Viewfinder camera

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Glossary Terms

While virtually all cameras offer some form of viewfinder, viewfinder camera is the common term used to distinguish simpler camera models whose finders lack either reflex viewing or a rangefinder focus device. Instead, a viewfinder camera is one in which an eye-level viewfinder is used only for composing the photo (perhaps with the aid of parallax correction marks for close-ups).

The absence of focusing aids in viewfinder cameras means by necessity they must either be fixed focus or employ guess focusing.

A viewfinder camera that employs autofocus would typically be classed as a point-and-shoot camera. A camera with a waist-level brilliant finder, such as a pseudo TLR, would not typically be grouped with viewfinder cameras, despite the absence of focusing devices.

The Fujifilm X100 of 2010 was the first digital camera which had a telescopic viewfinder with superimposed EVF for choice to see pure optical viewfinder preview or instead an electronic digital image preview. The concept was called hybrid finder, but the camera is still a genuine viewfinder camera. Those cameras which have only an EVF might also be called viewfinder cameras. The common compact digicams without any viewfinder have just an rear display as viewing system and cannot be called viewfinder cameras.

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