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Japanese subminiature
on paper-backed roll film and round film (edit)
17.5mm film Arrow | Baby Flex | Baby-Max | Barlux | Beauty 14 | Bell 14 | Blondy | Baby Colon | Comex | Corona | Croma Color 16 | Epochs | Fuji Kozet | Gamma | Gem 16 | Gemflex | Glico Lighter | Halmat | Hit | Hit-II | Hit-type | Hobby 16 | Homer No.1 | Homer 16 | Honey | Hope | Jenic | Kiku 16 | Kent | Kolt | Kute | Lovely | Mascot | Meteor | Micky | Midget | Mighty | Mini | Moment | Mycro | Myracle | Nikkobaby | Peace | Peace Baby Flex | Peace Small Lef | Pet | Petit | Petty | Prince 16-A | Prince Ruby | Robin | New Rocket | Rubina | Rubix | Saga 16 | Saica | Septon Pen | Sholy-Flex | Snappy | Spy-14 | Sun | Sun B | Sun 16 | Sweet 16 | Tacker | Takka | Tone | Top Camera | Toyoca 16 | Toyoca Ace | Tsubame | Vesta | Vista | Vestkam
20mm film Guzzi | Mycroflex | Top
round film Evarax | Petal | Sakura Petal | Star
unknown Hallow | Lyravit | Tsubasa
cine film see Japanese cine film subminiature
110 film see Japanese 110 film

The Baby-Max is a Japanese subminiature taking ten 14x14mm images on 17.5mm paper backed rollfilm. It was also produced under the names Barlux and Hit, and it was a slightly larger and more modern version of the original Hit camera. It was certainly made in the 1950s by Tougodo, as indicated by the use of the "Hit" brand.


The camera has an elongated body with polygonal ends. The viewfinder is integrated in the symmetrical top housing. The film is advanced by a knob on the photographer's right, and there is a small fake knob on the left. The back is hinged to the right and locked by a sliding bar on the left. It contains a single uncovered window in the middle.

The lens has a fixed focus and aperture, and has no marking. The everset shutter is tripped by a lever. It gives Bulb and Instant exposures, selected by a switch at the bottom of the barrel.


The name variants only differ by the markings on the shutter plate and on the top housing, above the viewfinder:

Type name Top housing Shutter plate
Baby-Max[1] nothing BABY–MAX
Barlux[2] Barlux Barlux
Hit[3] Hit Hit

The words MADE IN JAPAN appear under the lens on some examples of the Baby-Max and Hit, but not all.[4]

The Baby-Max was sometimes sold in a blister, together with its ever-ready case and a box containing five rolls of film.[5]


  1. Examples pictured in Pritchard, p.79, in Sugiyama, item 5012, and in this page at
  2. Examples pictured in Pritchard, p.79, and in this page at
  3. Examples pictured in Pritchard, p.79, and in this page at
  4. Compare the Baby-Max pictured in this page at Fotomuseet i Osby (archived), and in this page at, and the various Hit pictured in this page at
  5. Blister pictured in McKeown, p.928, and in this page at


  • McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). P.928.
  • Pritchard, Michael and St. Denny, Douglas. Spy Cameras — A century of detective and subminiature cameras. London: Classic Collection Publications, 1993. ISBN 1-874485-00-3. Pp.77–9.
  • Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5. Item 5012.


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