Reflex-Korelle

From Camera-wiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search

The Reflex-Korelle is a reflex camera made by Franz Kochmann, later Korelle-Werk, Dresden. It is one of the earliest 6×6cm SLRs (it was preceded by the Eichapfel Noviflex by a few months). There were a number of models, with improvements in the design. The Meister-Korelle by VEB WEFO is a postwar development of the Reflex-Korelle, also sold as the Master Reflex.

Copies of the Reflex-Korelle were made in various countries, for example the British Agiflex or the Japanese Reflex Beauty.

General description

The camera takes 6×6cm exposures on 120 film. It has a focal plane shutter with horizontally running cloth curtains. There is a fixed waist-level viewfinder on top, with a matte screen and a magnifier. The viewing hood has an additional folding frame finder at the top. The camera is focused by turning the lens helicoid. It has a fine thread 41mm lens mount.

Evolution

The original Reflex-Korelle was introduced in 1935. Very early cameras were made with B, 1/10 – 1/1000 speeds, but this was quickly changed to B, 1/25 – 1/500.[1] The lens mount is a simple screw thread with 40.5mm diameter.[2]

The Reflex-Korelle II, launched in 1936, has the addition of slow speed dial providing 1/20 to 2sec. and a self-timer.[3] After the introduction of model II, the original model without slow speeds was renamed Reflex-Korelle I.[4]

Some sources say that the two models were modified in 1937 with auto-stop film advance, and renamed Ia and IIa.[5] A simplified Reflex-Korelle B was sold at the same period, with separate shutter winding and film advance, and with no eye-level finder.[6]

A new edition of the Reflex-Korelle II appeared in 1939 with a chrome finished top plate, replacing the IIa.[7] The Reflex-Korelle III, released the same year, has chrome plating on the front plate and viewing hood, redesigned controls and speeds from 2s to 1/1000. It introduced a large-diameter bayonet mount, which was also fitted on some examples of the model II.[8] Korelle-Werk G.H. Brandtmann continued development of the camera during the War, and announced plans for a model (the Elektro-Korelle according to McKeown) incorporating an internal coupled light meter.[9] This camera was never produced.

After World War II, production of the camera was resumed in 1947 by Korelle-Werk, nationalized as VEB WEFO in 1948.[10] The Meister-Korelle is a redesigned model, sold in the USA as the Master Reflex. It has yet another lens mount, with a large diameter screw thread. WEFO was merged into Welta in 1951, and the production of the camera lasted until 1952.[11]

Available lenses

Small thread mount

Incomplete list:

Bayonet mount

For the Reflex-Korelle III.

Incomplete list:

Large 55mm thread mount

For the Meister-Korelle and Master Reflex:

Notes

  1. McKeown, p.471. The revised version is called the "IA" in Matanle, p.215.
  2. Matanle, p.215.
  3. McKeown, p.471. This is called the "IIA" in Matanle, p.215.
  4. McKeown, p.472.
  5. McKeown, p.472.
  6. McKeown, p.472, Matanle, pp.215–6.
  7. McKeown, p.472.
  8. McKeown, p.472.
  9. French Patent 890808A of 1944, by Korelle-Werk G.H. Brandtmann of Germany, for a reflex camera incorporating a lightmeter, at Espacenet, the patent search facility of the European Patent Office.
  10. Reflex-Korelle (archived) at retrography.com.
  11. McKeown, p.983.

Bibliography

  • Matanle, Ivor. Collecting and Using Classic SLRs. London: Thames & Hudson, 1996. ISBN 0-500-01726-3. Pp.215–6.
  • McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). Pp.471–2 and 983.

Links

In English:

In French: