Warszawskie Zakłady Fotooptyczne

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Warszawskie Zakłady Fotooptyczne (WZFO) was a maker of cameras and other photographic equipment in the Polish capital Warszawa. The company was founded by the state in 1951. The first camera (a Start I) was assembled on 28 December 1953 in the newly build Warszawskie Zakłady Kinotechniczne Plant (was as well the first camera fabricated in Poland after WW2). In 1968 it was merged with the older photo-optical company PZO, the merging had the consequence of suspending all development researches for new designs of cameras.

Some of its products were exported abroad (at least in France[1] and UK[2]) by a company called PTHZ Varimex. Among the products exported were: Ami[3], Start B, Fenix Ib, Fenix IIb, Alfa 2, Krokus and Janpol Color.


120 film (6×6 format)


  • Fenix series (1956-1966)
    • Fenix IIa (Prototype: 1956)
    • Fenix I (or Cunica / Kunica (1958-1966)
    • Fenix-II (1959-1966)
    • Fenix (special model for medical purposes, c.1960)
    • Fenix 1S (Prototype: 1961)
    • Fenix 2S (Prototype: c.1961)
    • Fenix Ia (c.1961)
    • Fenix Ib (1961-1966)
    • Fenix IIb / Zefir b (1962-1966)
  • Alfa series (1962 - 1968)
  • Zefir (Prototype: 1965)

127 film (4×4)

  • Gama (Prototype: 1961)


  • Krokus
  • Meteoryt

Camera lenses

  • Janpol Color (previously called Jantar Color - enlarger lenses, 1960s)[4]


  • Mariusz Jedynak (2018). Polskie Aparaty Fotograficzne 1953-1985. Wydawnictwo MS. ISBN 978-83-61915-67-6.