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Disambiguation Page

  • Cyclops was a name variant of the analog Teleca, a modern type of jumelle (binocular camera).
  • The Cyclops was an experimental digital camera which used the 32×32 array of memory cells on a CMOS type integrated circuit, a kBit RAM memory dual in-line package, as the first CMOS type digital still camera sensor. That meant that the camera could shoot 32×32 pixel "images", rudimentary "true black and white" images because the "sensor's" color-depth was just one bit. But each pixel switched sooner or later to being exposed, depending on how intensive the light shined on it. That's why the memory which served as sensor had been read 15 times during each exposure, making grey-scaled b&w images possible that way. 32×32 pixels is still a common image format for icons. The Cyclops used a 25mm f2.8 D-mount lens.
    The camera was made by a Silicon Valley microcomputer pioneer, by Cromemco Inc.. Despite of its makeshift sensor it became the first commercially sold digital camera, brought to market in 1975 as experimental accessory for microcomputers like Cromemco's Z-1, the Altair, and Commodore's KIM-1. In the same year Steven J. Sasson of Kodak developed the first true digital camera, based on a b&w CCD chip, a sensor technology then already known for video cameras.
  • A folding strut camera made by Körner & Mayer (later Nettel).