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GOMZ stands for Gosularstvennyi Optiko-Mekhanicheskii Zavod (State Optical-Mechanical Factory).[1] Founded in 1932 near Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), the GOMZ factory is one of the oldest of Soviet optical companies. It made several of the most common Soviet cameras like the Smena series and the Lubitel TLRs, and also the World's second 35mm film single-eyed reflex camera Sport. It also made selenium meters.

In 1965, the factory changed its name to LOMO or Leningradskoe Optiko Mekhanichesko Obedinenie (Leningrad Optical-Mechanical Union). Under that name it continued a number of camera lines, as well as developed new designs.


plate cameras



Instant Film

  • Moment (instant)


  • Leningrad
  • Leningrad 2
  • Leningrad 3
  • Leningrad 4
  • Leningrad 5
  • Leningrad 6
  • Leningrad 7
  • Leningrad 8


  • Princelle, Jean Loup (2004), The Authentic Guide to Russian and Soviet Cameras ('Made in USSR'), Le Reve Edition. ISBN 2952252106; or the earlier edition: Hove Foto Books, 2nd edition, 1995. 200 pages. ISBN 1874031630. Paperback.


  1. государственний оптико-механический завод