Horizont

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The Horizont is a lineage of swing-lens panoramic cameras similar in design to the Panon Widelux or the later KW Noblex and a departure from its predecessor, the KMZ FT-2. It was produced from 1967-1973 (Horizont, chrome) and again from 1991 onwards (Horizon-202 etc., black plastic).

Contents

Horizont (1967-1973)

The Horizont, marked in cyrillic Горизонт for the home market, is a sturdy and well built Russian panoramic camera, Some 49,849 were made by Krasnogorski Mekhanicheskii Zavod (KMZ) from 1967-1973[1]. The panning ОФ-28П (OF-28P) 28mm f2.8 lens makes 24×58mm frames on 35mm film, giving a 120° view.[2] By adjusting the slit width exposure times of 1/30s, 1/60s and 1/125s can be set on the dial at the top plate. An un-calibrated and unmarked 1/250s is also available. In the center of the dial is a film speed reminder dial. A spirit level is located on the left corner of the top plate, which is covered when the detacheable viewfinder is fitted into a vertical shoe on the front. A mirror system allows the user to see the spirit level when looking through the viewfinder.[3] As with most Soviet cameras of that era, the two first digits in the serial number at the back indicates year of manufacture.

A complete set also includes a sloping bakelite hand grip to be fitted to the left side if the camera base, and a black leather outfit case. Later variants were supplied with a cyclindrical hand grip and a brown leather case.

Variations

A number of variants of the Horizont are known, which differ mainly in the badging

  • Горизонт for the domestic and Eastern Bloc export market. Name plate silver and black
    • Early version with 1/250th shutter speed market. Name plate silver and black. [4]
      • Some export models have a 'Made in USSR' engraving on the back.[5]
      • Some export models have a 'Made in USSR' engraving on the bottom.[6]
      • Some export models have a 'Made in USSR' and 'Author Certificate' engraving on the bottom.[6]
    • Standard version lacking the 1/250th speed indicator[7]with semi-circular recess for the rewind release button.[6]
    • Standard version as above, but with circular recess for the rewind release button.[6]
    • Late version (1972-73), with silver and red name plate.[6][8]
  • Horizont for the Western export market. (-1972)[9]
  • Horizont Revue, distributed by the German department store Foto-Quelle) in 1969[10][11]
    • Variant, just REVUE on the name plate[6]
  • Kalimar Wide-X, distributed by the the U.S. importer Kalimar[6]
  • Global-H, distributed for the Australian Market[12][6]


Horizon 202 / Horizon Kompakt

The Horizont / Horizon 202 (Горизонт-202)(1991-2005) is an updated version with an plastic outer body shell designed by V. Shablevitch[13]. The plastic used is an early version of ABS[14] which proved to be less scratch-resistant than expected. The camera has a built-in viewfinder, which is centred on the top-plate. A spirit level is mounted centrally on the view finder and can be seen externally, as well as in the viewfinder itself. A total of 23329 units were produced[1]

202 Variants

  • Горизонт 202 Early versions fitted with the ОФ-28П f2.8/28mm, later versions with the coated MC Arsat f2.8/28mm[15][16]
  • Horizont 202. Early versions fitted with the ОФ-28П f2.8/28mm, later versions with the coated MC Arsat f2.8/28mm. Export markings "[Zenit Logo] USSR" on the bottom plate [15]
  • Horizon 202. Export markings "MADE IN RUSSIA" on the bottom plate [15]
    • Units without serial number (early)
    • Units with serial number on body (late)
  • Horizont 202s Limited production version with additiona 1/15 and 1/500 speed settings[13][17]
  • Technopan-202 Rebadged versions of the Horizont 202[18].
  • PAN-35SL Rebadged versions of the Horizont 202 sold in France by ¶¶ and in Italy by Sylvestri[19].

Horizon Kompakt

The Horizon Kompakt (Горизонт-kompakt; Lomo model 950) (2005–?2009) is similar to the Horizon 202, but commonly finished in cream, with a knob advance, while the 202 has lever advance.

  • Cream model with coloured face logos attached to the turret (known in green ¶¶).
  • Black model with Russian text (in green) 'Industar MC 8/2.8" or with a green face on the turret.[20]


Horizon S3

The Horizon S3 was developed from the Horizon 202 (and initially called the Horizon 203), by reshaping the exterior, giving a more rounded appearance. The external shell was now made from ABS plastic which improved resistance to shock and minor damage.[14] The mechanics were overhauled with the aim of reducing the noise emitted by the gears and the turning turret.[21]

Horizon S3 Pro / (2003–)

The Horizon S3 Pro is still in production (as of June 2012) by Roxsen|Roxsen Digital Company, a Chinese manufacturer. Their website lists the camera as the Zenit Horizon 203 S3 Pro and lists their manufacturing capactity at up to 500 units per week.[22]

Horizon S3-500 (2005–)

A further development of the Horizon S3 with the addition of a 1/500th shutter speed. Горизонт-S3-500 [23]

Horizon S3-Sport (2005–)

A further development of the Horizon S3-500 but with the removal of all shutter speeds below 1/60th.[24]

Horizon Perfekt (2005–)

The Horizon Perfekt (Lomo model 951) is similar to the Horizon S3.[25]. It is made from ABS plastic[14]. The name is sometimes spelled Horizon Perfect. Coloured face logos are attached to the turret (known in yellow, red ¶¶ [26]



Reference

  1. 1.0 1.1 KMZ R&D Center site: Cameras production data
  2. The lens serial numbers do not seem consecutive. Observed were for ex sn#5851 on body sn#6703209 (eBay Dec 2011) and sn# 3833 on body sn#7200984
  3. User Manual
  4. Some variants are known where the detachable finder also carries a KMZ logo and the serial number; for ex sn# 6704301 (online auction, eBay December 2011)
  5. sn# 6801942; online auction, eBay December 2011
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 SovietCams
  7. But the speed could still be obtained, within tolerances.—sn# 6807659; online auction, eBay December 2011
  8. The symbol underneath Горизонт is the Soviet logo for Export Quality
  9. Some variants are known where the detachaable finder also carries a KMZ logo and the serial number
  10. Catalogue Foto-Quelle 1969, p.13 (Sylvain Halgand's site.—The camera is no longer listed in the 1972 catalogue
  11. Observed serial numbers also show 1969 production: 6903353 (eBay 300643842789 Jan 2012); 6903500 (Christies 24 November 1994 Auction 6680 Lot 10; 6903951 (eBay 370568784949 Dec 2011); .—See also Auction Breker 30 April 2005 Lot 732
  12. image on Futua
  13. 13.0 13.1 Alfred Klomp's site
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Lomo Site.—Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a common thermoplastic. Collectors note that ABS plastic is damaged by sunlight!
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Soviet Cams
  16. Kiev Camera
  17. Zenit site
  18. KMZ R&D Center cite: Cameras names and trademarks
  19. KMZ R&D Center cite: Cameras names and trademarks
  20. Lomo Site
  21. Zenit site
  22. Alibaba Global Trade: Roxsen Zenit Horizon 203 S3 Pro Panoramic 35mm Film Camera
  23. Examples from star_1+6, and Yuankuei Cheng on Flickr.
  24. RUGIFT site
  25. Example from Megan Kline on Flickr.
  26. Lomo site

Links

Horizont (1967-1973)

Horizont 202

Horizont Kompact

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