Tōyō Kōki

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Tōyō Kōki Seizō

History

Tōyō Kōki Seizō K.K. (東洋光機製造㈱), often cited as "Tōyō Kōki", was a Japanese company of the late 1930s and early 1940s, which made the Peacock 3×4cm cameras.[1] The company was based in Tokyo, Yodobashi.[2]

It is said that it was linked to Oriental Shashin Kōgyō, a large film maker and owner of the Peacock trademark.[3] Tōyō Kōki was merged into Oriental in 1944, becoming its optical instruments branch (光機部門), dissolved in 1945.[4]

Camera list

Shutter list

Postwar company

A company called Tōyō Kōki (東洋光機㈱) is episodically mentioned in various sources as a camera maker in the late 1940s and in the 1950s, for the Tone, Larkflex, Elega-35 and Elegaflex.

Notes

  1. The full name "Tōyō Kōki Seizō K.K." is given in the address list of the "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), and in this page at Kan's Room. Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.339, says "Tōyō Kōki K.K." Sugiyama, items 3044 and 4060, gives "Toyo Optical Works", a translation attempt. McKeown, p.933, says "Toyo Kogaku", surely a wrong back translation, and makes a confusion with the postwar Tōyō Kōki and with Tōkō Shashin.
  2. Its address in 1943 was Tōkyō-to Yodobashi-ku Nishi-Ochiai 2–531 (東京都淀橋区西落合2–531). Source: "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras").
  3. Dependent of Oriental: Fujishima and Nakamura, p.161 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.10, say keiretsu kaisha (系列会社). See also Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.339.
  4. See this page at Kan's Room.
  5. "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), item 157.
  6. "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), shutter item 18-U-11.
  7. "Kokusan shashinki no genjōchōsa" ("Inquiry into Japanese cameras"), shutter item 18-P-23. The document only gives the short form 東洋, as for the Peacock shutter.

Bibliography

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