Bronica 6×6 focal plane

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Japanese medium-format SLR (edit)
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Other Japanese 6×6, 4.5×6, 3×4 and 4×4 ->


The first Bronica cameras were a series a 6×6 focal plane shutter SLRs, similar in concept to the Hasselblad 1000 F.

Bronica Z / D

The first model early on is often just called Bronica upon introduction. It was also called Bronica Z because of the big Z on the hood. It was produced in 1958.

The Bronica D or Bronica Deluxe is a very similar camera to the Z. The name was introduced in approx 1960.

Bronica S

The Bronica S introduced in 1961, has new incompatible finders and backs. It was originally designed as a simplified model of the deluxe. It's major improvement was a redesign of the gearing film advance system that has caused problems with the previous model. There were many features no longer on the Bronica S that were available on the previous models.

Bronica C

The Bronica C is the corresponding budget version of the S and S2, without the interchangeable back. It was released before the S2, but shares many of the same designs and functions. The model C was quickly replaced with a nearly identical revision known as Bronica C2. It was released a year later, a few months before the S2. The C2 revision is often just called Bronica C as many markets did not have the original C. The improvements made to the body were incorporated into a revised C model along with 1/1000 shutter speed and 220 film compatibility.

Bronica S2

The Bronica S2, released in 1965, is the successor of the Bronica S. The new model included a number of minor changes, but the main improvement was the switch to a removable helical focusing mount.

The Bronica S2A was released in 1969 and is the successor of the S2. Feature wise it was identical to the S2.

Bronica EC

The Bronica EC was released in 1972. It has an electronically controlled shutter, and the Bronica EC-TL adds a TTL exposure meter. A newer revision called EC-TL II was also produced that changed the slow shutter speeds, because of that different finder screens are required.

Bronica 6x6 specification matrix

Z / D S C C2 S2 / S2A EC
Introduction 1959 1961 1964 1965 1964 / 1965 1972
Type 2 1/4 x 2 1/4 (6cm × 6cm) Single lens reflex camera
Lens mount Small bayonet
Large bayonet
57mm screw mount 1mm pitch
Film back removable integrated w/ film magazines removable
Film 120 roll film
12 exposures
120/220 roll film
12/24 exposures
Finder Fresnel lens and large magnifier also interchangeable with
TTL exposure meter.
Viewfinder hood interchangeable with pentaprism finder or magnifying hood also interchangeable with screens and magnifiers
Focusing built-in non-removable Helicoid type Removable, Helicoid type, stroke 14mm, rotating angle of focusing ring 250°
Distance Scale1) 50mm / 135mm 75mm, 50mm, 135mm lenses 75mm, 50mm, 135mm, and 200mm lenses 75 and 100mm lenses
Mirror flip down, instant return, automatic mirror system with two piece split flipping up and down
Mirror lock Yes No Yes
Diaphragm Auto for majority of normal lenses, preset mainly for telephoto.
Depth-of-Field Depth-of-field can be checked by pressing preview button
Shutter Vertical-travel focal plane shutter with electronic control
Shutter Speeds B, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500
1/1250 1/1000 1/500 1/10002) 1/1000
2 to 10 sec N / A 2 and 4 sec
Flash sync F: B to 1/15
M: B to 1/250
FP: All speeds
X: B to 1/15; 1/50
F: B to 1/15
M: B to 1/125
FP: All speeds
X: B to 1/15; 1/40
M: B, 4s to 1/15
F: B, 4s to 1/30
FP: B, 4 to 1/15; 1/125 to 1/1000
X: B, 4s to 1/60
Multiple exposure Yes N / A Yes
Self timer Yes, adjustable delay 1 to 10s N / A
Film winding winding crank or knob
Power N / A 1x PX28
Dimensions 89 × 86 × 136mm 100mm × 100mm × 140mm 139 × 117 × 170mm
Weight 1.165 kg 1.790 kg 1.780 kg 1,980 kg
  1. since many models have removable focus helicoids, scales may differ.
  2. some only have 1/500 speed labelled on knob, but support 1/1000


  • Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7. Items 1513–7. (See also the picture on p.22.)
  • Lewis, Gordon, ed. The History of the Japanese Camera. Rochester, N.Y.: George Eastman House, International Museum of Photography & Film, 1991. ISBN 0-935398-17-1 (paper), 0-935398-16-3 (hard). Pp.102–3, 138 and 147.
  • McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). Pp.159–62.
  • Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5. Items 2071–4.


General links

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Sample pictures