Zorki

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Zorki ( Зоркий, meaning "sharp-sighted") is one of the most widely known Soviet photo brands. It was one of two USSR efforts to produce rangefinder cameras derived from the Leica design. During WW2, The Soviet camera factory FED was evacuated to escape advancing German troops. After the war, FED had troubles resuming production of their FED-branded rangefinder camera, (a copy of the pre-war German Leica 35mm camera). Because the KMZ plant had escaped destruction, that company started making the FED camera under a joint FED-Zorki logo in 1948. When FED got back in operation, KMZ continued to produce rangefinder cameras under the Zorki trademark (inlcuding export models), and made design changes diverging from any Leica influence.

Other cameras produced by KMZ include the Moskva series of 6x9/6x4.5 folders, the Drug rangefinder and the Iskra 6x6 folder.

Comparison of Zorki models and their features

Camera Models FED-Zorki Zorki 1 Zorki S Zorki 2 Zorki 2-C (S) Zorki 3 Zorki 3M Zorki 3-C (S) Zorki 4 Zorki 4K Mir Zorki 5 Zorki 6 Zorki 10 Zorki 11 Zorki 12
Produced 1948-49 1948-56 1955-58 1954-56 1955-60 1951-56 1954-56 1955-56 1956-73 1972-78 1959-61 1958-59 1959-66 1964-78 1964-67 1967-68
Rangefinder Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
M39 Lenses Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Flash sync port No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Slowest speed 1/20 1/20 or 1/25 1/25 1/25 1/25 1s 1s 1s 1s 1s 1/30 1/30 1/30 1/30 1/30 1/30
Fastest speed 1/1000 or 1/500 1/500 1/500 1/500 1/500 1/1000 1/1000 1/1000 1/1000 1/1000 1/500 1/500 1/500 1/500 1/500 1/500
Removable back No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes (Hinged) Yes Yes Yes
Lever/Knob wind Knob Knob Knob Knob Knob Knob Knob Knob Knob Lever Knob Lever Lever Lever Lever Lever
Tripod mount 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 1/4" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" or 1/4" 3/8" or 1/4" 1/4"

Zorki Timeline (click show to expand)


Examples of Zorki cameras


Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Typing is as to Fotoua by Alexandr Komarov

Bibliography

  • Princelle, Jean-Loup. The Authentic Guide to Russian and Soviet Cameras. Hove Foto Books, 2nd edition, 1995. 200 pages. ISBN 1874031630.

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In French:

Zorki cameras
FED-Zorki | 1 | S | 2 | 2-C (S) | 3 | 3M | 3S | 4 | 4K | Mir | 5 | 6 | 10/11 | 12 | 35M
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