often called type 660, 10.8 × 8.3 cm; (4.25 × 3.25 inch) Film was initially in the 100 series, but in the late 1970's professional / industrial versions of similar films were released in the 600 numbering range. Later the consumer versions of the film became discontinued, but the 600 number films remained.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
T64 64 Colour Tungsten balance
084 3000 B&W 1977-1998 CRT (Pro 107), 15 sec dev, requires coater
105 PN Negative: 32
Print: 75
B&W 1974-1977 B&W print with usable negative
renamed as 665 in 1977
107 3000 B&W 1963 requires coater
107C 3000 B&W 1978-1998 Coater-less
107-667 3000 B&W 1976-1977 (Pro 107C) replaced by 667
108 75 Colour 1963-1976 requires print mounts
108 75 Colour 1975-1980s Polacolor 2 w/o print mounts
108 80 Colour 1980s-1990s Polacolor ER, 8 exposures
108 80 Colour 1990s-2001 Polacolor ER, 10 exposures, replaced by 669 in 2001
125i 125 Colour non-USA, Passport and document, 11 exposures
125i Silk 125 Colour non-USA, Passport and document, matte finish
606 200 B&W Sepia
611 200 B&W 1979-2007 low contrast for photographing video displays
612 20000 B&W 1981-1997 high-speed and high contrast for photographing oscilloscope traces
661 80 Colour ER ID film replace by 671
661W 80 Colour ER ID driver license film
663 800 B&W sold in Japan
664 100 B&W 1989-2007 Polapan Pro 100
665 Negative: 32
Print: 80
B&W 1977 PN film, has a reusable negative, 8 exposures
665 Negative: 32
Print: 80
B&W 2003-2006 PN film, has a reusable negative, 10 exposures
667 3000 B&W 1977-1990's Coater-less (Pro 107C), 8 exposures
667 3000 B&W 1990's-2008 Coater-less (Pro 107C), 10 exposures
668 75 Colour 1977 Polacolor 2 (Pro 108)
669 80 Colour 1980's-1990's Polacolor ER (Pro 108), 8 exposures
669 80 Colour 1990's-2008 Polacolor ER (Pro 108), 10 exposures
669 Silk 80 Colour (669S) Matte finish
669HS Colour
671 100 Colour Special Events Film
672 400 B&W 1990's-2008 Polapan Pro 400
679 100 Colour 1993 Polacolor Pro 100, true to life colours. Replaced by 690
679 Silk 100 Colour Matte finish
681 80 Colour PolaPress, plastic base print.
689 100 Colour ProVivid - saturated colours
690 125 Colour 2002-2004 Replaced by newer 690 with ISO 100
690 100 Colour 2005-2008
691 80 Colour 1985-1997 Transparent film
ID-UV 100 100 Colour non-USA, ultra violet security imprint (passport, documents)
ID-UV 80 Colour Ultra violet security imprint (passport, documents)
Polacolor 100 Silk 100 Colour
Polacolor ID 80 Colour
Polacolor Pro 100 100 Colour sold in Europe
Polapan 3200 3000 B&W sold in Japan
Studio Polaroid 125 Colour non-USA, passport and document, replaced by 125i
100 Chocolate 80 B&W 2007 Brownish tone film, sold by unsaleable
100 Sepia 1600 B&W 2007 Sepia tone film, sold by unsaleable
100 Blue Silk 80 B&W 2007 blue & white tone (matte finish), sold by unsaleable


Type 80 series, 8.3 × 8.6 cm, (3¼ × 3⅜ inch) Introduced in 1971 (re-introduced in 2004[1]).

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Plant Other Information
84 100 B&W 2004-2006[1]
85 Negative: 32
Print: 80
B&W 2004-2005[1] B&W print with usable negative
87 3000 B&W 1971- intro 1974 -USA
87 3000 B&W 2004-2006[1] Scotland
88 75 Colour 1971-1976
88 75 Colour 1976-1981 PolaColor 2 replaced by 88 ER
88 ER 100 Colour 1981 Polacolor ER
88 80 Colour 2004-2006[1] 10 exposures
89 100 Colour 2004-2006[1]
Viva 80 Colour non-USA
Viva Color 125 Colour Scotland
Mexico
non-USA
Viva Color 125 Colour Scotland
Mexico
non-USA matte finish
Viva 3000 3000 B&W Scotland
Mexico
non-USA
Chocolate 100 B&W Chocolate/brownish tone

Type 550 series, 4 × 5 inch, for Polaroid 550 film backs. Introduced in 1981. 4x5 pack film was manufactured in Waltham until 1999, but moved to Scotland afterwards.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
552 400 B&W 1981
553 800 B&W 1986 Coaterless
554 100 B&W Polapan Pro 100, Coaterless
558 Colour 1981
559 80 Colour 1981 ER
559 Silk 80 Colour (559S) Matte finish
572 400 B&W Matte finish
579 100 Colour

Sheet film

Type 50 series sheetfilm for 4x5 inch cameras introduced in 1958.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
51 Negative: 80
Print: 640
B&W 1967-2007 High contrast B&W print with negative
52 200 B&W 1958-1961 paper negative
52 400 B&W 1961-2007 paper negative
53 200 B&W 1958 acetate negative
53 800 B&W 1986-2007
54 100 B&W ??-2007
55 Negative: 25
Print: 50
B&W 1961 B&W print with negative
56 200 B&W Sepia
56 400 B&W Sepia
57 3000 B&W 1961-2007
58 75 Color 1963-1976
58 75 Color 1976 PolaColor 2
59 80 Color 1981-2007 Polacolor ER
64 64 Color Polacolor Pro Tungsten
72 400 B&W ??-2007 Polapan 400
79 100 Color ??-2007 PolaColor Pro
510 10000 B&W 1965-1967

Type 800 series sheetfilm for 8x10 inch cameras. 81-05 holder, and Processor 81-01 / 81-02 8x10 film was manufactured in the US Waltham plant.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
803 800 B&W 1987-2007
804 100 B&W ??-2007 Polapan Pro 100
808 75 Colour
808 80 Colour 1977 Polacolor 2
809 80 Colour 1981-2007 Polacolor ER
811 200 B&W
879 100 Colour
891 80 Colour 1980 transparent film
TPX N/R B&W translucent prints; for radiography

20x24 for 20x24 camera introduced 1977.

Type ISO Colour or B&W
20x24 P3 PolaColor ER 80 colour
20x24 P7 PolaColor 100 colour
20x24 Polapan 400 400 B&W

Polavision

Type ISO Colour or B&W
Polavision Phototape Type 608 40 colour
Polavision Phototape Type 617 125 B&W
Polavision Phototape Type 618 40 colour


PolaChrome

35mm instant negative slide film, introduced in 1983. It was manufactured in the US Norwood plant.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
PolaBlue CN 8 white-on-blue 1987 12 exposures
PolaChrome CS 40 colour 24 or 36 exp
PolaChrome HCP 40 colour 1986 12 exp
PolaGraph 400 B&W 12 exp
PolaGraph HC 400 B&W 24 or 36 exp
Polapan CT 125 B&W 12 or 36 exp


Integral film

SX-70 series 3 1/8" x 3 1/8" ISO 150 Colour

Type Year Other Information
SX-70 1972
1976

processing temperature, glare reduction
SX-70 Time-Zero 1978 reduced development time
SX-70 Time-Zero High Definition 1990's
Type 778 Time-Zero 1978 Pro version
SX-70 Blend 2006-2007 A color film with a ND filter.
Artistic TZ 2007 A color film made from expired Time-Zero chemicals.
Type 708 Time-Zero 1977 no battery for Face Place booth

600 series 3 1/8" x 3 1/8" ISO 640 Colour

Type Year Other Information
Type 600 1981
Type 600 Plus 1988 improvements from Image/Spectra
Type 600 High Definition 1993[2]
Type 600 Platinum 1997-2008 (Glossy), 600 Extreme
Type 600 Extreme 1997-2008 (Glossy), 600 Platinum
Type 600 AfterImage 1998 600 Mat /t/e - Europe
600 Mat - Japan
Type 600 Mat /t/e 1997 600 AfterImage - US
Type 600 Mat 1997 600 AfterImage
600 Mat /t/e - Europe
Type 600 Classic (B&W) 1998 600 Extreme Mono -Europe
600 B&W - Japan
Type 600 Black & White 1997 600 Classic - US
600 Extreme Mono - Europe
Type 600 Extreme Monochrome 1997 600 Classic - US
600 B&W - Japan
Type 600 Note Pad 1998 2 ruled lines on border
Type 600 Copy & Fax B&W
Type 600 Write-On ??-2008 2 ruled border, write-on mask
Type 600 Wild Sides colourful borders, write-on mask
Type 600 Greeting Card with cardboard holders
Type 600 Lego Land 600 Platinum, Lego border
Type 600 6-shot 6 exposures
Type 779 1989-2007 Pro 600 Plus
Type 780 Turbo non-USA South Africa?
Type 600 Barbie 1999- pre-exposed character film
Type 600 Loony Tunes 1999- pre-exposed character film

Spectra/Image ISO 600 3 5/8" x 2 7/8" colour film.

Type Year Other Information
Image 1986 Spectra
Image Extreme 1997-2008 (glossy), Spectra Platinum
Image Wild Sides
Spectra 1986 Image
Spectra High Definition 1992
Spectra Platinum 1997-2008 (glossy), Image Extreme
Spectra 700
Spectra Grid film 1988-2007 pre-exposed grid lines
Spectra Note Pad two ruled lines on border
Type 1200 2000's 12 exp
Type 909 1986 Pro Spectra/Image
Type 990 Pro Spectra/Image High Definition
Image Softtone 2007 made from expired chemicals
ColorShot 1998 no battery ColorShot printer

Captiva/Vision for Captiva and Joycam

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year
Captiva95 640 colour 1993-1998
Vision95 640 colour 1993-1998
Type 500 640 colour 1998-2007

i-Zone

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
i-Zone Pocket Film 640 colour 1999
i-Zone Sticker Film 640 colour 1999 adhesive back
i-Zone Fortune Film 640 colour 1999 adhesive back
i-Zone 200 640 colour 2003 i-Zone200 adhesive back

330 series Autofilm
3¼ × 4¼ inch (no battery) for CB33 backs. Autofilm was manufactured in the US Waltham plant.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
Type 331 400 B&W 1984
Type 337 3200 B&W high speed print film
Type 339 640 colour 1984
Type 339 Plus 640 colour has battery

mio / Polaroid 300
Manufactured by Fujifilm but branded as Polaroid. Identical to Instax mini film.

Type ISO Colour or B&W Year Other Information
mio 800 Colour 2001-2002 first run grey cartridge, later black
Polaroid 300 800 Colour 2011

Misc film

Type Year Other Information
Type 1001 radiography film 10 × 12 in, 10 sec development.
Type 3000X radiography film 1961 10 × 12 in, 10 sec development.

Notes

Literature

  • The First 30 Years 1948 - 1978 A Chronology of Polaroid Photographic Products, Polaroid Corporation, 1979-12
  • Polaroid Access 50 Years, Access Press Ltd. Richard Saul Wurman, 1989
  • Polaroid Film Guide, Polaroid Corporation, 1999-08-16
  • Polaroid Film Identification and Manufacturing Information, Polaroid Corporation
  • Polaroid Film Codes, Polaroid Corporation, 1998-08.
  • Pocket Guide to Polaroid Professional Film, Polaroid Corporation, 1999-06