Kodak AG

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Kodak AG is the German branch of the Kodak company. It originated at the end of the 19th century as the German branch of Kodak in Berlin, named Eastman Kodak GmbH

Later, in the 20th century, the German Kodak branch became listed at the German stock market, and it bought the independent camera maker Nagel, and its founder Dr. August Nagel became general director of the company when it was bought by Eastman Kodak Company on December 1, 1931. The name was changed to Kodak A.G. - Dr. Nagel Werk and developed its own line of products, including the Kodak Retina Camera. The first Retina camera (Type 117) was introduced in the summer of 1934 along with a new 35mm film Daylight Loading Cartridge (DLC). A camera was sold at Westlicht, which the auctioneer describe as the prototype for the Retina (and it is marked 'Retina' in the leatherette); interestingly, it is a half-frame rangefinder.[1] Dr. August Nagel held the German patent for this new 35mm DLC. This 35mm Daylight Loading Cartridge was designed for the Kodak Retina camera and was also designed to retrofit into existing Leica and Contax cameras. Nagel's son Helmut Nagel led the company after the war.




126 film


See the Instamatic page for a comprehensive list.


110 film

127 film



120 & 620 film


616 film





  • Coe, Brian: Kodak Cameras, the First Hundred Years; Hove Foto Books, Hove, UK. 1988; ISBN 0-906447-44-5, or 2nd edition, 2003; ISBN 1874707375.
  • NAGEL, Helmut: Zauber der Kamera: Beispiele aus dem Kodak-Nagel-Werk, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1977. ISBN 3421025169.
  • KEMMLER, Karl Otto: Nagel und Kodak Kameras, Gisela Kemmler, 1983.
  • GUBAS, Larry: Further Thoughts on August Nagel, available at Zeiss Historica, vol. 29, Fall 2007, pages 21-22. ISSN 1553-5371.
  • GUBAS, Larry: Zeiss Ikon and Dr. August Nagel (History), available at Zeiss Historica, vol. 6, Spring 1984, page 4. ISSN 1553-5371.
  • WALLAGE, Peter: August Nagel and the Retina, available at Zeiss Historica, vol. 27, Fall 2005, pages 10-15. ISSN 1553-5371.


  1. Half-frame Retina prototype, with 3.5cm f/3.5 Xenar, sold at the 29th Westlicht Photographica Auction, in November 2016.


Photo industry in Stuttgart
Contessa | Contessa-Nettel | Drexler & Nagel | Ebner | Hauff | Kenngott | Kodak AG | G. A. Krauss | Nagel | Zeiss Ikon