|Orion Camera Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.542029. Picture courtesy of eBayer toolchest. (Image rights).|
- 1 Lenses in Leica screw mount
- 2 Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8
- 3 Notes
- 4 Bibliography
- 5 Links
Lenses in Leica screw mount
Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5
The Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 is only known from an article by Orima Isamu in Kurashikku Kamera Senka. In this document, it appears on a viewfinder-only Chiyoca 35, which was passed to the author by Ogihara Akira (荻原彰), founder of Orion. No other example is known, and the lens was perhaps a prototype. The serial number is 510418 — the two first digits might indicate that the lens was designed or produced in 1951 but this is unsure.
The lens is probably coupled to the rangefinder but this is not confirmed. The lens owner reports that it has three elements, judging from the number of reflections; this is however strange on a 5cm f/3.5 lens in Leica screw mount, where one would expect a Tessar formula with four elements.
The barrel is collapsible and has an all chrome finish. The rear part with the focusing ring is inspired by the Leitz Elmar 5cm f/3.5. Focus is driven by a tab with an infinity lock. The focusing scale is engraved in metres and goes down to 1.25m or closer. The front part is inspired from the Elmar 5cm f/2.8, and has the aperture scale on the side, graduated from 3.5 to 16. The lens has two screw threads for filter or hood attachment: an inner one around the lens bezel and an outer one. The lens bezel is engraved Universal Supreme 1:3.5 f=5cm No.xxxxxx in black on a chrome background. The "Universal" brand is otherwise unknown, and there is no mention of Orion.
Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5
The Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 is very rare too. It has an all chrome rigid barrel. The focus ring has a tab and an infinity lock, and is coupled to the rangefinder. The distance scale is engraved in feet, from ∞ to 3½ft. The front part of the barrel rotates when focusing. The aperture ring, graduated from 3.5 to 16, has two milled ears for prehension. The front rim is engraved Orion Seiki Supreme 1:3.5 f=3.5cm No.xxxxxx. The lens was sold in a dark red jewel box, with an ORION logo stamped at the top. It came with an external viewfinder, for which there is a space in the jewel box; the actual example pictured below has been found with an all chrome cylindrical finder, engraved 35mm at the top, which is certainly original.
|Orion Seiki Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 no.510603. Pictures courtesy of St. Vincent de Paul in Bremerton, WA. (Image rights).|
An isolated example has been observed with a black bezel and white markings; its serial number may be in the 50xxxx range. Other examples have black markings on a chrome bezel; the confirmed serial numbers are 510464 and 510603. On lens no.510603, the aperture scale is repeated on the bottom side. This feature, which is lacking from the earlier examples, was certainly added to make the scale visible from above whatever the focusing distance. The 510xxx numbers are only slightly later than that of the Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 — the "51" prefix might indicate the design or production year again.
Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8
The Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 lens has four elements in four groups. It was made by Orion itself, from an optical design by Mr. Koide (小出), who was working for the company Hokushin Denki (北辰電気) at the time. The lens exists in a number of versions; all those observed so far have Orion Camera Co. markings, but some might have Miranda markings instead.
Supreme-A and B, for the Mirax
The Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 lens was originally made for the Mirax reflex housing, in 44mm screw mount. The mount is physically identical to that of the later Miranda SLR, but the film-to-flange distance is different. The Supreme-A corresponds to the Mirax-A, for Leica screw mount cameras, and the Supreme-B corresponds to the Mirax-B, for Contax or Nikon cameras. They presumably only differ by the length of the barrel, because the film register of the Mirax-B is longer than that of the Mirax-A.
The lens barrel is all chrome, with fine mills on the base, focus ring and aperture ring. The distance scale in engraved in feet, and the aperture scale goes from 2.8 to 22. The barrel is inscribed for Mirax–A (or presumably for Mirax–B) in front of the focus ring. The lens name is engraved on the side, around the rim: Orion Camera Co. Supreme 1:2.8 f=10.5cm, and the serial number has six digits. The first two look like they might indicate the year of production, but this is perhaps misleading (see Mirax). The lens head unscrews from the focusing barrel, for use on the Focabell bellows (see below).
The lens was sold in a red jewel case, inscribed MIRAX–A (or certainly MIRAX–B) and TELEPHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm, with the company name ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO. The lens cap is chrome finished, and normally has SUPREME and Orion Camera Co. markings.
|Mirax-A and Supreme-A 10.5cm f/2.8 lens no.510808, on a Leica camera.|
From a typewritten sheet on the Mirax. Scan by Jeffrey Felton. (Image rights)
The lens was certainly released at the same time as the Mirax. It is pictured in the June 1952 issue of Shashin Kōgyō, with an ORION lens cap. The same picture appears on a carbon-copied typewritten sheet issued by Orion Seiki at a very early period, listing the Mirax features.
Supreme-C lens head for the Focabell
|Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.530208, alone or mounted on a Mirax-B and Focabell via close-up rings.|
Pictures courtesy of Igor's Camera Exchange. (Image rights).
The lens head was available alone as the Supreme-C, introduced after the release of the Focabell bellows. The latter is only mentioned as "planned for release soon" in the June 1952 article in Shashin Kōgyō, but the detachable lens head in 44mm screw mount was integrated from the start in the lens barrel design. The rear elements significantly protrude at the rear, and the lens comes with a long rear cap, inscribed Focabell Lens on the side. It was sold in a red jewel case, inscribed FOCABELL TELE–PHOTO LENS SUPREME 1:2.8 F=10.5cm ORION CAMERA CO., LTD., TOKYO, covered by a reddish brown cardboard box. The rear protrusion is chrome plated on the early lenses, such as that pictured above, with a serial number in the 53xxxx range; it is black finished on later lenses, such as that pictured below, with a serial number in the 54xxxx or 56xxxx range.
|Orion Camera Supreme-C 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head no.542029.|
Left: with jewel case and rear cap. Right: on a Mirax-B and Focabell outfit.
Pictures courtesy of eBayer toolchest (Image rights).
|Advertisements listing the Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8, in Asahi Camera November 1953|
and the June 1955 special issue of Photo Art. (Image rights).
Supreme-D, for the Miranda
The Supreme-D is a version for SLR cameras, sold at ¥28,000. In the October 1955 special issue of Photo Art, it is reported to have an Asahiflex mount, perhaps by mistake. The Summer 1957 issue of Shashin Kōgyō mentions the lens in Miranda mount, which seems more plausible.
The page on tele lenses of the Miranda Society Japan shows a lens reported as a Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 in Miranda mount. That lens has an alloy barrel instead of the chromed brass barrel of the previous Supreme. Four knurled rows are visible: at the base, on the focus ring, and on either side of the aperture scale, apparently for a preset diaphragm. The lens comes in a box inscribed MIRANDA INTERCHANGEABLE LENS, unmistakably indicating that it was made for the Miranda SLR.
Supreme-H lens head for the Focabell
The same page of the Miranda Society Japan also quotes a catalogue for the Miranda T mentioning the Supreme lens, which says that "the lens head can be removed, transforming the lens into a Supreme H for use on the Focabell". The October 1955 table entry reproduced above also has a Supreme-H, but gives no indication of the price or lens mount. This might plausibly correspond to the lens head of the newer version of the lens, renamed to distinguish it from the former Supreme-C (with H for Head instead of the alphabetical order previously used).
The page on macro lenses of the same website shows the detached lens head, with the two knurled rows surrounding the aperture scale, mounted on a Focabell bellows. This lens head is longer than the former Supreme-C, and perhaps does not have protruding rear elements. It certainly corresponds to the Supreme-H.
- The katakana spelling スープリーム is found in all the original advertisements, but the article by Ogihara Akira, p.27 of Shashin Kōgyō no.1, has スュープリーム instead.
- Orima, pp.104–6 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.24.
- The lens was found on a viewfinder-only camera, hence the doubt.
- Orima, pp.105 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.24.
- In the available pictures, the focusing tab perhaps hides the minimum distance.
- Lens pictured in Awano, p.124 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.32.
- Lens no.510464 sold as lot no.397 of Westlicht auction no.14; lens no.510603 observed in an online auction. Lens no.510465 has been reported too, but is unconfirmed.
- Table of interchangeable lenses in Shashin Kōgyō Summer 1957, p.109.
- Hagiya, p.10 of Kurashikku Kamera Senka no.64. Hokushin Denki was a produced of electric equipment, see the Japanese Wikipedia page on the company.
- Ogihara, p.27 of Shashin Kōgyō no.1.
- Typewritten sheet Special features of Mirax, c.1952.
- June 1955 special issue of Photo Art, advertisement on p.22 and column on p.119.
- Table in the October 1955 special issue of Photo Art, pp.66–7. This document contains various mistakes.
- Asahi Camera. Advertisement by the photo department of Matsushima in November 1953 (p.59).
- Ogihara Akira (荻原彰). "Mirakkusu ni tsuite" (ミラックスについて, About the Mirax). In Shashin Kōgyō no.1, June 1952. Pp.26–7.
- Orion Seiki (presumably). Special features of Mirax. Typewritten sheet, English language, c.1952.
- Photo Art rinji zōkan: Kamera akusesarī zensho (フォトアート臨時増刊・カメラアクセサリー全書, Photo Art special issue: All the camera accessories). June 1955, no.80 of the magazine.
- Advertisement by the photo department of Matsushima Megane-ten on p.22.
- "Shashin no kaimi wa sessha to bōen satsuei kara: Purokusā, Ōtoappu, Refubokkusu, sonota." (写真の快味は接写と望遠撮影から・プロクサー・オートアップ・レフボックス・その他, Because the appeal of photography comes with close-up and telephoto pictures: Proxar, Auto-Up, reflex housing, etc.) Pp.118–20.
- Photo Art rinji zōkan: Kamera no chishiki (フォトアート臨時増刊・カメラの知識, Photo Art special issue: Knowledge of cameras). October 1955, no.87 of the magazine. "Naigai hyōjun renzu oyobi kōkan renzu ichiranhyō" (内外標準レンズ及び交換レンズ一覧表, Table of Japan and foreign standard and interchangeable lenses). Pp.66–7.
- Shashin Kōgyō no.26, July 1954. Picture on the front cover.
- Shashin Kōgyō no.63, Summer 1957. "Nihon no kamera zenbō: Kōkan renzu ichiran" (日本のカメラ全貌・交換レンズ一らん, Compendium of Japanese cameras: Table of interchangeable lenses). Pp.108–9.
- Awano Mikio (粟野幹男) and Maeda Daisuke (前田大介). "Kokusan Raika maunto renzu 3: Mezurashii renzu 1" (国産ライかマウントレンズ 3 珍しいレンズ 1, Japanese Leica-mount lenses 3: Rare lenses 1). In Kamera Rebyū: Kurashikku Kamera Senka (カメラレビュー クラシックカメラ専科) / Camera Review: All about Historical Cameras no.32, March 1995. No ISBN number. Leica Book '95 (ライカブック'95). Pp.122–5. (Shows a Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5.)
- Hagiya Takeshi (萩谷剛). "Miranda Sutōrī" (ミランダ・ストーリー, Miranda story). In Kamera Rebyū: Kurashikku Kamera Senka (カメラレビュー クラシックカメラ専科) / Camera Review: All about Historical Cameras no.64, June 2002. ISBN 4-257-13048-2. Miranda no keifu (ミランダの系譜, Miranda genealogy). Pp.9–12.
- Kamera Rebyū: Kurashikku Kamera Senka (カメラレビュー クラシックカメラ専科) / Camera Review: All about Historical Cameras no.64, June 2002. ISBN 4-257-13048-2. Miranda no keifu (ミランダの系譜, Miranda genealogy). "Miranda Akusesarī" (ミランダ・アクセサリー, Miranda accessories). Pp.44–5.
- Orima Isamu (織間勇). "Puāmanzu Raika o mezashita ga: Chiyoka 35" (プアーマンズライカを目ざしたが・チヨカ35, The Chiyoca 35, a would-be poor man's Leica). Kamera Rebyū: Kurashikku Kamera Senka (カメラレビュー クラシックカメラ専科) / Camera Review: All about Historical Cameras no.24, March 1993. No ISBN number. Leica Book '93: Barunakku-gata Raika zukan (バルナック型ライカ図鑑, album of screw-mount Leica cameras). Pp.104–6. (Shows a Universal Supreme 5cm f/3.5 on a Chiyoca 35. The camera and lens were passed to the author by Ogihara Akira [萩原彰], creator of the Miranda camera.)
- Past sales by Westlicht:
- Supreme 3.5cm f/3.5 in Leica screw mount: lot no.397 of auction no.14 (November 30, 2008)
- Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 lens head with Mirax reflex housing: lot no.365 of auction no.9 (May 20, 2006)
- Supreme 10.5cm f/2.8 in focusing barrel with Mirax reflex housing: lot no.398 of auction no.14 (November 30, 2008)
- Supreme lens head with Mirax and Focabell among rare items, among Focabell bellows and among macro lenses, at the Miranda Historical Society (the lens is listed as a 105/3.5 on some places, certainly by mistake)