|Zarya Type 1a (1959)|
image by Süleyman Demir (Image rights)
The Zarya is a 35mm film Viewfinder camera, manufactured by F.E. Dzerzhinsky factory, (FED) Kharkov, Ukraine, in former USSR, produced between 1959-61, quantity 141.288 copies. The Zarya is also known as the FED Zarya. Zarya (=Заря) means 'Dawn'.
The Zarya is a simplified, economy version of the FED-2b. It has a restyled and simplified top housing without rangefinder, self timer or slow shutter speeds. It was intended for the Soviet domestic market. It was normally supplied with an Industar-26m 52mm f/2.8 lens, but accepts any of the Zorki/Fed/Leica M39 lenses.
This data belongs to the example shown here.
- Model: 1959, type 1a (early rare type)
- Produced between 1959-60
- Lens: Industar-26m 50mm f/2.8, (ИНДУСТАР-26m), red engraving "П" means coated,
- Mount: M39 Screw mount, Leica type, filter thread: 35mm,
- Aperture: f/2.8-f/22, setting: ring and scale on the lens
- Focus range: 1-20m +inf
- Focusing: Manual focusing, guess the distance
- Shutter: horizontal-running, focal plane with cloth curtains, speeds: 1/30 - 1/500 +B
- setting: dial on the top plate, turns when winding, lift and turn for setting 
- Shutter release: on the top plate, with a collar for re-wind release, П = re-wind, С = wind
- Viewfinder: Reverse Galilean type unusual big viewfinder, 15x11mm, later Zaryas have 15x9mm
- Flash PC socket: on front of the top plate, X sync. 1/30
- Back cover: Removable with the bottom plate
- Film loading: special take-up spool, removable
- Others: Cold-shoe; Memory dial on the winding knob; Tripod socket 3/8inch; Strap lugs
- Body: Metal; Weight: 569g
|Zarya Type 1a (1959)|
- According to Alaxander Komarov in Fotoua. You can also find serial numbers for dating of the cameras in this site. There is another classification of former-USSR cameras by Aidas Pikiotas at SovietCams
- Pages from the the book of former USSR cameras by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin
- Discussion of camera classifications in the books of Princelle and Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin at USSR Photo Forum
- The early Leica cameras, and the other Leica-inspired cameras like Canon III, FEDs and Zorkis, and almost any camera which winding also causes the film speed selector turning, always cock the shutter before changing film speeds
- Princelle, Jean Loup (2004), The Authentic Guide to Russian and Soviet Cameras ('Made in USSR'), Le Reve Edition. ISBN 2952252106; or the earlier edition: Hove Foto Books, 2nd edition, 1995. 200 pages. ISBN 1874031630. Paperback.
- 1200 Cameras from USSR by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin, 2009 , more info about book