Oriental

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Oriental Shashin Kōgyō K.K. (オリエンタル写真工業株式会社, Oriental Photo Industrial Co., Ltd.) was a Japanese film maker founded in 1919. It used the Orient, Peacock and OK trademarks,[1] and was using an OPIC logo (presumably for Oriental Photo Industrial Co.) at least from 1936 onwards.[2] It made or distributed large format field cameras in the 1920s or 1930s.[3] It also published a photographic magazine, Photo-Times. It made an attempt at exporting some products in the mid-1930s, placing advertisements in the 1937 and 1938 editions of The British Journal Photographic Almanac.[4]

It is said that the company Tōyō Kōki Seizō, which made the Peacock cameras from 1939, was a subsidiary of Oriental.[5] It was merged into the main company in 1944, becoming its optical instruments branch (光機部門), dissolved in 1945.[6]

The company became Cyber Graphics in 2000 and still (2012) exists under that name.[7]

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Notes

  1. Lewis, p.30.
  2. This page at Kan's Room says that the logo was adopted in 1938 but it already appears in an advertisement on p.642 of The British Journal Photographic Almanac 1937, published at the end of 1936.
  3. Examples in Sugiyama, item 1014, and in this page at Kan's Room.
  4. Advertisements in The British Journal Photographic Almanac 1937, p.642, and in The British Journal Photographic Almanac 1938, p.660. The two documents are identical.
  5. Dependent of Oriental: Fujishima and Nakamura, p.161 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.10, say keiretsu kaisha (系列会社). See also Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.339.
  6. See this page at Kan's Room.
  7. Company history of Cyber Graphics.

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