Tōyō Kōki Seizō
Tōyō Kōki Seizō K.K. (東洋光機製造㈱), often cited as "Tōyō Kōki", was a Japanese company of the late 1930s and early 1940s, which made the Peacock 3×4cm cameras. The company was based in Tokyo, Yodobashi.
It is said that it was linked to Oriental Shashin Kōgyō, a large film maker and owner of the Peacock trademark. Tōyō Kōki was merged into Oriental in 1944, becoming its optical instruments branch (光機部門), dissolved in 1945.
- Peacock (T, B, 10–100) on the Peacock III
- Orient A (T, B, 1–200, self-timer) on the Semi Clover, Clover-Six, Semi Kreis, Semi Kinka, Semi Leotax and Elmoflex
- Super Rapid (T, B, 1–250 or 1–300, self-timer), on the Semi National and National Six, attribution unsure
- The full name "Tōyō Kōki Seizō K.K." is given in the address list of the "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), and in this page at Kan's Room. Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.339, says "Tōyō Kōki K.K." Sugiyama, items 3044 and 4060, gives "Toyo Optical Works", a translation attempt. McKeown, p.933, says "Toyo Kogaku", surely a wrong back translation, and makes a confusion with the postwar Tōyō Kōki and with Tōkō Shashin.
- Its address in 1943 was Tōkyō-to Yodobashi-ku Nishi-Ochiai 2–531 (東京都淀橋区西落合2–531). Source: "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras").
- Dependent of Oriental: Fujishima and Nakamura, p.161 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.10, say keiretsu kaisha (系列会社). See also Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.339.
- See this page at Kan's Room.
- "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), item 157.
- "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), shutter item 18-U-11.
- "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), shutter item 18-P-23. The document only gives the short form 東洋, as for the Peacock shutter.
- Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7.
- Fujishima Kōichi (藤島広一), Nakamura Kin (中村欽). "Kurashikku kamera Q&A" (クラシックカメラQ&A, Classic camera questions and answers). Kamera Rebyū: Kurashikku Kamera Senka (カメラレビュー クラシックカメラ専科) / Camera Review: All about Historical Cameras no.10, September 1987. No ISBN number. Konishiroku kamera no rekishi (小西六カメラの歴史, special issue on Konishiroku). Pp.159–61.
- "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" (国産写真機ノ現状調査, Inquiry into Japanese cameras), listing Japanese camera production as of April 1943. Reproduced in Supuringu kamera de ikou: Zen 69 kishu no shōkai to tsukaikata (スプリングカメラでいこう: 全69機種の紹介と使い方, Let's try spring cameras: Presentation and use of 69 machines). Tokyo: Shashinkogyo Syuppan-sha, 2004. ISBN 4-87956-072-3. Pp.180–7.
- McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover).
- Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5.