Polaroid Land Model 100

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The Land Camera 100, or Land Camera Automatic 100 is a folding coupled rangefinder camera for Polaroid 100-series instant pack film, made from 1963 to 1966 in Little Rock, Arkansas. It is the first model in the 100-400 series of folding Polaroid cameras. Some features are common to all the cameras in the series:

  • Folding bellows
  • Automatic exposure; the electric eye controls the shutter between 10 seconds and 1/1200 second.
  • 100-series pack film; this new type of pack film was introduced for this series of cameras. The pack simply drops into the camera back, so loading is simpler than with previous Polaroid cameras.

The 100 also introduced some of the features that characterise only the high end models in this range:

  • Tripod mount on all-metal body
  • Fold-away viewfinder and rangefinder unit, allowing this to be stored inside the cover. When folded out, the unit is held in place with a magnetic catch.
  • Three-element glass lens (114mm f/8.8)

The 100 has separate viewfinder and rangefinder windows; a feature of mid-range models in its series. Some of the later high-end cameras in the range (such as the model 250 and 350) have these combined, in a viewfinder/rangefinder unit designed by Zeiss Ikon.

The Land Camera 100 was replaced by the 240, though the 250, with the Zeiss-Ikon finder and costing $165, proved more popular than the 240.