Thomas Sutton

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Thomas Sutton (1819–1875) founded a photographic company in Jersey in 1855, together with Blanquart-Evrard. The company produced prints from calotype paper negatives, waxed to render the paper translucent. Sutton was editor of Photographic Notes,[1] the fortnightly journal of the Birmingham Photographic Society (though published from Jersey) which he founded together with his partner. He published the first English Dictionary of Photography in 1858.[2] He also wrote novels, including The Photographers.

In 1859, Sutton invented a panoramic lens, constructed as two thick-walled glass hemispheres, with a spherical water-filled space between them, and designed a camera to use the lens, which was improved and produced by Ross.[3]

Sutton patented a single lens reflex camera in 1861, supposed to have been the first camera of this type in the world. The camera was manufactured by Thomas Ross and J. Dallmeyer. Sutton was also probably the photographer who made the color-separation photographs for James Clark Maxwell's demonstration of color photography.

Notes

  1. Photographic Notes Volume III (1858) Thomas Sutton, editor and publisher; in the Bodleian Library (University of Oxford), and digitised in various formats at the Internet Archive. The journal recorded an important period: the editorial in the first issue of the volume cited begins "January 1, 1858. The concluding number of our last volume contained an account of some new and extraordinary experiments in Photography, by M. Niepce de Saint Victor."
  2. Sutton, Thomas and Dawson, George (1867) A Dictionary of Photography, 2nd edition. Sampson Low, Son, and Marston (publishers), London; from the Library of the University of Michigan, and digitised in various formats at the Internet Archive.
  3. 'W.D.H.' Sphere No. 8: Thomas Sutton Panoramic Camera Lens, in Sphaera, the newsletter of the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, No. 8 (autumn 1998).


Bibliography

  • Photographic works by Sutton
    • The Calotype Process - A Hand Book , London, 1855.
    • A Treatise on the Positive Calotype Process, Bland and Long (publishers), London, 1857; in the Bodleian Library (University of Oxford), and digitised in various formats at the Internet Archive.
  • Novels
    • Unconventional, Sampson Low, Son and Marston (publishers), London, 1866; in the Bodleian Library (University of Oxford), and digitised in various formats at the Internet Archive.
    • Romance in a Yacht, Chapman and Hall, London, 1867; in the Libraries of the University of California, and digitised in various formats at the Internet Archive.