Kodak cine lenses

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This article focuses mainly on Kodak's 16 mm cine lenses for interchangeable lens cameras.

Kodak launched the 16 mm motion picture film format in 1923[1], and that year introduced its first motion picture camera, the Cine-Kodak, with a fixed 25 mm f/3.5 lens. With the launch of the Cine-Kodak Model B in 1926[2], the Cine-Kodak was renamed as the Cine-Kodak Model A. Late versions of the Cine-Kodak Model A[3] and the Cine-Kodak Model B[4] had interchangeable lenses, but only two lenses were available for each. The Cine-Kodak Model BB and Cine-Kodak Model K were Kodak's first cine cameras with a variety of available lenses.

Contents

Interchangeable lens Ciné-Kodak cameras

Model A mount

Just two available lenses: Anastigmat 25 mm f/1.9 and Anastigmat 78 mm f/4.5[3]

  • Ciné-Kodak Model A (later version, 1927-[2])

Model B mount

Just two available lenses: Anastigmat 25 mm f/1.9 and Anastigmat 78 mm f/4.5

  • Ciné-Kodak Model B (later version, 1928-1931[4])

Model K mount

  • Cine-Kodak Model BB f1.9 (1929-1932) (not the BB f3.5 or BB Junior)
  • Ciné-Kodak Model K (1930-1946)[4]

Eight model 60 mount

Just two available lenses: Anastigmat 13 mm f/1.9 and Telephoto 38 mm f/4.5[5]

  • Ciné-Kodak Eight model 60 (8 mm) (1932-1946)

Cine-Kodak Special mount

  • Cine-Kodak Special (1933-1948)[1]

Kodak Type S mount

The Kodak Type S mount was Kodak's universal cine lens mount, adaptable to nearly all of Kodak's interchangeable lens cine cameras. Type S lenses were introduced in the mid 1930s, sometime after the Cine-Kodak Special and more than a decade before Kodak's only camera with a Type S mount: the Cine-Kodak Special II. Nearly all of Kodak's cine lenses from the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s were available in the Type S mount, and there were many more Kodak lenses in Type S mount than in any other mount.

  • Cine-Kodak Special II (1948-1961)[1]

Kodak Type M mount

All of Kodak's magazine cine cameras used this mount.

  • Magazine Cine-Kodak (1936-1945)[4]
  • Cine-Kodak Magazine 16 (1945-1950)[4]
  • Cine-Kodak Royal Magazine (1950-1967)[4]
  • Magazine Ciné-Kodak Eight model 90 (8 mm) (1940-1946)[4]
  • Ciné-Kodak Magazine 8 (8 mm) (1946-1955)[4]

Type A mount

Threaded mount similar to C-mount. Kodak considered Type A to be distinct from Type C[6], but it's unclear why. Type A is not thought to be related to the early Bell & Howell Filmo A-mount.

  • Ciné-Kodak Model E (1937-1946)[7]

D-mount (8 mm)

  • Cine-Kodak Reliant (1949-1954)[8][9]

C-mount

  • Cine-Kodak K-100 (single lens) (1955-1958)[10]
  • Cine-Kodak K-100 Turret Camera (1956-1959)[11][12]

Kodak Type R mount

  • Kodak Reflex Special (1962-1964)[13][14] just a few hundred cameras manufactured[15]

Kodak 8 mm cine lenses

for interchangeable lens cameras

Kodak Anastigmat

  • 9 mm f/2.7
  • 13 mm f/1.9
  • Telephoto 38 mm f/4.5 for the Cine-Kodak Eight model 60
  • 38 mm f/2.5

Kodak Cine Ektanon

  • 9 mm f/2.7
  • 13 mm f/2.7
  • 13 mm f/1.9
  • 38 mm f/2.8
  • 38 mm f/2.5

Kodak 16 mm cine lenses

for interchangeable lens cameras

Kodak Anastigmat

'Anastigmat' was Kodak's name for most of its better lenses made in the 1920s and 1930s. The name was used generically by many lens manufacturers to indicate correction for astigmatism. Some of Kodak's smaller aperture, longer focal length cine lenses carried the name 'Cine-Kodak Telephoto' instead of Anastigmat, but all indications are that the lenses were of the same general type and quality. Around 1940, Kodak started marking all lens barrels with focal lengths in millimeters.

  • Observed dates of manufacture for Type S lenses: 1936-1948 (have you seen older or newer examples?)


  • Anastigmat 15 mm f/2.7
  • Anastigmat 20 mm f/3.5 for the Model K[16], or fixed focus Type A mount for the Cine-Kodak Model E[17]
  • Anastigmat 25 mm f/1.9. Four air spaced elements. U.S. patent 1620337
  • Anastigmat 2 in. (50 mm) f/3.5
  • Anastigmat 50 mm f/1.6
  • Anastigmat 2-1/2 in (63 mm) f/2.7
  • Telephoto 3 in. (76 mm) f/4.5
  • Anastigmat 78 mm f/4.5 for the Model A, B, BB, or K
  • Anastigmat 4 in. (102 mm) f/2.7
  • Telephoto 4-1/2 in. (114 mm) f/4.5
  • Telephoto 6 in. (152 mm) f/4.5. Four elements in two groups. U.S. patent 1897896

Kodak Cine Ektanon

Kodak mostly stopped using the Anastigmat name in 1948 or 1949. At that time several Anastigmat lenses were renamed to Ektanon, and the other Anastigmats were likely discontinued. Kodak used the Ektanon name for mid-level consumer products.

  • Observed dates of manufacture for Type S lenses: 1949-1954 (have you seen older or newer examples?)


  • Cine Ektanon 15 mm f/2.7
  • Cine Ektanon 50 mm f/1.6
  • Cine Ektanon 63 mm f/2.7
  • Cine Ektanon 102 mm f/2.7
  • Cine Ektanon 152 mm f/4.5

Kodak Cine Ektar

Starting in 1936[18], Kodak used the Ektar name for a new line of its best lenses. Cine Ektar lenses were generally superior to Anastigmat lenses, both optically and mechanically.

  • Observed dates of manufacture for Type S lenses: 1945-1964 (have you seen older or newer examples?)


  • Cine Ektar 15mm f/2.5
  • Cine Ektar 25 mm f/1.9
  • Cine Ektar 25 mm f/1.4
  • Cine Ektar 25 mm to 15 mm converter (for the 25 mm f/1.4 Cine Ektar)
  • Cine Ektar II 25 mm f/1.9 (1952-1956)
  • Cine Ektar II 25 mm f/1.4 (1953-1963)
  • Cine Ektar 40 mm f/1.6
  • Cine Ektar 50 mm f/1.9
  • Cine Ektar 63 mm f/2.0
  • Cine Ektar 102 mm f/2.7
  • Cine Ektar 152 mm f/4.0

Kodak Cine Ekton

all in Type R for the Kodak Reflex Special, apparently all made by Angenieux

  • Kodak Cine Ekton 10 mm f/1.8
  • Kodak Cine Ekton 15 mm f/1.3
  • Kodak Cine Ekton 25 mm f/1.4
  • Kodak Cine Ekton 50 mm f/1.5
  • Kodak Cine Ekton 75 mm f/2.5
  • Kodak Cine Ekton 150 mm f/2.7

Lens coatings

In the early or mid 1940s Kodak started coating some cine lens surfaces with a single hard layer of magnesium fluoride. By 1945 or 1946, most Kodak cine lens surfaces were coated, and starting around 1947 Kodak used the name "Lumenized" in cine lens packaging and literature to indicate that all lens surfaces were coated. Lumenized lenses are marked with a small "L" in a circle on the lens barrel. Kodak's 1930s cine lenses are uncoated, and Kodak is not thought to have used calcium fluoride (soft) coatings on its cine lenses.

Lens serial numbers

Starting sometime in 1940, all Kodak 16 mm cine lens serial numbers are prefixed with a 2-letter code indicating the date. For lenses manufactured in the U.S. (which all Kodak-made cine lenses apparently were), the code is derived from the sequence of letters in the word "CAMEROSITY".

Adapters

Kodak made adapters from Type S mount lenses for Type M, A, C, D, and R cameras. For Type S lenses on the Cine-Kodak Model K and Cine-Kodak Special, there were several types of adapters[6] each with a different attached viewfinder lens and/or flip-up masks to match the angles of view of specific focal length lenses. Kodak supplied additional viewfinder masks that could be manually installed into an adapter.

  • Type H adapter: for the Cine-Kodak Model K with a 15 mm lens
  • Type J adapter: for the Cine-Kodak Model K with long focus lenses
  • Type R adapter: for the Cine-Kodak Model K with a 25 mm lens
  • Type G adapter: for the Cine-Kodak Special with a 15 mm lens
  • Type F adapter: for the Cine-Kodak Special with long focus lenses
  • Type P adapter: for the Cine-Kodak Special with a 25 mm lens


Elgeet made a type S to C-mount adapter.

Guangzhou Yeenon makes a Type S to L39 adapter

Kodak cine lenses for 3rd-party cameras

Associated Photo Products (APPCO) Lektro 16 mm cameras

  • Kodak Anastigmat 1-3/8 in. (35 mm) f/3.5[19]

3rd-party lenses for Kodak cine cameras

with Kodak cine mounts


Kodak Type M mount

  • Kinotar (Ichizuka/Cosmicar) 6.5 mm f/1.9 (8 mm)
  • P.ANGENIEUX 25 mm f/1.4

Kodak Type S mount

  • Elgeet Cine Navitar 13 mm f/1.5
  • Elgeet Cine Navitar 75 mm f/1.9
  • Zoomar 16 1 inch to 3 inch f/2.8. U.S. patent 2454686

Kodak Type R mount

  • Angenieux 17.5-70 mm f/2.2 (unclear if this was Kodak branded or not)


Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 16 mm Camera Information from kodak.com
  2. 2.0 2.1 Honour to Louis Lumière at the Polytechnic, on 20th February, 1936
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kodaks and Kodak Supplies, 1928
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Kodak movie cameras at movie-camera.it
  5. Ciné-Kodak brochure, 1940
  6. 6.0 6.1 Kodak Cine Ektar and Ektanon lens price list, 1950
  7. The Collection at trickphotography-la.com
  8. Cine-Kodak Reliant ad, 1949
  9. Cine-Kodak Reliant ad, 1954
  10. Cine-Kodak K-100 ad, 1955
  11. Cine-Kodak K-100 Turret Camera ad, 1956
  12. Kodak Movie News, summer 1959
  13. Kodak Movie News, fall 1962
  14. Broadcast Engineering, May 1964
  15. Kodak Reflex Special at worthpoint.com
  16. Cine-Kodak Brochure, 1933
  17. Cine-Kodak Model E manual
  18. Kodak Lens Manual, 1941
  19. Popular Photography, Oct. 1948, page 130

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