Nihon Shōkai

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Nihon Shōkai (日本商会) was a Japanese camera distributor, already active in 1937.[1] Its address from 1937 to 1944 was Nihonbashi-ku Dōri 2–4 in Tokyo (東京市日本橋区通り二ノ四).[2] Many of the products distributed by Nihon Shōkai before 1945 were also jointly advertised by Honjō Shōkai. The company survived the war; in 1949 it was located at Bunkyō-ku Tōdai-seimon-mae (東京都文京区東大正門前), facing the main gate of the Tōdai university.[3]

Nihon Shōkai sold a Walz camera in 1937 and various Walz accessories before and after the war; it was certainly the owner of the Walz brand name, and perhaps the predecessor of Walz Shōkai.

Contents

Cameras distributed as main distributor

Cameras distributed as authorized dealer

Other

  • Walz filters and hood (c.1939–48)[13][12][14]
  • Walz accessory rangefinder (c.1939)[13]
  • Walz close-up rangefinder device, copy of the Contameter (c.1939)[13]
  • Foca-Finder (c.1941, see Semi Minolta)[15]
  • Walz accessory rangefinder (c.1948–9)[14][3]
  • Walz self-timer (c.1948–9)[14][3]
  • Walz flash unit (c.1949)[3]
  • Walz tripod (c.1949)[3]
  • Walz enlarger, with Walz Anastigmat f/4.5 (c.1940)[4]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Advertisement in Asahi Graph, June 16, 1937, reproduced at Gochamaze.
  2. Advertisements reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, pp.58, 78 and 107, in Gochamaze and in Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku, pp.40 and 64.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Advertisement in Ars Camera February 1949, p.27.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Leaflet Waltax 4.5 / 6, c.1940.
  5. Advertisement in Hōdō Shashin April 1942, reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.107.
  6. Advertisement dated 1942 reproduced in Nostalgic Camera by Toshio Inamura.
  7. advertisement in Asahi Graph, March 3, 1943, reproduced at Gochamaze.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Advertisement on the second cover of Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin, February 15, 1944, reproduced on p.64 of Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku.
  9. Advertisement in Hōdō Shashin May 1943, reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.78.
  10. Advertisement in Hōdō Shashin March 1942, reproduced at Gochamaze and in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.58.
  11. Advertisements published in the December 1941 and March 1942 issues of Hōdō Shashin, reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, pp.58 and 60.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Advertisement in Asahi Graph, December 22, 1943, reproduced at Gochamaze.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Advertisement on p.6 of Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin, December 15, 1939, reproduced on p.40 of Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Advertisement on p.3 of Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin, April 20, 1948, reproduced on p.81 of Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku.
  15. Noma, p.71, attributes this accessory to "Walz".

Bibliography

  • Ars Camera. Advertisement by Nihon Shōkai in February 1949 (p.27).
  • Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7.
  • Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin (日本写真興業通信). Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku (百号ごと十回の記録, Ten records, every hundred issues). Tokyo: Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin Sha (日本写真興業通信社), 1967. No ISBN number. Advertisements on p.40, corresponding to p.6 of the December 15, 1939 issue, on p.64, corresponding to the second cover of the February 15, 1944 issue, and on p.81, corresponding to p.3 of the April 20, 1948 issue.
  • Nihon Shōkai and Photo News Sha. Waltax 4.5 / 6. Leaflet published c.1940 (date not indicated). Document reproduced in this Flickr set by Rebollo_fr.
  • Noma Toshio (野間俊夫). Kyorikei-tsuki kamera no henpo (距離計付きカメラの変遷, Evolution of rangefinder cameras). Gendai Kamera Shinsho (現代カメラ新書) 65. Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1979. No ISBN number. Pp.70–1. (On the Foca-Finder.)

Links

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