Zenit 12

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In the Russian Zenit series of SLRs, the Zenit 12 is a slightly updated and better made version of the Zenit TTL, made by KMZ between 1983 and 1994[1].

The 12SD is similar, but with a restyled shutter speed dial. A later version of the 12SD has a reshaped top plate and pentaprism housing.

The 12XP is similar to the 12SD, and now has LED exposure indicators in place of the meter needle.

There is a version of the Zenit 12XP made in Brazil, produced by BMA INDÚSTRIA E COMÉRCIO LTDA, which started making 12XP among some other Zenit models.


  • Frame size: 24x36mm
  • Shutter speed: 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500 and Bulb mode.
  • Standard lens is the Helios-44-M-4 with a 58mm focal length and widest aperture of f/2 with an M42 mount.

Brazilian Zenit 12XP



images by Sidinei Lorenzi Jr (Image rights)