Contax G

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Contax G1

In 1994, Contax introduced an apparent oddity: a new line of interchangeable-lens rangefinder cameras that did not use the established Leica-M or Leica-screw lens mounts. The new camera, the Contax G1, used the "G"-mount, an electronic autofocus mount. Critics were quick to accuse the camera of not being a "true" (mechanical) rangefinder, since it used autofocus and electronically-linked mechanisms. But the AF mechanism in the G1, and later the G2 (introduced in 1996), does indeed use a twin-window system much like that of the older mechanical rangefinders—only in electronic form. An advantage of the Contax G finders over other rangefinder cameras is the fact that with lenses from 28mm to 90mm they always show the correct view (zoom rangefinders). The same is true for close focusing, as they also feature parallax correction. Some users reported focusing problems with the Contax G1 at close distances with the 90mm Sonnar and Contax introduced the successor to the Contax G1, the G2, only two years after its introduction in 1996.


Contax G2

The successor to the G1, the Contax G2, has improved autofocus performance and a series of new features and ergonomic enhancements. The manual focus wheel was moved from the top deck to the front, to about the same position as where the focusing wheel was located on classic Dresden and Stuttgart Contax rangefinders. The G2 also has two AF modes - continuous, which constantly adjusts focus as the camera is moved, and single, which is a safety mode, focusing as the focus button is pressed, (or shutter release half-pressed) and maintaining this reading until the shutter is released. If the camera fails to find focus in this mode, the shutter cannot be released. The body size and weight increased slightly over the Contax G1. The Contax GD-2 data back can be attached to the Contax G2. It is one of the most sophisticated data backs ever made by any camera manufacturer and features inbetween frame recording of data as well as a Contax-specific recording mode of the exposure data on the first two frames of the film after the last picture has been taken. Initially the Contax G2 was manufactured in Titanium color, a so-called "Millenium Edition". In 1998, due to high demand[1] a black color version was introduced. There are two versions of the black model, one using paint, and the more preferred black chrome.



G1 vs G2

The G2 addresses some of the criticisms of the G1, especially with regard to its focusing system. The G1 uses only a passive autofocus "phase detection" system. In this system two CCD arrays achieve focus by minimizing differences in patterns from the physically separated dual array sets. It is extremely accurate under the right conditions, but slow and inaccurate in low light as well as close up photography. The G2 adds an active focusing component that uses infrared beams and triangulation. It combines both technologies to achieve a faster more accurate focusing system. In addition, the G2 has a wider rangefinder base and a higher top-speed of 1/4000 sec in manual mode, 1/6000 sec in aperture priority mode.

Contax G Lenses

The lenses made by Kyocera under license from Zeiss for the G-series quickly established it as a contender: the original 45mm f/2 Planar was joined by a 28mm f/2.8 Biogon and a 90mm f/2.8 Sonnar; a 21 f/2.8 Biogon, 16mm f/8 Hologon (manufactured in Germany by Carl Zeiss and a 35mm f/2 Planar, as well as a 35-70mm f/3.5-5.6 Vario Sonnar were added later. The 45mm Planar in particular gained renown as the sharpest 35mm camera lens ever tested by the Swedish test site Photodo — outclassing even the illustrious Leica 50mm Summicron. Zoerkendoerfer in Munich Germany also modified the Voigtländer 12mm f/5.6 Ultra-Wide Heliar and the 15mm f/4.5 Super-Wide Heliar for use with the Contax G mount.

Compatibility

The original Contax G1 is not compatible with the 21mm, 35mm and 35-70mm lenses. Contax provided a firmware upgrade for many of these cameras. Such upgraded G1s may be identified by a green-colored sticker in the film chamber. It is not possible to use the 35-70 zoom lens on the Contax G1 even with the upgrade, as the G1 mount lacks the electronic interface for it.

Flash

Both camera models feature TTL/OTF capability and are compatible with the Contax TLA flash system. The Contax TLA 140 and TLA 200 flashes were specifically designed for the Contax G series, but other flashes, especially the Contax TLA 280 and TLA 360 also work well with these models. Multi-flash cords are available and up to six Contax TLA-compatible flashes can be controlled from a single camera simultaneously.

The End of the Contax Production

In 2005, Kyocera announced it would cease all activity related to the manufacture of Contax cameras at the end of the year, effectively spelling the end of the G system. Carl Zeiss currently works in conjunction with Cosina, the producer of a line of Leica M mount and screw mount clones to provide Leica M mount Zeiss lenses, as well as a new manual focus rangefinder camera, the Zeiss Ikon, developed by Zeiss and manufactured in Japan by Cosina.

Recommendation

With its titanium clad body, sophisticated electronic rangefinder and superb lenses, the G system has not been equalled in the years since its introduction. To its fans, the Contax G2 is the finest 35mm camera ever produced. The Contax G system is still available in quantities in the used camera market at prices much below the Leica M system. Users who do not need lenses faster than f/2.0 will find that the Contax G system is still unmatched in camera performance with lens quality equaling the Leica M performance in most cases.

System

Lenses

  • 16mm f/8 Carl Zeiss Hologon T
  • 21mm f/2.8 Carl Zeiss Biogon T
  • 28mm f/2.8 Carl Zeiss Biogon T
  • 35mm f/2.0 Carl Zeiss Planar T
  • 45mm f/2.0 Carl Zeiss Planar T
  • 90mm f/2.8 Carl Zeiss Sonnar T
  • 35-70mm f/3.5-5.6 Vario-Sonnar

Lens Accessory

  • Lens Cap GK-54
  • Lens hood GG-2
  • Lens adapter GA-1
  • Finder GF-21 for 21mm lens

Flash

  • Flash TLA140 (GN14)
  • Flash TLA200 (GN18-25)

Body

  • Data back GD-1 (G1)
  • Data back GD-2 (G2)
  • Power Pack Adapter GP-1
  • Power Pack P-8
  • Case GC-11 (G1)
  • Case front GC-111 (G1)
  • Case front long GC-112 (G1)
  • Case body GC-110 (G1)
  • Case GC-21 (G2)
  • Case GC-22 (G2 w databack)
  • Case front long GC-212 (G2)

Notes

  1. Contax Introduces A Special Production Black Version Of Its Award-Winning G2 Camera

Links

Japan Camera Grand Prix
Camera of the year

1984: Nikon FA | 1985: Minolta α-7000 | 1986: Canon T90 | 1987: Canon EOS 650 | 1988: Kyocera Samurai | 1989: Nikon F4 | 1990: Canon EOS 10 | 1991: Contax RTS III | 1992: Pentax Z-1 | 1993: Canon EOS 5 | 1994: Minolta α-707si | 1995: Contax G1 | 1996: Minolta TC-1 | 1997: Nikon F5 | 1998: Pentax 645N | 1999: Minolta α-9 | 2000: Canon EOS-1V | 2001: Minolta α-7 | 2002: Canon EOS-1D | 2003: Canon EOS-1Ds | 2004: Nikon D70 | 2005: Konica Minolta α-7 Digital | 2006: Nikon D200 | 2007: Pentax K10D | 2008: Nikon D3 | 2009: Canon EOS 5D Mark II | 2010: Olympus Pen E-P1 | 2011: Pentax 645D | 2012: Nikon D800 | 2013: Sony DSC-RX1 | 2014: Nikon Df

Special Prize
1990: Konica Kanpai | 1991: Fuji Cardia Travel Mini Dual-P | 1992: Konica Hexar | 1993: Nikonos RS | Sigma SA300 | 1994: Olympus µ[mju:] Zoom Panorama | 1995: Ricoh R1 | 1996: Fujifilm GA645 | 1997: Canon IXY | Contax AX | 1998: Olympus C1400L | 1999: Nikon Coolpix 950 | Tamron AF28-300mm F3.5-6.3 LD Aspherical IF MACRO lens | 2000: Nikon D1 | Konica Hexar RF | 2001: Bronica RF645 | Fujichrome 100F/400F film | 2002: Minolta DiMAGE X | Nikon FM3A | 2003: Fujifilm GX645AF | Hasselblad H1 | 2004: Canon EOS Kiss Digital | Sigma 12-24mm F4.5-5.6 EX DG Aspherical HSM lens | 2005: Nikon F6 | Epson R-D1 | 2006: Ricoh GR Digital | Zeiss Ikon | 2007: Sony α100 | Adobe Lightroom software | 2008: Sigma DP1 | Fujichrome Velvia 50 film | 2009: Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1 | Casio EXILIM EX-FC100 | 2010: Sony Exmor R sensor | Canon EF 100mm F2.8L Macro IS USM lens | 2011: Fujifilm FinePix X100 | Epson MAXART PX-5V (R3000) printer |

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