|Kiev 80 and Kiev 88|
image by bottledog (Image rights)
After World War II, much of the tooling at the Zeiss factory was appropriated by the Soviets and installed in the Ukraine, at a defense factory in Kiev known as Arsenal. Arsenal is best known for having cloned some notable cameras, including models by Hasselblad, Zeiss Ikon, and Pentacon. Most of them were not copied directly, but were instead simplified for production behind the Iron Curtain. Some, such as the Contax clones, were quite good. Arsenal also created one of the most original of all cameras: the Kiev 10. Of all Soviet camera manufacturers, Arsenal also has the largest cult following, given their product complement of cheap yet usable medium format equipment.
The Arsenal factory produced all Kiev (cyrillic: Киев) cameras. The most well-known camera produced at Arsenal is the Kiev 88 (derived from the original Salyut), which shares origins with the original Hasselblad 1000 F and 1600F. Who borrowed whose design is the subject of endless debate, which you can read about in a number of places.
The Arsenal factory also made Mir and Arsat lenses, which were good Zeiss copies. Their ubiquitous quality-control problems notwithstanding, the Ukrainian lenses are quite good, and some of them are outstanding.
|image by Alf Sigaro (Image rights)|
|image by nachopicapiedra (Image rights)|
|image by Martin Taylor (Image rights)|
image by Siim Vahur (Image rights)
|Name||Focal length||f-number||Mount||Angle of view||Type|
|Zodiac-8||30||3,5||C and Kiev-88||180°||Fisheye lens|
|Mir-26||45||3,5||C and Kiev-88||83°||Wide-angle|
|Mir-3||65||3,5||C and Kiev-88||66°||Wide-angle|
|Mir-38||65||3,5||C and Kiev-88||66°||Wide-angle|
|Volna-3||80||2,8||C and Kiev-88||44°||Standard lens|
|Vega-12||90||2,8||C and Kiev-88||47°||Standard lens|
|Vega-28||120||2,8||C and Kiev-88||31°||Telephoto|
|Kaleinar-3||150||2,8||C and Kiev-88||28°||Telephoto|
|Jupiter-36||250||3,5||C and Kiev-88||19°||Telephoto|
|Telear-5||250||5,6||C and Kiev-88||18°||Telephoto|
|Tair33||300||4,5||C and Kiev-88||15°||Telephoto|
|ЗМ-3||600||8,0||C and Kiev-88||7,5°||Mirror lens|
|Mir-20 Automat||20||3,5||Ultra wide angle lens|
|Helios-65 Automat||52||2,0||Standard lens for early «Киев-10»|
|Helios-81 Automat||50||2,0||Standard lens|
|Jupiter-9 Automat||85||2,0||Portrait lens|
|Rubin-2 Automat||45~80||3,5||Zoom lens|
|Granit-11 Automat||80~200||4,5||Zoom lens|
- Princelle, Jean Loup (2004), The Authentic Guide to Russian and Soviet Cameras ('Made in USSR'), Le Reve Edition. ISBN 2952252106; or the earlier edition: Hove Foto Books, 2nd edition, 1995. 200 pages. ISBN 1874031630. Paperback.
- Arsenal company homepage
- ARAX company upgrades and sell worlwide the Arsenal production
- Arsenal Cameras at USSRPhoto.com
- Wikipedia's Arsenal company history
- Rick Denney's Kiev camera page
- Alfred Klomp's page of Soviet logos
- Kiev Cameras Price Guide at CollectiBlend
- Kiev pages at Antique Russian Camera
- 35mm Kiev rangefinders at Communist Cameras
- Arsenal page at Collection G. Even's site.
- web site of the Kievaholic Klub
- Cameras and User manuals at www.collection-appareils.fr (in French)
- Russian camera instruction manuals including Fed, Kiev, Zenit and Lubitel
- 35mm SLRs on Photohistory.ru illustrates many Kiev SLRs (in Russian)
- Red Salyut at Classic Cameras by RaúlM.