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Salyut is a medium format SLR film system camera, manufactured by Arsenal Factory, in Kiev, Ukraine, former USSR , made from 1957-1974 with quantity 50000. Its successor is the Salyut-S.


  • Format: 120 roll
  • Picture size 6x6cm
  • Mount: Coarse-thread screw mount (Hasselblad 1600 copy)
  • Standard Lens: Industar-29 80mm f/2.8 chrome standard lens
    • Aperture: f/2.8-f/22, semi-automatic (aperture spring mechanism must be set separately from film advance/shutter winding for each shot)
    • Focus range: 0.9-20m +inf
  • Shutter: Horizontal focal plane metallic curtain
  • Speeds
    • 1/2 - 1/1500 +B (early types)
    • 1/2 - 1/1000 +B (late types)


There are 4 types and 2 sub-types [1] [2] [3] [4]

Type 1

Type 1a

  • 1957-59
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • With Self-timer
  • Activates by shutter setting knob

Photos in Fotoua (archived)

Type 1b

  • 1959-63
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • Added a special knob for actuating of the selftimer

Type 2

  • 1958-65
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • Without Self-timer

Type 3

Type 3a

  • 1965-74
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1000 +B
  • Black speed dial

Type 3b

  • Distinctive feature of type with label "Made in USSR"

Type 4

  • No camera name on the body
  • Export type
  • With label "Made in USSR"

Export types with a different name

  • Zenith 80
  • Revue 6x6


  1. According to Alaxander Komarov in Fotoua (archived). You can also find serial numbers for dating of the cameras in this site
  2. There is another classification of former-USSR cameras by Aidas Pikiotas at SovietCams
  3. Pages from the the book of former USSR cameras by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin
  4. Discussion about clasifications in the books of Princelle and Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin in USSR Photo Forum


In English

  • Princelle, Jean Loup (2004), The Authentic Guide to Russian and Soviet Cameras ('Made in USSR'), Le Reve Edition. ISBN 2952252106; or the earlier edition: Hove Foto Books, 2nd edition, 1995. 200 pages. ISBN 1874031630. Paperback.

In Russian