The Robot was made by Otto Berning & Co. in Schwelm, Westphalia. This internationally much advertised steel-camera designed by Heinz Kilfitt had two remarkable features, first a modern type of film advance with double exposure lock and coupled shutter cocking, and second a multi-speed kind of rotating shutter from Gauthier, made completely of metal.
Two versions of the Robot were launched in 1935: The Robot 1 and Robot 2, the Robot 1 with this feature: After release for one exposure the shutter was locked until the shutter was cocked and the film advanced with it. Both versions had the following features: The film had to be loaded into one "K-cassette". After having made the 50 possible 24x24mm exposures the film was coiled in a second K-cassette.
image by Thomas Kolesnyk (Image rights)
The Robot shutter was an own category. The cameras were equipped with fine Zeiss or Schneider lenses. The Robot 2's special feature was the most significant for the whole camera series: a strong spring motor for film advance, made by the Black Forest clock maker Baeuerle & Söhne. That allowed to make a series of images in a few seconds. Maybe this feature plus the camera's robust stainless steel body made it one of the prefered cameras of the German army. Especially the German Luftwaffe owned special versions of it with more robust spring motor and a 75mm Xenar lens. The prewar models were equipped with a hybrid finder.
In 1939 the design was changed, with the finder inside the camera top. This design is called the Robot II.
|Robot II of 1939|
image by Patrick Stacey (Image rights)
- Robot II
- military variant
- Robot IIa
- Robot SC Electronic 35
- Robot Junior
- Robot OS 35F
image by Siim Vahur (Image rights)
- Robot Recorder
- Robot Royal II/III
- Robot Star
- Robot Vollautomat Star II
- Robot Motorrecorder 36
|1950s' Robot Star without accessory shoe|
image by Rick Soloway (Image rights)
image by Raphael Borges (Image rights)
The Robot IIa was launched in 1951. It was modified for use with standard 35mm film cartridges. By 1962, the two main models were the Robot Star II and the Robot Royal.
The Robot Star II, taking 24×24mm exposures, has an all-metal Rotor shutter (1/4 to 1/500), a direct vision viewfinder, and a screw mount for interchangeable lenses by Schneider. The standard lens is a Schneider Xenon 40mm f1.9.
Also available was the Robot Star II/50, with a double spring motor for 50 exposures and a Xenar 38mm f2.8 lens.
The Robot Royal has "Kinographic" capability of 4 or 5 exposures per second. It has a coupled rangefinder, and a choice of eight bayonet-mount interchangeable lenses.
This camera was available in two versions: the Robot Royal 36s has the standard 24×36mm frame size and a Schneider Xenar 45mm f2.8 lens. The Robot Royal 24S has 24×24 mm framesize and a choice among three standard lenses, all by Schneider: Xenar 38mm f2.8, Xenon 40mm f1.9, and Xenar 45mm f2.8.
image by Philipp Reimann (Image rights)
Robot cameras were added to professional equipment, for example to microscopes, endoscopes, and ophtalmologic eye-control instruments. In medicine and other sciences the reliable cameras were popular because of the spring motor. Finally the legendary sturdiness of the Robots opened them the market of car-speed control cameras. Example: A Robot Motorrecorder 36 DAP was built into mobile eso µP 80 car-speed control instruments of the police.
The Robot I has no prefix to the serial number, others are prefixed with a letter as follows:
Robot II - B
Robot II Luftwaffen - F
Robot IIa - C
Robot Star - D
Robot Junior - J
Robot Star II - L (later Robot Star models have a 2 prefix)
Robot Royal Model III - G
Robot Royal 18, 24 - G
Robot Royal Model II - H
Robot Royal 36, 36S - Z
Robot Recorder - K
|Robot ad, Feb 1949 U.S. Camera|
image by camerawiki (Image rights)
- Documents at www.orphancameras.com: