Difference between revisions of "Supreme lenses"

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|| ''Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.542029. Picture courtesy of eBayer toolchest. {{with permission}}.''
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| ''Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.542029. Picture courtesy of eBayer toolchest. {{with permission}}.''
 
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The '''Supreme''' (スープリーム or スュープリーム)<REF> The ''katakana'' spelling スープリーム is found in all the original advertisements, but the article by Ogihara Akira, p.27 of {{SK}} no.1, has スュープリーム instead. </REF> lenses were made by Orion Seiki, later Orion Camera then [[Miranda|Miranda Camera]].
 
The '''Supreme''' (スープリーム or スュープリーム)<REF> The ''katakana'' spelling スープリーム is found in all the original advertisements, but the article by Ogihara Akira, p.27 of {{SK}} no.1, has スュープリーム instead. </REF> lenses were made by Orion Seiki, later Orion Camera then [[Miranda|Miranda Camera]].
  
 
== Lenses in [[39mm screw lenses|Leica screw mount]] ==
 
== Lenses in [[39mm screw lenses|Leica screw mount]] ==
 
=== Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 ===
 
=== Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 ===
The '''Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5''' is only known from an article by Orima Isamu in {{KKS}}.<REF> Orima, pp.104–6 of {{KKS}} no.24. </REF> In this document, it appears on a viewfinder-only [[Chiyoca and Chiyotax|Chiyoca 35]], which was passed to the author by Ogihara Akira (荻原彰), founder of [[Miranda|Orion]]. No other example is known, and the lens was perhaps a prototype. The serial number is 510418 — the two first digits might indicate that the lens was designed or produced in 1951 but this is unsure.
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The '''Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5''' is only known from an article by Orima Isamu in {{KKS}}.<REF> Orima, pp.104–6 of {{KKS}} no.24. </REF> In this document, it appears on a viewfinder-only [[Chiyoca and Chiyotax|Chiyoca 35]], which was passed to Mr. Orima by Ogihara Akira (荻原彰), founder of [[Miranda|Orion]]. No other example is known, and the lens was perhaps a prototype. The serial number is 510418 — the two first digits might indicate that the lens was designed or produced in 1951 but this is unsure.
  
 
The lens is probably coupled to the rangefinder but this is not confirmed.<REF> The lens was found on a viewfinder-only camera, hence the doubt. </REF> The lens owner reports that it has three elements, judging from the number of reflections;<REF> Orima, pp.105 of {{KKS}} no.24. </REF> this is however strange on a 5cm f/3.5 lens in [[39mm screw lenses|Leica screw mount]], where one would expect a [[Tessar]] formula with four elements.
 
The lens is probably coupled to the rangefinder but this is not confirmed.<REF> The lens was found on a viewfinder-only camera, hence the doubt. </REF> The lens owner reports that it has three elements, judging from the number of reflections;<REF> Orima, pp.105 of {{KKS}} no.24. </REF> this is however strange on a 5cm f/3.5 lens in [[39mm screw lenses|Leica screw mount]], where one would expect a [[Tessar]] formula with four elements.
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=== Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 ===
 
=== Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 ===
The '''Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5''' is very rare too. It has an all chrome rigid barrel. The focus ring has a tab and an infinity lock, and is coupled to the rangefinder. The distance scale is engraved in feet, from ∞ to 3½ft. The front part of the barrel rotates when focusing. The aperture ring, graduated from 3.5 to 16, has two milled ears for prehension. The front rim is engraved ''Orion Seiki Supreme 1:3.5 f=3.5cm No.xxxxxx''. The lens was sold in a dark red jewel box, with an ''ORION'' logo stamped at the top. It came with an external viewfinder, for which there is a space in the jewel box; the actual example pictured below has been found with an all chrome cylindrical finder, engraved ''35mm'' at the top, which is certainly original.
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The '''Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5''' is very rare too. It has an all chrome rigid barrel. The focus ring has a tab and an infinity lock, and is coupled to the rangefinder. The distance scale is engraved in feet, from ∞ to 3½ft. The front part of the barrel rotates when focusing. The aperture ring, graduated from 3.5 to 16, has two milled ears for gripping. The front rim is engraved ''Orion Seiki Supreme 1:3.5 f=3.5cm No.xxxxxx''. The lens was sold in a dark red jewel box, with an ''ORION'' logo stamped at the top. It came with an external viewfinder, for which there is a space in the jewel box; the actual example pictured below has been found with an all chrome cylindrical finder, engraved ''35mm'' at the top, which is certainly original.
  
 
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|| ''Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 no.510603. Pictures courtesy of [http://www.svdpusa.org/ St. Vincent de Paul] in Bremerton, WA. {{with permission}}.''
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| ''Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 no.510603. Pictures courtesy of [http://www.svdpusa.org/ St. Vincent de Paul] in Bremerton, WA. {{with permission}}.''
 
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An isolated example has been observed with a black bezel and white markings; its serial number may be in the 50xxxx range.<REF> Lens pictured in Awano, p.124 of {{KKS}} no.32. </REF> Other examples have black markings on a chrome bezel; the confirmed serial numbers are 510464 and 510603.<REF> Lens no.510464 sold as [http://www.westlicht-auction.com/index.php?id=133073&acat=133073&offset=3&_ssl=off lot no.397] of [http://www.westlicht-auction.com/index.php?lang=3 Westlicht] auction no.14; lens no.510603 observed in an online auction. Lens no.510465 has been reported too, but is unconfirmed. </REF> On lens no.510603, the aperture scale is repeated on the bottom side. This feature, which is lacking from the earlier examples, was certainly added to make the scale visible from above whatever the focusing distance. The 510xxx numbers are only slightly later than that of the Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 — the "51" prefix might indicate the design or production year.
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An isolated example has been observed with a black bezel and white markings; its serial number may be in the 50xxxx range.<REF> Lens pictured in Awano, p.124 of {{KKS}} no.32. </REF> Other examples have black markings on a chrome bezel; the confirmed serial numbers are 510464 and 510603.<REF> Lens no.510464 sold as lot no.397 of Westlicht auction no.14 (see the links below); lens no.510603 observed in an online auction. Lens no.510465 has been reported too, but is unconfirmed. </REF> On lens no.510603, the aperture scale is repeated on the bottom side. This feature, which is lacking from the earlier examples, was certainly added to make the scale visible from above whatever the focusing distance. The 510xxx numbers are only slightly later than that of the Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 — the "51" prefix might indicate the design or production year.
  
 
== Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 ==
 
== Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 ==
The '''Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8''' lens has four elements in four groups.<REF name="SK63"> Table of interchangeable lenses in {{SK}} Summer 1957, p.109. </REF> It was made by Orion itself, from an optical design by Mr. Koide (小出), who was working for the company Hokushin Denki (北辰電気) at the time.<REF> Hagiya, p.10 of {{KKS}} no.64. Hokushin Denki was a produced of electric equipment, see the [http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8C%97%E8%BE%B0%E9%9B%BB%E6%A9%9F%E8%A3%BD%E4%BD%9C%E6%89%80 Japanese Wikipedia page on the company]. </REF>
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The '''Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8''' lens has four elements in four groups.<REF name="SK63"> Table of interchangeable lenses in {{SK}} Summer 1957, p.109. </REF> It was made by Orion itself, from an optical design by Mr. Koide (小出), who was working for the company Hokushin Denki (北辰電気) at the time.<REF> Hagiya, p.10 of {{KKS}} no.64. Hokushin Denki was a produced of electric equipment, see the [http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8C%97%E8%BE%B0%E9%9B%BB%E6%A9%9F%E8%A3%BD%E4%BD%9C%E6%89%80 Japanese Wikipedia page on the company]. </REF> All the versions have a 44mm screw mount, for the [[Mirax]], [[Focabell]] and [[Miranda]], differing by the film-to-flange distance.
  
 
=== Manual lenses, for the [[Mirax]] and [[Focabell]] ===
 
=== Manual lenses, for the [[Mirax]] and [[Focabell]] ===
The Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 was first made with a manual diaphragm. All the versions have the 44mm screw mount used on the [[Mirax]] and [[Focabell]], physically identical to that of the later [[Miranda]] SLR, but with a different film-to-flange distance. The '''Supreme-A''' fits the Mirax-A, for [[39mm screw lenses|Leica screw mount]] cameras, and the '''Supreme-B''' fits the Mirax-B, for [[Contax rangefinder|Contax]] or [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon]] cameras. The lens head was sold alone as the '''Supreme-C''', for the [[Focabell]] bellows unit.
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The Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 was first made with a '''manual''' diaphragm, until the release of the [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda T]]. The '''Supreme-A''' fits the Mirax-A, for [[39mm screw lenses|Leica screw mount]] cameras, the '''Supreme-B''' fits the Mirax-B, for [[Contax rangefinder|Contax]] or [[Nikon rangefinder models|Nikon]] cameras. The lens head was sold alone as the '''Supreme-C''', for the [[Focabell]] bellows unit.  
  
 
==== Description ====
 
==== Description ====
The Supreme-C lens head is all chrome, with fine mills on the aperture ring, and has protruding rear elements. The lens name is engraved on the side, around the rim: ''Orion Camera Co. Supreme 1:2.8 f=10.5cm'', and the serial number has six digits. The first two look like they might indicate the year of production, but this is certainly misleading (see [[Mirax]]).
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The Supreme-C manual lens head is all chrome, with fine mills on the aperture ring, and has protruding rear elements. The lens name is engraved on the side, around the rim: ''Orion Camera Co. Supreme 1:2.8 f=10.5cm'', and the serial number has six digits. The first two look like they might indicate the year of production, but this is certainly misleading (see [[Mirax]]).
  
 
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|| ''Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8 on a [[Mirax|Mirax-A]].<br><small>From {{FAR}} no.80, June 1955. {{public domain Japan new}}<small>''
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| ''Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8 on a [[Mirax|Mirax-A]].<br><small>From {{FAR}} no.80, June 1955. {{public domain Japan new}}<small>''
|| ''Supreme-B 10.5cm f/2.8 on a [[Mirax|Mirax-B]].<br><small>From {{SK}} May 1953. {{public domain Japan new}}<small>''
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| ''Supreme-B 10.5cm f/2.8 on a [[Mirax|Mirax-B]].<br><small>From {{SK}} May 1953. {{public domain Japan new}}<small>''
 
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The Supreme-A and B have an all chrome barrel, assorted to the head, with fine mills on the base and focus ring. The distance scale in engraved in feet, down to 5ft. The barrel is inscribed ''for Mirax–A'' (or presumably ''for Mirax–B'') in front of the focus ring. They presumably only differ by the length of the barrel, because the film register of the Mirax-B is longer than that of the Mirax-A. When detached, the lens head is indistinguishable from the Supreme-C.
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The Supreme-A and B have an all chrome barrel in a similar finish, with fine mills on the base and focus ring. The distance scale is engraved in feet, down to 5ft. The barrel is inscribed ''for Mirax–A'' (or presumably ''for Mirax–B'') in front of the focus ring. They presumably only differ by the length of the barrel, because the film register of the Mirax-B is longer than that of the Mirax-A, so the Mirax-B focusing mount should be shorter. When detached, the lens head is indistinguishable from the Supreme-C.
  
 
==== Variations ====
 
==== Variations ====
Small changes were applied during the production of the manual model. On the '''early lenses''', the aperture ring goes from 2.8 to 16 in the clockwise direction (as seen from the front), and the protrusion at the rear of the lens head is all chrome. Serial numbers are known in the 53xxxx range, from 530208 to 531249.
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Small changes were applied during the production of the manual model. On the '''early lenses''', the aperture ring turns from 2.8 to 16 in the clockwise direction (as seen from the front), and the protrusion at the rear of the lens head is all chrome. Serial numbers are known in the 53xxxx range, from 530208 to 531249.
  
 
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|| ''Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.530208, alone or mounted on a [[Mirax|Mirax-B]] and [[Focabell]] via close-up rings.<br>Pictures courtesy of [http://www.igorcamera.com/ Igor's Camera Exchange]. {{with permission}}.''
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| ''Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.530208, alone or mounted on a [[Mirax|Mirax-B]] and [[Focabell]] via close-up rings.<br>Pictures courtesy of [http://www.igorcamera.com/ Igor's Camera Exchange]. {{with permission}}.''
 
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|| ''Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.542029.<br>Left: with jewel case and rear cap. Right: on a [[Mirax|Mirax-B]] and [[Focabell]] outfit.<br>Pictures courtesy of eBayer toolchest {{with permission}}.''
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| ''Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.542029.<br>Left: with jewel case and rear cap. Right: on a [[Mirax|Mirax-B]] and [[Focabell]] outfit.<br>Pictures courtesy of eBayer toolchest {{with permission}}.''
 
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==== Commercial life ====
 
==== Commercial life ====
 
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|| ''[[Mirax|Mirax-A]] and Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8 lens no.510808, on a [[Leica]] camera.<br>From a typewritten sheet on the Mirax. Scan by Jeffrey Felton. {{public domain Japan new}}''
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| ''[[Mirax|Mirax-A]] and Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8 lens no.510808, on a [[Leica IIIb]].<br>From a typewritten sheet on the Mirax. Scan by Jeffrey Felton. {{public domain Japan new}}''
 
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|| ''Brochure for the [[Mirax]], [[Focabell]] and Supreme, c.1953 (extract).<br>Scan by Jeffrey Felton. {{public domain Japan new}}''
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| ''Brochure for the [[Mirax]], [[Focabell]] and Supreme, c.1953 (extract).<br>Scan by Jeffrey Felton. {{public domain Japan new}}''
 
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The above Japanese brochure, dated c.1953, shows the Supreme-A and C, and lists a number of accessories.<REF name="brochure 53"> Brochure ''Mirax & Focabell, Orion Camera's Product's''. </REF> It gives various catalogue numbers, which are otherwise unheard of. Those for the Supreme-A, B and C 10.5cm f/2.8 are respectively 200A, 200B and 200C.
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The above Japanese brochure, dated c.1953, shows the Supreme-A and C, and lists a number of accessories.<REF name="brochure 53"> Brochure ''Mirax & Focabell, Orion Camera's Product's''. </REF> It gives various catalogue numbers, which are otherwise unheard of. Those for the Supreme-A, B and C 10.5cm f/2.8 are respectively 200A, 200B and 200C. The brochure reproduced below is slightly later (c.1954), and supposedly shows the three versions side by side.<REF name="brochure 54"> Brochure ''Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell.'' </REF>
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|-
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| ''Brochure for the [[Mirax]], [[Focabell]] and Supreme, c.1954 (extract).<br>Scan by Jeffrey Felton. {{public domain Japan new}}''
 +
|}
  
 
The lens head appears for ¥18,700 in an advertisement by [[Matsushima]] in {{ACA}} November 1953. All three lenses are listed in the June 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, both in the main text and in the advertisement placed by the distributor [[Matsushima]]; the price for the Supreme-A and B is given as ¥25,000, and that of the Supreme-C is ¥18,800.<REF> June 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, advertisement on p.22 and column on p.119. </REF>
 
The lens head appears for ¥18,700 in an advertisement by [[Matsushima]] in {{ACA}} November 1953. All three lenses are listed in the June 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, both in the main text and in the advertisement placed by the distributor [[Matsushima]]; the price for the Supreme-A and B is given as ¥25,000, and that of the Supreme-C is ¥18,800.<REF> June 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, advertisement on p.22 and column on p.119. </REF>
  
 
{| class="plainlinks" align="center" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="plainlinks" align="center" style="text-align: center;"
|| [http://flickr.com/photos/rebollo_fr/3313831217/in/pool-camerapedia/ http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3524/3313831217_47b1c64300_m_d.jpg] [http://flickr.com/photos/rebollo_fr/3312371370/in/pool-camerapedia/ http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3603/3312371370_3cb45f8909_m_d.jpg]
+
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/32726817747/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/32726817747_2983ec6cd4_m_d.jpg] [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/47674607221/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/47674607221_2af55f059d_m_d.jpg]
 
|-
 
|-
|| ''Advertisements listing the Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8, in {{ACA}} November 1953<br>and the June 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}. {{public domain Japan new}}.''
+
| ''Advertisements listing the Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8, in {{ACA}} November 1953<br>and the June 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}. {{public domain Japan new}}.''
 
|}
 
|}
  
==== Box and accessories ====
+
The Supreme-A, B and C were sold for some time after the introduction of the [[Miranda]] SLR. The Supreme-A and B manual lenses are pictured in an advertisement for the [[Miranda B]] placed by [[Miranda|Miranda Camera]] in {{ACA}} February 1959, shortly before the products of the company ceased to be distributed in Japan.<REF> Advertisement reproduced in {{Kokusan}}, p.306. </REF> The picture shows many other [[Miranda]] products, including the [[Mirax]], [[Focabell]] and Supreme-D preset lens (see below). The Supreme-C lens head is also visible in the user manual of the Miranda ST, released in 1960.<REF name="Miranda ST manual"> User manual of the Miranda ST. </REF>
 +
 
 +
Various lists of interchangeable lenses dated 1959 and 1960 mention the Supreme-A, B and C as having a preset diaphragm,<REF name="SK84"> Table of interchangeable lenses in {{SK}} April 1959, p.367. </REF><REF name="SK87"> Table of interchangeable lenses in {{SK}} July 1959, p.54. </REF><REF name="SK101"> Table of interchangeable lenses in {{SK}} September 1960, p.32. </REF> but the 1959 and 1960 pictures make this very unlikely. The price at the time was ¥25,000 for the A and B, and ¥18,000 for the lens head.<REF name="SK84" /><REF name="SK87" /><REF name="SK101" />
 +
 
 +
==== Boxes and accessories ====
 
{| class="plainlinks floatright" width=200px style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="plainlinks floatright" width=200px style="text-align: center;"
|| [http://flickr.com/photos/rebollo_fr/3600374032/in/pool-camerapedia/ http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3356/3600374032_e8e2048455_t_d.jpg]
+
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/40677960043/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/40677960043_c24316d516_t_d.jpg]
 
|-
 
|-
|| ''Adapter to use the Supreme-A on the Exakta. <small>From a Mirax brochure. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
+
| ''M-E adapter, to use the Supreme-A on the Exakta. <small>From a Mirax brochure. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
 
|}
 
|}
The Supreme-A and B were sold in a red jewel case, inscribed ''MIRAX–A'' (or certainly ''MIRAX–B'') and ''TELEPHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm'', with the company name ''ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO''. The Supreme-C came in a smaller red jewel case, inscribed ''FOCABELL TELE–PHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO'', contained in a reddish brown cardboard box.
+
The Supreme-A and B were sold in a red jewel case, inscribed ''MIRAX–A'' (or certainly ''MIRAX–B'') and ''TELEPHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm'', with the company name ''ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO''. The Supreme-C came in a smaller red jewel case, inscribed ''FOCABELL TELE–PHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO'', contained in a reddish brown cardboard outer box.
  
 
All the lenses have an all chrome push-on front cap. Early ones are simply engraved ''ORION''; later ones have ''SUPREME'' and ''Orion Camera Co.'' markings. The Supreme-C was supplied with a long rear cap, inscribed ''Focabell Lens'' on the side, to protect the protruding rear elements.
 
All the lenses have an all chrome push-on front cap. Early ones are simply engraved ''ORION''; later ones have ''SUPREME'' and ''Orion Camera Co.'' markings. The Supreme-C was supplied with a long rear cap, inscribed ''Focabell Lens'' on the side, to protect the protruding rear elements.
Line 106: Line 115:
 
An adapter was offered as a separate accessory to attach the Supreme-A on the [[Exakta]] camera ('''M-E''' adapter, #1020).<REF name="brochure 53" /><REF name="brochure 54"> Brochure ''Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell.'' </REF>
 
An adapter was offered as a separate accessory to attach the Supreme-A on the [[Exakta]] camera ('''M-E''' adapter, #1020).<REF name="brochure 53" /><REF name="brochure 54"> Brochure ''Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell.'' </REF>
  
=== Supreme-D, for the [[Miranda]] ===
+
=== Preset lenses, for the [[Miranda]] SLR ===
The '''Supreme-D''' is a version for SLR cameras, sold at ¥28,000.<REF name="FAR87"> Table in the October 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, pp.66–7. This document contains various mistakes. </REF><REF name="SK63" /> In the October 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, it is reported to have an [[Asahiflex]] mount, perhaps by mistake.<REF name="FAR87" /> The Summer 1957 issue of {{SK}} mentions the lens in [[Miranda]] mount, which seems more plausible.<REF name="SK63" />
+
The '''Supreme-D''' preset lens was released in 1955 for the [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda]] SLR camera.
 +
 
 +
==== First version ====
 +
{| class="plainlinks floatright" width=250px style="text-align: center;"
 +
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/32745779097/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/32745779097_f8045fb6b0_m_d.jpg]
 +
|-
 +
| ''Early Supreme-D 10.5cm f/2.8: detached lens head on a [[Focabell|Focabell-AII]] and [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda T]]. <small>From {{SK}} September 1955. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
 +
|}
 +
{| class="plainlinks" align="center" width=500px style="text-align: center;"
 +
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/47698030631/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/47698030631_53bbac7c38_d.jpg]
 +
|-
 +
| ''Early Supreme-D 10.5cm f/2.8, for [[Miranda]]. <small>From {{SK}} September 1955. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
 +
|}
 +
The '''early version''' of the Supreme-D looks very similar to the manual Supreme-A and B. It has a bright chrome finish and fine mills on the focus ring, aperture and preset rings and base mount. The head can be detached for use on the [[Focabell]]. This version of the lens is only known from two pictures — reproduced on the right — in an article by Ogihara Akira presenting the [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda T]] in {{SK}} September 1955.<REF name="Ogihara 09/55 p163"> Ogihara, p.163 of {{SK}} September 1955. </REF>
 +
 
 +
==== Regular version ====
 +
{| class="plainlinks floatright" width=250px style="text-align: center;"
 +
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/40735508583/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/40735508583_d9e1562c6f_m_d.jpg]
 +
|-
 +
| ''Regular Supreme-D 10.5cm f/2.8, for [[Miranda]]. <small>From the Miranda T user manual. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
 +
|}
 +
The '''regular version''' of the preset Supreme-D has a different barrel, with knurled sections on the focus ring, aperture and preset rings and base mount. The moving rings have a frosted texture, and the fixed parts are polished. There is a single aperture scale, placed between the aperture and preset rings. The lens sometimes comes in a box inscribed ''MIRANDA <small>INTERCHANGEABLE LENS</small>''.<REF> Example formerly pictured in a page on tele lenses of the [http://miranda.s32.xrea.com/index.htm Miranda Society Japan]. </REF>
  
[http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/MSJ_html/lens/telephoto-lens.html The page on tele lenses of the Miranda Society Japan] shows a lens reported as a Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 in [[Miranda]] mount. That lens has an alloy barrel instead of the chromed brass barrel of the previous Supreme. Four knurled rows are visible: at the base, on the focus ring, and on either side of the aperture scale, apparently for a preset diaphragm. The lens comes in a box inscribed ''MIRANDA <small>INTERCHANGEABLE LENS</small>'', unmistakably indicating that it was made for the Miranda SLR.
+
{| class="plainlinks floatleft" width=250px style="text-align: center;"
 +
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/46785825485/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/46785825485_9b213f6169_m_d.jpg]
 +
|-
 +
| ''Supreme-H 10.5cm f/2.8 on a [[Focabell|Focabell-AII]] and [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda T]]. <small>From the Miranda T user manual. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
 +
|}
 +
The lens head is detachable, and can be mounted on a [[Focabell]] bellows. According to the [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda T]] user manual, the head alone is called '''Supreme-H''', but it is unclear if it was sold separately.<REF> User manual of the Miranda T, pp.15 and 17. </REF> It is longer than the manual Supreme-C, and perhaps does not have protruding rear elements.
  
=== Supreme-H lens head for the [[Focabell]] ===
+
==== Commercial life and documents ====
[http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/MSJ_html/lens/telephoto-lens.html The same page of the Miranda Society Japan] also quotes a catalogue for the Miranda T mentioning the Supreme lens, which says that "the lens head can be removed, transforming the lens into a Supreme H for use on the Focabell". The October 1955 table entry reproduced above also has a '''Supreme-H''', but gives no indication of the price or lens mount.<REF name="FAR87" /> This might plausibly correspond to the lens head of the newer version of the lens, renamed to distinguish it from the former Supreme-C (with H for <u>H</u>ead instead of the alphabetical order previously used).
+
The Supreme-D first appeared in the September 1955 article by Ogihara.<REF name="Ogihara 09/55 p163" /> The October 1955 special issue of {{FAR}} lists a Supreme-D for ¥28,000 in [[Asahiflex]] mount, and a Supreme-H with no detail.<REF name="FAR87"> Table in the October 1955 special issue of {{FAR}}, pp.66–7. </REF> (This document is not very reliable and the mention of the Asahiflex mount is surely mistaken.)
  
[http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/MSJ_html/lens/macron.html The page on macro lenses] of the same website shows the detached lens head, with the two knurled rows surrounding the aperture scale, mounted on a [[Focabell]] bellows. This lens head is longer than the former Supreme-C, and perhaps does not have protruding rear elements. It certainly corresponds to the Supreme-H.
+
The regular version of the preset Supreme-D is pictured in an advertisement reportedly dated 1956, indicating that it was already produced at the time. Other advertisements for the [[Miranda T]] mention the lens, notably those in {{ACA}} January and May 1957, confirming the price of ¥28,000.<REF> Advertisements in {{ACA}} January 1957, p.93, and May 1957, p.219. </REF> The Supreme-D continues to appear in various lists of interchangeable lenses at least until 1960,<REF name="SK63" /><REF name="SK73"> Table of interchangeable lenses in {{SK}} May 1958, p.423. </REF><REF name="SK84" /><REF name="SK87" /><REF name="SK101" /> and is still pictured in the user manual of the Miranda ST, issued the same year.<REF name="Miranda ST manual" />
 +
 
 +
{| class="plainlinks" align="center" style="text-align: center;"
 +
| width=250px | [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/47702023891/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/47702023891_c44c90ca74_m_d.jpg]
 +
| width=400px | [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/47648894072/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/47648894072_71be0a3574_m_d.jpg] [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/33824698038/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/33824698038_b7e616a76c_m_d.jpg]
 +
|-
 +
| ''Advertisement showing the Supreme-D 10.5cm f/2.8, dated 1956. Scan by Jeffrey Felton. {{public domain Japan new}}''
 +
| ''Advertisements listing the Supreme-D 10.5cm f/2.8, in {{ACA}} January and May 1957. {{public domain Japan new}}''
 +
|}
  
 
== Cine lenses ==
 
== Cine lenses ==
 
{| class="plainlinks floatright" width=250px style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="plainlinks floatright" width=250px style="text-align: center;"
|| [http://flickr.com/photos/rebollo_fr/3601043868/in/pool-camerapedia/ http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3381/3601043868_db82ee52f4_m_d.jpg]
+
| [http://flickr.com/photos/camerawiki/32758766247/in/pool-camerawiki/ https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/32758766247_14f3c24acb_m_d.jpg]
 
|-
 
|-
|| ''Supreme 3in f/2.8 and other cine lenses. <small> From a Mirax brochure. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
+
| ''Supreme 3in f/2.8 and other cine lenses. <small> From a Mirax brochure. {{public domain Japan new}}</small>''
 
|}
 
|}
 
Various cine lenses are listed in a Japanese brochure dated about 1953 (reproduced above for the 10.5cm f/2.8).<REF name="brochure 53" />
 
Various cine lenses are listed in a Japanese brochure dated about 1953 (reproduced above for the 10.5cm f/2.8).<REF name="brochure 53" />
Line 135: Line 178:
 
== Bibliography ==
 
== Bibliography ==
 
=== Original documents ===
 
=== Original documents ===
* {{ACA}}. Advertisement by the photo department of [[Matsushima]] in November 1953 (p.59).
+
* {{ACA}}. Advertisement by the photo department of [[Matsushima]] in November 1953, p.59.
 +
* {{ACA}}. Advertisement by [[Matsushima|Matsushima Shashin-yōhin]] in January 1957, p.93.
 +
* {{ACA}}. Advertisement by [[Asanuma Shōkai]] in May 1957, p.219.
 +
* Kitano Kunio (北野邦雄). "Orijinaru kokusan kamera 3: Asahifurekkusu." (オリジナル国産カメラ・3・アサヒフレックス, Original Japanese cameras 3: the Asahiflex). In {{SK}} no.35, May 1955. Pp.369–72. (This article is mainly on the Asahiflex, but mentions the Focabell and Supreme lens head.)
 +
* [[Miranda|Miranda Camera]]. User manual of the Miranda ST, c.1960.
 
* Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu ni tsuite" (ミラックスについて, About the Mirax). In {{SK}} no.1, June 1952. Pp.26–7.
 
* Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu ni tsuite" (ミラックスについて, About the Mirax). In {{SK}} no.1, June 1952. Pp.26–7.
 
* Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu no kōzō to tokusei" (ミラックスの構造と特性, Construction and special features of the Mirax). In {{SK}} no.12, May 1953. Pp.275–7.
 
* Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu no kōzō to tokusei" (ミラックスの構造と特性, Construction and special features of the Mirax). In {{SK}} no.12, May 1953. Pp.275–7.
Line 143: Line 190:
 
* [[Miranda|Orion Camera]]. ''Mirax & Focabell, Orion Camera's Product's.'' (ミラックスとフォーカベル, Orion Camera's product's.) Brochure in Japanese language, c.1953.
 
* [[Miranda|Orion Camera]]. ''Mirax & Focabell, Orion Camera's Product's.'' (ミラックスとフォーカベル, Orion Camera's product's.) Brochure in Japanese language, c.1953.
 
* [[Miranda|Orion Camera]]. ''Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell.'' Brochure in English language, c.1954.
 
* [[Miranda|Orion Camera]]. ''Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell.'' Brochure in English language, c.1954.
 +
* [[Miranda|Orion Camera Co., Ltd.]] ''Miranda.'' User manual of the [[Miranda T and TII|Miranda T]], c.1955. Reproduced in [http://www.flickr.com/photos/rebollo_fr/sets/72157619638911595/ this Flickr set].
 
* {{FAR80}}
 
* {{FAR80}}
 
** Advertisement by the photo department of [[Matsushima|Matsushima Megane-ten]] on p.22.
 
** Advertisement by the photo department of [[Matsushima|Matsushima Megane-ten]] on p.22.
Line 149: Line 197:
 
* {{SK}} no.26, July 1954. Picture on the front cover.
 
* {{SK}} no.26, July 1954. Picture on the front cover.
 
* {{SK}} no.63, Summer 1957. "Nihon no kamera zenbō: Kōkan renzu ichiran" (日本のカメラ全貌・交換レンズ一らん, Compendium of Japanese cameras: Table of interchangeable lenses). Pp.108–9.
 
* {{SK}} no.63, Summer 1957. "Nihon no kamera zenbō: Kōkan renzu ichiran" (日本のカメラ全貌・交換レンズ一らん, Compendium of Japanese cameras: Table of interchangeable lenses). Pp.108–9.
 +
* {{SK}} no.73, May 1958. "35-miri ichigan-refu yō kōkan renzu to akusesarī" (35ミリ1眼レフ用交換レンズとアクセサリー, Interchangeable lenses and accessories for 35mm SLR cameras). Pp.422–3.
 +
* {{SK}} no.84, April 1959. "Kokusan ichigan-refu yō kōkan renzu ichiranhyō" (国産一眼レフ用交換レンズ一覧表, Table of interchangeable lenses for Japanese SLR cameras). P.367.
 +
* {{SK}} no.87, July 1959. "Kokusan bōen renzu ichiran-hyō" (国産望遠レンズ一覧表, Table of Japanese tele lenses). P.54.
 +
* {{SK}} no.101, September 1960. "35-miri ichigan-refu kamera yō sen'yō kōkan renzu ichiran" (35ミリ一眼レフカメラ用専用交換レンズ一覧, Table of lenses dedicated to SLR cameras). Pp.32–3.
  
 
=== Recent sources ===
 
=== Recent sources ===
 +
* {{Showa10}} Advertisement for item 1676.
 
* Awano Mikio (粟野幹男) and Maeda Daisuke (前田大介). "Kokusan Raika maunto renzu 3: Mezurashii renzu 1" (国産ライかマウントレンズ 3 珍しいレンズ 1, Japanese Leica-mount lenses 3: Rare lenses 1). In {{KKS032}} Pp.122–5. (Shows a Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5.)
 
* Awano Mikio (粟野幹男) and Maeda Daisuke (前田大介). "Kokusan Raika maunto renzu 3: Mezurashii renzu 1" (国産ライかマウントレンズ 3 珍しいレンズ 1, Japanese Leica-mount lenses 3: Rare lenses 1). In {{KKS032}} Pp.122–5. (Shows a Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5.)
 
* Hagiya Takeshi (萩谷剛). "Miranda Sutōrī" (ミランダ・ストーリー, Miranda story). In {{KKS064}} Pp.9–12.
 
* Hagiya Takeshi (萩谷剛). "Miranda Sutōrī" (ミランダ・ストーリー, Miranda story). In {{KKS064}} Pp.9–12.
Line 158: Line 211:
 
== Links ==
 
== Links ==
 
In English:
 
In English:
* Past sales by [http://www.westlicht-auction.com/index.php?lang=3 Westlicht]:
+
* Past sales by Westlicht Photographica Auction (now [https://www.leitz-auction.com/auction/en/home Leitz Photographica Auction]):
** Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 in Leica screw mount: [http://www.westlicht-auction.com/index.php?id=133073&acat=133073&offset=3&_ssl=off lot no.397] of auction no.14 (November 30, 2008)
+
** [https://wlpa.auction2000.se/auk/w.Object?inC=WLPA&inA=14&inO=397 Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 in Leica screw mount], serial no. 510464, sold as lot no.397 of [https://wlpa.auction2000.se/auk/w.ObjectList?inSiteLang=&inC=WLPA&inA=14 auction no.14 (November 30, 2008)]
** Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head with [[Mirax]] reflex housing: [http://www.westlicht-auction.com/index.php?id=54394&acat=54394&offset=2&_ssl=off lot no.365] of auction no.9 (May 20, 2006)
+
** [https://wlpa.auction2000.se/auk/w.Object?inC=WLPA&inA=9&inO=365 Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens], serial no. 561020, with [[Mirax]] reflex housing, serial no. 540672, sold as lot no.365 of [https://wlpa.auction2000.se/auk/w.ObjectList?inSiteLang=&inC=WLPA&inA=9 auction no.9 (May 20, 2006)]
** Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 in focusing barrel with [[Mirax]] reflex housing: [http://www.westlicht-auction.com/index.php?id=133073&acat=133073&offset=3&_ssl=off lot no.398] of auction no.14 (November 30, 2008)
+
** [https://wlpa.auction2000.se/auk/w.Object?inC=WLPA&inA=14&inO=398 Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8 in focusing barrel], serial no. 561056, with [[Mirax]] reflex housing, serial no. 530627, sold as lot no.398 of auction no.14 (November 30, 2008)
* Supreme lens head with Mirax and Focabell among [http://www.mirandacamera.com/_collectibles/_rare/rare.htm rare items], among [http://www.mirandacamera.com/_accessories/_focabell/focabell.htm Focabell bellows] and among [http://www.mirandacamera.com/_lenses/_macro/macro.htm macro lenses], at the [http://www.mirandacamera.com/ Miranda Historical Society] (the lens is listed as a 105/3.5 on some places, certainly by mistake)
+
* Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head with Mirax and Focabell among [https://web.archive.org/web/20190726093405/http://www.mirandacamera.com/_collectibles/_rare/rare.htm rare items], among [https://web.archive.org/web/20190514080349/http://mirandacamera.com/_accessories/_focabell/focabell.htm Focabell bellows] and among [https://web.archive.org/web/20190723100653/http://www.mirandacamera.com/_lenses/_macro/macro.htm macro lenses], at the [https://web.archive.org/web/20190717225157/http://mirandacamera.com/ Miranda Historical Society] (archived) (the lens is listed as a 105/3.5 on some places, certainly by mistake)
In Japanese:
 
* Pages of the [http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/ Miranda Society Japan]:
 
** Supreme 105/2.8 lens head among [http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/MSJ_html/lens/macron.html macro lenses] and with the [http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/MSJ_html/focabell/focabell.html Focabell bellows system]
 
** Supreme 105/2.8 in 44mm screw mount among [http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/MSJ_html/lens/telephoto-lens.html telephoto lenses]
 
** Advertisement for the Mirax, Focabell and Supreme in the [http://miranda-camera.xrea.jp/miranda/index.html main page]
 
  
 
[[Category: Japanese lenses]]
 
[[Category: Japanese lenses]]
 
[[Category: 39mm screw mount]]
 
[[Category: 39mm screw mount]]
 
[[Category: Miranda]]
 
[[Category: Miranda]]

Latest revision as of 07:35, 20 March 2021

The Supreme (スープリーム or スュープリーム)[1] lenses were made by Orion Seiki, later Orion Camera then Miranda Camera.

Lenses in Leica screw mount

Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5

The Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 is only known from an article by Orima Isamu in Kurashikku Kamera Senka.[2] In this document, it appears on a viewfinder-only Chiyoca 35, which was passed to Mr. Orima by Ogihara Akira (荻原彰), founder of Orion. No other example is known, and the lens was perhaps a prototype. The serial number is 510418 — the two first digits might indicate that the lens was designed or produced in 1951 but this is unsure.

The lens is probably coupled to the rangefinder but this is not confirmed.[3] The lens owner reports that it has three elements, judging from the number of reflections;[4] this is however strange on a 5cm f/3.5 lens in Leica screw mount, where one would expect a Tessar formula with four elements.

The barrel is collapsible and has an all chrome finish. The rear part with the focusing ring is inspired by the Leitz Elmar 5cm f/3.5. Focus is driven by a tab with an infinity lock. The focusing scale is engraved in metres and goes down to 1.25m or closer.[5] The front part is inspired from the Elmar 5cm f/2.8, and has the aperture scale on the side, graduated from 3.5 to 16. The lens has two screw threads for filter or hood attachment: an inner one around the lens bezel and an outer one. The lens bezel is engraved Universal Supreme 1:3.5 f=5cm No.xxxxxx in black on a chrome background. The "Universal" brand is otherwise unknown, and there is no mention of Orion.

Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5

The Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 is very rare too. It has an all chrome rigid barrel. The focus ring has a tab and an infinity lock, and is coupled to the rangefinder. The distance scale is engraved in feet, from ∞ to 3½ft. The front part of the barrel rotates when focusing. The aperture ring, graduated from 3.5 to 16, has two milled ears for gripping. The front rim is engraved Orion Seiki Supreme 1:3.5 f=3.5cm No.xxxxxx. The lens was sold in a dark red jewel box, with an ORION logo stamped at the top. It came with an external viewfinder, for which there is a space in the jewel box; the actual example pictured below has been found with an all chrome cylindrical finder, engraved 35mm at the top, which is certainly original.

An isolated example has been observed with a black bezel and white markings; its serial number may be in the 50xxxx range.[6] Other examples have black markings on a chrome bezel; the confirmed serial numbers are 510464 and 510603.[7] On lens no.510603, the aperture scale is repeated on the bottom side. This feature, which is lacking from the earlier examples, was certainly added to make the scale visible from above whatever the focusing distance. The 510xxx numbers are only slightly later than that of the Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 — the "51" prefix might indicate the design or production year.

Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8

The Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 lens has four elements in four groups.[8] It was made by Orion itself, from an optical design by Mr. Koide (小出), who was working for the company Hokushin Denki (北辰電気) at the time.[9] All the versions have a 44mm screw mount, for the Mirax, Focabell and Miranda, differing by the film-to-flange distance.

Manual lenses, for the Mirax and Focabell

The Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 was first made with a manual diaphragm, until the release of the Miranda T. The Supreme-A fits the Mirax-A, for Leica screw mount cameras, the Supreme-B fits the Mirax-B, for Contax or Nikon cameras. The lens head was sold alone as the Supreme-C, for the Focabell bellows unit.

Description

The Supreme-C manual lens head is all chrome, with fine mills on the aperture ring, and has protruding rear elements. The lens name is engraved on the side, around the rim: Orion Camera Co. Supreme 1:2.8 f=10.5cm, and the serial number has six digits. The first two look like they might indicate the year of production, but this is certainly misleading (see Mirax).

The Supreme-A and B have an all chrome barrel in a similar finish, with fine mills on the base and focus ring. The distance scale is engraved in feet, down to 5ft. The barrel is inscribed for Mirax–A (or presumably for Mirax–B) in front of the focus ring. They presumably only differ by the length of the barrel, because the film register of the Mirax-B is longer than that of the Mirax-A, so the Mirax-B focusing mount should be shorter. When detached, the lens head is indistinguishable from the Supreme-C.

Variations

Small changes were applied during the production of the manual model. On the early lenses, the aperture ring turns from 2.8 to 16 in the clockwise direction (as seen from the front), and the protrusion at the rear of the lens head is all chrome. Serial numbers are known in the 53xxxx range, from 530208 to 531249.

On intermediate lenses, the aperture ring goes from 2.8 to 22 — in the same direction — and the rear protrusion is black finished, certainly to avoid internal reflections. Serial numbers are confirmed in the 54xxxx and 56xxxx range, from 542018 to 561020.

Late lenses only differ by the direction of the aperture ring, which is turned counter-clockwise to close the diaphragm. The only confirmed serial numbers are 561056 and 561099.

Commercial life

The Supreme-A and B were certainly released at the same time as the Mirax. The lens is pictured in the June 1952 issue of Shashin Kōgyō, with an ORION lens cap.[10] The same picture appears on a carbon-copied typewritten sheet issued by Orion Seiki at a very early period, listing the Mirax features.[11] It shows a Supreme-A with serial number 510808; this is the only lens known so far in the 51xxxx range.

The Focabell bellows was not yet available at the time, and was only mentioned as "planned for release soon",[10] but the detachable lens head in 44mm screw mount was certainly integrated from the start in the lens barrel design. It seems that both the Focabell and Supreme-C were released in 1953. They were notably pictured in the May 1953 issue of Shashin Kōgyō, in an article by Ogihara Akira.[12] (In that document, a 75/3.5 lens for the Mirax is mentioned as under development, but it would never appear.)[13]

The above Japanese brochure, dated c.1953, shows the Supreme-A and C, and lists a number of accessories.[14] It gives various catalogue numbers, which are otherwise unheard of. Those for the Supreme-A, B and C 10.5cm f/2.8 are respectively 200A, 200B and 200C. The brochure reproduced below is slightly later (c.1954), and supposedly shows the three versions side by side.[15]

The lens head appears for ¥18,700 in an advertisement by Matsushima in Asahi Camera November 1953. All three lenses are listed in the June 1955 special issue of Photo Art, both in the main text and in the advertisement placed by the distributor Matsushima; the price for the Supreme-A and B is given as ¥25,000, and that of the Supreme-C is ¥18,800.[16]

The Supreme-A, B and C were sold for some time after the introduction of the Miranda SLR. The Supreme-A and B manual lenses are pictured in an advertisement for the Miranda B placed by Miranda Camera in Asahi Camera February 1959, shortly before the products of the company ceased to be distributed in Japan.[17] The picture shows many other Miranda products, including the Mirax, Focabell and Supreme-D preset lens (see below). The Supreme-C lens head is also visible in the user manual of the Miranda ST, released in 1960.[18]

Various lists of interchangeable lenses dated 1959 and 1960 mention the Supreme-A, B and C as having a preset diaphragm,[19][20][21] but the 1959 and 1960 pictures make this very unlikely. The price at the time was ¥25,000 for the A and B, and ¥18,000 for the lens head.[19][20][21]

Boxes and accessories

The Supreme-A and B were sold in a red jewel case, inscribed MIRAX–A (or certainly MIRAX–B) and TELEPHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm, with the company name ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO. The Supreme-C came in a smaller red jewel case, inscribed FOCABELL TELE–PHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO, contained in a reddish brown cardboard outer box.

All the lenses have an all chrome push-on front cap. Early ones are simply engraved ORION; later ones have SUPREME and Orion Camera Co. markings. The Supreme-C was supplied with a long rear cap, inscribed Focabell Lens on the side, to protect the protruding rear elements.

An adapter was offered as a separate accessory to attach the Supreme-A on the Exakta camera (M-E adapter, #1020).[14][15]

Preset lenses, for the Miranda SLR

The Supreme-D preset lens was released in 1955 for the Miranda SLR camera.

First version

The early version of the Supreme-D looks very similar to the manual Supreme-A and B. It has a bright chrome finish and fine mills on the focus ring, aperture and preset rings and base mount. The head can be detached for use on the Focabell. This version of the lens is only known from two pictures — reproduced on the right — in an article by Ogihara Akira presenting the Miranda T in Shashin Kōgyō September 1955.[22]

Regular version

The regular version of the preset Supreme-D has a different barrel, with knurled sections on the focus ring, aperture and preset rings and base mount. The moving rings have a frosted texture, and the fixed parts are polished. There is a single aperture scale, placed between the aperture and preset rings. The lens sometimes comes in a box inscribed MIRANDA INTERCHANGEABLE LENS.[23]

The lens head is detachable, and can be mounted on a Focabell bellows. According to the Miranda T user manual, the head alone is called Supreme-H, but it is unclear if it was sold separately.[24] It is longer than the manual Supreme-C, and perhaps does not have protruding rear elements.

Commercial life and documents

The Supreme-D first appeared in the September 1955 article by Ogihara.[22] The October 1955 special issue of Photo Art lists a Supreme-D for ¥28,000 in Asahiflex mount, and a Supreme-H with no detail.[25] (This document is not very reliable and the mention of the Asahiflex mount is surely mistaken.)

The regular version of the preset Supreme-D is pictured in an advertisement reportedly dated 1956, indicating that it was already produced at the time. Other advertisements for the Miranda T mention the lens, notably those in Asahi Camera January and May 1957, confirming the price of ¥28,000.[26] The Supreme-D continues to appear in various lists of interchangeable lenses at least until 1960,[8][27][19][20][21] and is still pictured in the user manual of the Miranda ST, issued the same year.[18]

Cine lenses

Various cine lenses are listed in a Japanese brochure dated about 1953 (reproduced above for the 10.5cm f/2.8).[14]

The Supreme 3in f/2.8 exists for 16mm cameras only, presumably in C-mount (#600). The barrel has the same finish as that of the Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8.

The Supreme 2in f/3.5 is offered for 8mm or 16mm cameras — presumably D-mount and C-mount (#100A and 100B).

Finally, the Cine Noctar (or "Cine Noktar", シネノクター) 1in f/1.5 is listed for 8mm or 16mm cameras too (#300A and 300B).

Notes

  1. The katakana spelling スープリーム is found in all the original advertisements, but the article by Ogihara Akira, p.27 of Shashin Kōgyō no.1, has スュープリーム instead.
  2. Orima, pp.104–6 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.24.
  3. The lens was found on a viewfinder-only camera, hence the doubt.
  4. Orima, pp.105 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.24.
  5. In the available pictures, the focusing tab perhaps hides the minimum distance.
  6. Lens pictured in Awano, p.124 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.32.
  7. Lens no.510464 sold as lot no.397 of Westlicht auction no.14 (see the links below); lens no.510603 observed in an online auction. Lens no.510465 has been reported too, but is unconfirmed.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Table of interchangeable lenses in Shashin Kōgyō Summer 1957, p.109.
  9. Hagiya, p.10 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.64. Hokushin Denki was a produced of electric equipment, see the Japanese Wikipedia page on the company.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Ogihara, p.27 of Shashin Kōgyō no.1.
  11. Typewritten sheet Special features of Mirax, c.1952.
  12. Ogihara, pp.275–7 of Shashin Kōgyō May 1953.
  13. Ogihara, p.277 of Shashin Kōgyō May 1953.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Brochure Mirax & Focabell, Orion Camera's Product's.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Brochure Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell.
  16. June 1955 special issue of Photo Art, advertisement on p.22 and column on p.119.
  17. Advertisement reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.306.
  18. 18.0 18.1 User manual of the Miranda ST.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Table of interchangeable lenses in Shashin Kōgyō April 1959, p.367.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Table of interchangeable lenses in Shashin Kōgyō July 1959, p.54.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Table of interchangeable lenses in Shashin Kōgyō September 1960, p.32.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Ogihara, p.163 of Shashin Kōgyō September 1955.
  23. Example formerly pictured in a page on tele lenses of the Miranda Society Japan.
  24. User manual of the Miranda T, pp.15 and 17.
  25. Table in the October 1955 special issue of Photo Art, pp.66–7.
  26. Advertisements in Asahi Camera January 1957, p.93, and May 1957, p.219.
  27. Table of interchangeable lenses in Shashin Kōgyō May 1958, p.423.

Bibliography

Original documents

  • Asahi Camera. Advertisement by the photo department of Matsushima in November 1953, p.59.
  • Asahi Camera. Advertisement by Matsushima Shashin-yōhin in January 1957, p.93.
  • Asahi Camera. Advertisement by Asanuma Shōkai in May 1957, p.219.
  • Kitano Kunio (北野邦雄). "Orijinaru kokusan kamera 3: Asahifurekkusu." (オリジナル国産カメラ・3・アサヒフレックス, Original Japanese cameras 3: the Asahiflex). In Shashin Kōgyō no.35, May 1955. Pp.369–72. (This article is mainly on the Asahiflex, but mentions the Focabell and Supreme lens head.)
  • Miranda Camera. User manual of the Miranda ST, c.1960.
  • Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu ni tsuite" (ミラックスについて, About the Mirax). In Shashin Kōgyō no.1, June 1952. Pp.26–7.
  • Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu no kōzō to tokusei" (ミラックスの構造と特性, Construction and special features of the Mirax). In Shashin Kōgyō no.12, May 1953. Pp.275–7.
  • Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu to Fōkaberu ni tsuite" (ミラックスとフォーカベルについて, On the Mirax and Focabell). In Shashin Kōgyō no.24, May 1954. Pp.344–8.
  • Orion Seiki (presumably). Special features of Mirax. Typewritten sheet, English language, c.1952.
  • Orion Camera Co., Ltd. and Summit Camera Co., Ltd. Photography with Mirax. Instruction manual, English language, c.1953.
  • Orion Camera. Mirax & Focabell, Orion Camera's Product's. (ミラックスとフォーカベル, Orion Camera's product's.) Brochure in Japanese language, c.1953.
  • Orion Camera. Reflex Box for Copy, Close-up, Micro and Tele-photography: Mirax & Focabell. Brochure in English language, c.1954.
  • Orion Camera Co., Ltd. Miranda. User manual of the Miranda T, c.1955. Reproduced in this Flickr set.
  • Photo Art rinji zōkan: Kamera akusesarī zensho (フォトアート臨時増刊・カメラアクセサリー全書, Photo Art special issue: All the camera accessories). June 1955, no.80 of the magazine.
    • Advertisement by the photo department of Matsushima Megane-ten on p.22.
    • "Shashin no kaimi wa sessha to bōen satsuei kara: Purokusā, Ōtoappu, Refubokkusu, sonota." (写真の快味は接写と望遠撮影から・プロクサー・オートアップ・レフボックス・その他, Because the appeal of photography comes with close-up and telephoto pictures: Proxar, Auto-Up, reflex housing, etc.) Pp.118–20.
  • Photo Art rinji zōkan: Kamera no chishiki (フォトアート臨時増刊・カメラの知識, Photo Art special issue: Knowledge of cameras). October 1955, no.87 of the magazine. "Naigai hyōjun renzu oyobi kōkan renzu ichiranhyō" (内外標準レンズ及び交換レンズ一覧表, Table of Japan and foreign standard and interchangeable lenses). Pp.66–7.
  • Shashin Kōgyō no.26, July 1954. Picture on the front cover.
  • Shashin Kōgyō no.63, Summer 1957. "Nihon no kamera zenbō: Kōkan renzu ichiran" (日本のカメラ全貌・交換レンズ一らん, Compendium of Japanese cameras: Table of interchangeable lenses). Pp.108–9.
  • Shashin Kōgyō no.73, May 1958. "35-miri ichigan-refu yō kōkan renzu to akusesarī" (35ミリ1眼レフ用交換レンズとアクセサリー, Interchangeable lenses and accessories for 35mm SLR cameras). Pp.422–3.
  • Shashin Kōgyō no.84, April 1959. "Kokusan ichigan-refu yō kōkan renzu ichiranhyō" (国産一眼レフ用交換レンズ一覧表, Table of interchangeable lenses for Japanese SLR cameras). P.367.
  • Shashin Kōgyō no.87, July 1959. "Kokusan bōen renzu ichiran-hyō" (国産望遠レンズ一覧表, Table of Japanese tele lenses). P.54.
  • Shashin Kōgyō no.101, September 1960. "35-miri ichigan-refu kamera yō sen'yō kōkan renzu ichiran" (35ミリ一眼レフカメラ用専用交換レンズ一覧, Table of lenses dedicated to SLR cameras). Pp.32–3.

Recent sources

Links

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