|image by Paul Analog (Image rights)|
The Smena (смена: 'change') is a viewfinder camera for 35mm film developed and made by GOMZ. Since 1957 it was also manufactured by MMZ. The Smena went through at least 15 versions, running until the 1990s. The first variant was the flash-synchronized Smena-2 of 1955.
The camera has a bakelite body and a three-element lens (Cooke triplet) with a leaf shutter. Early versions have a separate shutter release lever on the lens and a frame counter release button on top of the body; later ones are equipped with a single button on the body combining both functions. The Smena, and subsequent versions till the Smena 7, has no film rewind capability and two cassettes always have to be used.
- Type: viewfinder camera
- Manufacturers: GOMZ and MMZ
- Year of launch: 1953
- Film: 35mm
- Lens: triplet T-22 1:4.5/40mm
- Angle of view: 57 degrees
- Min. focusing distance: 1.3 m
- Shutter: Speeds 1/10 sec. to 1/200 sec. and B
- Aperture: 1:4.5 to 1:22
- Exposure range: 8-17 EV
- Self-timer: none
- Film advance: knob
- Tripod thread: 3/8"