Still camera

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A still camera (or photo apparatus) is a photographic camera which shoots stills onto film, film plates or imaging sensor, that means it shoots photographs instead of movies. Most modern digital still cameras offer a mode to record videos instead of stills, for example in VGA quality (640×480 color pixels). But these cameras and their shutters and lenses are primarily constructed and optimized for shooting stills. Usually still cameras are used for single shot photographs except in some photographic arts projects which comprise analog multi-exposure shots, thus needing cameras which allow multi-exposure.

The term photo apparatus for still camera is not very common in English or American English, sometimes used instead for special cameras, or for photographic machines like photo-boothes and others. Maybe, it had been derived as term for still camera from the French appareil photographique (photographic apparatus), which was taken over in German as the word Fotoapparat and in Russian as the word photoapparatov. The Camera department of famous British photo supply producer and camera distributor Johnsons was called Photo Apparatus Division.

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