Ricoh 500

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The Ricoh 500 is a 35 mm rangefinder camera with fixed lens made in Japan by Ricoh from 1957. Four different main types were marketed between then and 1960.

All models have some features in common :

  • The Triggermatic winding system; a folding trigger advance lever mounted on the bottom of the camera, operated with fingers of the left hand.
  • A detachable back (i.e. not hinged: the back and base, including the winding mechanism, come off for loading).
  • A coupled rangefinder, combined with the viewfinder.
  • Light Value system for setting the exposure (the Ricoh 500 was the first camera in Japan to adopt the LV system); an external selenium light meter, fitting in the accessory shoe, was available (it is not coupled to the camera).
  • Synchronisation for flash by a hot shoe, in addition to a PC socket.


The first type, from 1957, is based on the Ricoh 35S. It has a dropped section at the each end of the top housing. At the left-hand end, the rewind knob is taller than on other versions of the camera. It doesn't have a film-type reminder, which other versions do (on the bottom). It has a Seikosha-MX shutter, with speeds 1 - 1/500 second, plus 'B', and a coated, five-element Riken Ricoh 45 mm f/2.8 lens made by Tomioka.[1]




The second type, from 1958, is the most common one. It has a flat top plate, and the rewind crank and other controls are more-or-less flush with this. It has a Seikosha-MXL shutter, with speeds 1 - 1/500 second, plus 'B'. The lens is either a five-element Ricomat 45 mm f/2.8, made by Tomioka,[2] or a Rikenon 45 mm f/2.4, made by Nitto Optical (on the deluxe model).[3] The camera has dimensions 140mm x 83mm x 67mm and weighs 670 g.[2]

The Japanese Ricoh website shows an all-black example of the camera.[2]



The third type is very similar, but has the Seikosha-SLV shutter, again with speeds 1 - 1/500 second, plus 'B', but now with a self timer. The lens is the same.

The fourth type has a Riken Ricoh (not Ricomat) 45 mm f/2.8, and again a Seikosha SLV shutter. The top housing has been restyled, to accomodate a larger viewfinder, with a bright-line frame. This camera, but with an f/1.9 lens, was sold as the Ricoh Jet.



Notes

  1. Ricoh 35S in the camera list at the Japanese Ricoh website; presumably the same lens as on the first-type Ricoh 500.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ricoh 500 entry in camera list on the Japanese Ricoh website.
  3. Ricoh 500 deluxe model (in Japanese) on the Ricoh website.


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