Camera-wiki.org:Document in public domain, before 1923

From Camera-wiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search

Anonymous documents published before January 1st, 1923 are in the public domain in the following jurisdictions:

  • the United States, where any document published before January 1st, 1923 is in the public domain;[1]
  • the European Union, where the copyright for an anonymous work expires 70 years after its first publication;[2]
  • Japan, where the copyright for an anonymous work expires 50 years after its first publication.[3]

Advertising material published by a company follows the same rules as anonymous documents, unless (a) it is explicitly signed by an individual or (b) some individual later claimed to be the original author.


  1. Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States, 1 January 2007, by Peter B. Hirtle.
  2. Council Directive 93/98/EEC of 29 October 1993 harmonizing the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights, art.1.
  3. Copyright law of Japan (from the CRIC website), chapter II, section 4.
Personal tools

Variants
Actions
Navigation
External
Tools