Difference between revisions of "Rudolf Krügener"

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'''Rudolf Krügener''' (* 8 December 1847 in Elberfeld; † 22. September 1913 in Dresden) was a chemist who led a branch of [[Agfa]] in Frankfurt am Main. Since he was handicapped, wearing a self-made leg prosthesis, he developed for himself (with the help of a master mechanic named Krücke) ''Dr. Krügenersche Taschenbuch Kamera'' (Dr. Krügeners's pocketbook camera), one of the smallest cameras of its time, with dimensions of 45×100×140mm. A novelty was the magazine for 24 plate exposures. It was an economic success.
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{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/89864432@N00/1468973419/in/pool-camerawiki/
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|image= http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1104/1468973419_b3f6e15fbe_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= Dr. Rudolf Krügener
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|image_by = Uwe Kulick
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|image_rights=  with permission
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}}'''Rudolf Krügener''' (* 8 December 1847 in Elberfeld; † 22. September 1913 in Dresden) was a chemist who led a branch of [[Agfa]] in Frankfurt am Main. Since he was handicapped, wearing a self-made leg prosthesis, he developed for himself (with the help of a master mechanic named Krücke) the ''Dr. Krügenersche Taschenbuch Kamera'' (Dr. Krügeners's pocketbook camera), one of the smallest cameras of its time, with dimensions of 45×100×140mm. A novelty was the magazine for 24 plate exposures. It was an economic success. The next magazine camera was the Simplex, which had a smart plate exchange mechanism inside and an extra lens for the mirror finder. It can be seen as predecessor of the twin lens reflex cameras.
  
Krügener founded ''Dr. Rudolf Krügener, Photochemisches Laboratorium und Fabrik photographischer Apparate Frankfurt-Bockenheim,'' a company that produced lenses, photo chemicals and cameras. He expanded the company with a plant in Furtwangen. His company produced 100 camera models and kept up with technology. Dr. Krügener favoured the plate format 9×12cm .
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Krügener founded ''Dr. Rudolf Krügener, Photochemisches Laboratorium und Fabrik photographischer Apparate Frankfurt-Bockenheim,'' a company that produced lenses, photo chemicals and cameras. He expanded the company with a plant in Furtwangen. His company produced 100 camera models and kept up with technology. Dr. Krügener favoured the film plate format 9×12cm .
  
 
Around the time of the merger of the company with others to [[ICA]], his sons became managers there: Walter Krügener as boss in Furtwangen, Dr. Hermann Krügener a director of ICA.
 
Around the time of the merger of the company with others to [[ICA]], his sons became managers there: Walter Krügener as boss in Furtwangen, Dr. Hermann Krügener a director of ICA.
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<br style="clear:left"/>
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==Cameras ('''Dr. Krügener''' brand)==
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{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/petebeck/473624000/in/pool-camerapedia/
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|image= http://farm1.static.flickr.com/218/473624000_83ce7bd16a_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= Dr. Krügener lenses on a stereo camera
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|image_by= Pete Beck
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|image_rights=nc
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}}
  
==cameras==
 
 
===magazine===
 
===magazine===
*Simplex Magazincamera (1889)
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*[[Perkeo No. 140]]
*[[Delta Magazinkamera]] (1893)
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*Simplex Magazin Camera (1889)
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*[[Delta-camera]] detective camera (1893)
 
*Magazin-Handkamera (1895)
 
*Magazin-Handkamera (1895)
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*Special-Alpha Magazin-Camera (1901)
  
 
===folding===
 
===folding===
*Delta (different models from 1898 to 1904)
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*Cartridge-Camera (1901)
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*Delta (different models from 1898 to 1905)
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{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/myimagehost/8158952856/in/pool-camerawiki
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|image= http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8340/8158952856_5f2bfcf1db_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text=
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|image_by= Peters Cameras
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|image_rights= wp
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}}
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*[[Dr. Krügener Delta 8x10,5|Delta 8x10,5]]
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*[[Dr. Krügener Delta 9x12|Delta 9x12]]
 
*Delta-Teddy (1899)
 
*Delta-Teddy (1899)
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*[[Helvetia]]
 
*Minimum-Delta (1908)
 
*Minimum-Delta (1908)
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*Teddy (1901)
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*Trona
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====stereo====
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* [[Plastoscop]]
  
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<br style="clear:both;"/>
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
*Hummel, Richard. ''Spiegelreflexkameras aus Dresden - Geschichte, Technik, Fakten.'' Stuttgart: Lindemanns, 1998. ISBN 3895061271 (Cited by the de-Wikipedia article.)<!-- though unfortunately the WAY it is used is not specified. -->
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*Hummel, Richard. ''Spiegelreflexkameras aus Dresden - Geschichte, Technik, Fakten.'' Stuttgart: Lindemanns, 1998. <nowiki>ISBN</nowiki> 3895061271 (Cited by the de-Wikipedia article.)<!-- though unfortunately the WAY it is used is not specified. -->
*[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Kr%C3%BCgener Rudolf Krügener] at [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hauptseite de-Wikipedia]
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*[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Kr%C3%BCgener Rudolf Krügener] in the [http://de.wikipedia.org German Wikipedia]
  
[[Category: Camera makers|Krügener, Rudolf]]
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==Links==
[[Category: Germany|Krügener, Rudolf]]
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* Cameras at [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/ Early Photography]:
[[Category: People|Krügener, Rudolf]]
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** [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/entry_C121.html Krügener's Patent Book Camera] sold by [[Marion]] in England, c.1890.
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** [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/entry_C427.html Delta 9x12]cm folding plate camera, 1900s.
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[[Category: German camera makers|Krügener, Rudolf]]
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[[Category: German people|Krügener, Rudolf]]
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[[Category: Dr. Krügener|*]]

Latest revision as of 05:17, 27 September 2017

Rudolf Krügener (* 8 December 1847 in Elberfeld; † 22. September 1913 in Dresden) was a chemist who led a branch of Agfa in Frankfurt am Main. Since he was handicapped, wearing a self-made leg prosthesis, he developed for himself (with the help of a master mechanic named Krücke) the Dr. Krügenersche Taschenbuch Kamera (Dr. Krügeners's pocketbook camera), one of the smallest cameras of its time, with dimensions of 45×100×140mm. A novelty was the magazine for 24 plate exposures. It was an economic success. The next magazine camera was the Simplex, which had a smart plate exchange mechanism inside and an extra lens for the mirror finder. It can be seen as predecessor of the twin lens reflex cameras.

Krügener founded Dr. Rudolf Krügener, Photochemisches Laboratorium und Fabrik photographischer Apparate Frankfurt-Bockenheim, a company that produced lenses, photo chemicals and cameras. He expanded the company with a plant in Furtwangen. His company produced 100 camera models and kept up with technology. Dr. Krügener favoured the film plate format 9×12cm .

Around the time of the merger of the company with others to ICA, his sons became managers there: Walter Krügener as boss in Furtwangen, Dr. Hermann Krügener a director of ICA.

Cameras (Dr. Krügener brand)

magazine

  • Perkeo No. 140
  • Simplex Magazin Camera (1889)
  • Delta-camera detective camera (1893)
  • Magazin-Handkamera (1895)
  • Special-Alpha Magazin-Camera (1901)

folding

  • Cartridge-Camera (1901)
  • Delta (different models from 1898 to 1905)

stereo


Sources

  • Hummel, Richard. Spiegelreflexkameras aus Dresden - Geschichte, Technik, Fakten. Stuttgart: Lindemanns, 1998. ISBN 3895061271 (Cited by the de-Wikipedia article.)
  • Rudolf Krügener in the German Wikipedia

Links