| Futura S|
image by Mark O'Brien (Image rights)
Futura Kamerawerk GmbH was founded in 1950 or 1951 by Fritz Kuhnert in Freiburg in Breisgau, Germany. Its precursor company, Fritz Kuhnert Optische Anstalt (Fritz Kuhnert Optical Works) had been producing optical equipment for the German Luftwaffe during WWII. In 1947 Kuhnert created the Efka camera.
Futura marketed from 1950 to 1958 four different 35 mm rangefinders with interchangeable lenses, all with the same threaded mount.
Later production (specifically the Futura S) had a modified, functional, light baffle between the flange and the shutter leaves, which serves to allow the 50mm to couple with and drive the longer lenses (see esp. the Futura Tele-Elor 5.6/90).
In 1958 Futura stopped its production.
- Futura Ampligon 4.5/35
- Futura Futar 3.5/45
- Schneider Xenar 2.8/45
- Futura Frilon 1.5/50
- Futura Evar 2.0/50
- Futura Elor 2.8/50
- Futura Frilon 1.5/70
- Futura Tele Futar 3.8/75
- Futura Tele Elor 3.8/90
- Futura Tele-Elor 5.6/90
- ↑ In 1944 his workforce comprised of 142 men and 91 women of which 41 (39 men and 2 women were forced labour from various parts of Europe). Source: Bernd Spitzmüller (2004) Aber das Leben war unvorstellbar schwer. Die Geschichte der Zwangsarbeiter und Zwangsarbeiterinnen in Freiburg während des Zweiten Weltkriegs . Freiburg : Stadtarchiv Freiburg im Breisgau. P. 106.—The factory was destroyed in the Allied massed bomber attack on Freiburg 27 November 1944.