The Epson R-D1, based on the Voigtländer Bessa, is the first (2004) digital rangefinder camera ever made. The body is made from magnesium alloy, it uses an EM mount which accepts Leica M lenses (bayonet mount) and, through the use of an adapter, L (screw mount) lenses. A unique design choice is a shutter charge lever. This resembles a typical film advance crank and is used to cock the camera after each exposure.
It uses a 6.3 million pixel APS-C CCD sensor. Images are captured in JPEG at 3008 x 2000 pixels, or a smaller size at 2240 x 1488. RAW format is also supported. It has an electronic vertical traveling focal-plane shutter with speeds from 1 to 1/2000s plus bulb. Flash sync is at 1/125 of a sec. For metering it uses a TTL center-weighted averaging meter. Exposure modes include aperture priority, manual exposure, and AE lock. Exposure compensation is available ± 2 EV at 1/3 increments. ISO sensitivity can be set to 200, 400, 800 and 1600, by lifting up and rotating the collar surrounding the shutter dial.
The viewfinder has a 1.0x magnification with auto parallax correction. It supports 28mm, 35mm and 50mm lenses. The bright frames are manually selected on top of the camera body. The rangefinder base is at 37 mm. Half pressing the shutter button activates the metering. The viewfinder displays the current value of the selected speed, the flashing value is the suggested meter setting.
The screen is a 235K pixel TFT color LCD. It can be flipped out 90 degrees and rotated 180 degrees. Behind the LCD display is a lens calculator. Since the camera does not use a full 35mm frame sensor 28, 35 and 50mm lenses are equivalent to 42, 53 and 75mm lenses. An unusual feature is a Needle Display Module located by the shutter dial. It displays four needles one for image quality setting. R for RAW, H and N for JPEG size. Battery levels are indicated with a F (full) or E (empty). White balance uses A (auto) and other pictorial weather icons for sunlight, clouds, shade, incandescent and fluorescent. Surrounding the dial is a exposures remaining needle, it shows markings for 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 0. Images are captured on to Secure Digital memory card. It is powered by a rechargeable lithium ion battery.
|camera back LCD, lens mount|
images by m-s-y (Image rights)
Epson R-D1s and R-D1x
The model R-D1s from 2006 evidently used the same hardware but with some enhancements to the camera firmware notable improvements include Adobe RGB color space and RAW+JPEG capture mode. The 2009 Epson R-D1x revision adds support for SDHC cards, a larger 2.5" LCD. The R-1DxG is the same just with a detachable handgrip.
- Epson R-D1 Support page at Epson US
- Early review of the R-D1 at Luminous Landscape
- Epson Japan R-D1s press release at Digital Photography Review
- Epson Japan R-D1x press release at Digital Photography Review
|with replacement leather|
image by Ivan Aguiar (Image rights)
|Japan Camera Grand Prix|
|Camera of the year
1984: Nikon FA | 1985: Minolta α-7000 | 1986: Canon T90 | 1987: Canon EOS 650 | 1988: Kyocera Samurai | 1989: Nikon F4 | 1990: Canon EOS 10 | 1991: Contax RTS III | 1992: Pentax Z-1 | 1993: Canon EOS 5 | 1994: Minolta α-707si | 1995: Contax G1 | 1996: Minolta TC-1 | 1997: Nikon F5 | 1998: Pentax 645N | 1999: Minolta α-9 | 2000: Canon EOS-1V | 2001: Minolta α-7 | 2002: Canon EOS-1D | 2003: Canon EOS-1Ds | 2004: Nikon D70 | 2005: Konica Minolta α-7 Digital | 2006: Nikon D200 | 2007: Pentax K10D | 2008: Nikon D3 | 2009: Canon EOS 5D Mark II | 2010: Olympus Pen E-P1 | 2011: Pentax 645D | 2012: Nikon D800 | 2013: Sony DSC-RX1 | 2014: Nikon Df | 2015: Canon EOS 7D Mark II | 2016: Sony α7R II | 2017: Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II | 2018: Sony α9 | 2019: Lumix S1R | 2020: Sony α7R IV | 2021: Sony α1