Difference between revisions of "Rudolf Krügener"

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|image_text= Dr. Rudolf Krügener
 
|image_text= Dr. Rudolf Krügener
 
|image_by = Uwe Kulick
 
|image_by = Uwe Kulick
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|image_rights=  with permission
 
}}'''Rudolf Krügener''' (* 8 December 1847 in Elberfeld; † 22. September 1913 in Dresden) was a chemist who led a branch of [[Agfa]] in Frankfurt am Main. Since he was handicapped, wearing a self-made leg prosthesis, he developed for himself (with the help of a master mechanic named Krücke) the ''Dr. Krügenersche Taschenbuch Kamera'' (Dr. Krügeners's pocketbook camera), one of the smallest cameras of its time, with dimensions of 45×100×140mm. A novelty was the magazine for 24 plate exposures. It was an economic success. The next magazine camera was the Simplex, which had a smart plate exchange mechanism inside and an extra lens for the mirror finder. It can be seen as predecessor of the twin lens reflex cameras.
 
}}'''Rudolf Krügener''' (* 8 December 1847 in Elberfeld; † 22. September 1913 in Dresden) was a chemist who led a branch of [[Agfa]] in Frankfurt am Main. Since he was handicapped, wearing a self-made leg prosthesis, he developed for himself (with the help of a master mechanic named Krücke) the ''Dr. Krügenersche Taschenbuch Kamera'' (Dr. Krügeners's pocketbook camera), one of the smallest cameras of its time, with dimensions of 45×100×140mm. A novelty was the magazine for 24 plate exposures. It was an economic success. The next magazine camera was the Simplex, which had a smart plate exchange mechanism inside and an extra lens for the mirror finder. It can be seen as predecessor of the twin lens reflex cameras.
  
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|image_align= right
 
|image_align= right
 
|image_text= Dr. Krügener lenses on a stereo camera
 
|image_text= Dr. Krügener lenses on a stereo camera
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|image_by= Pete Beck
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|image_rights=nc
 
}}
 
}}
  
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*[[Perkeo No. 140]]
 
*[[Perkeo No. 140]]
 
*Simplex Magazin Camera (1889)
 
*Simplex Magazin Camera (1889)
*[[Delta Magazinkamera]] (1893)
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*[[Delta-camera]] detective camera (1893)
 
*Magazin-Handkamera (1895)
 
*Magazin-Handkamera (1895)
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*Special-Alpha Magazin-Camera (1901)
  
 
===folding===
 
===folding===
 +
*Cartridge-Camera (1901)
 
*Delta (different models from 1898 to 1905)
 
*Delta (different models from 1898 to 1905)
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{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/myimagehost/8158952856/in/pool-camerawiki
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|image= http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8340/8158952856_5f2bfcf1db_m.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text=
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|image_by= Peters Cameras
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|image_rights= wp
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}}
 
*[[Dr. Krügener Delta 8x10,5|Delta 8x10,5]]
 
*[[Dr. Krügener Delta 8x10,5|Delta 8x10,5]]
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*[[Dr. Krügener Delta 9x12|Delta 9x12]]
 
*Delta-Teddy (1899)
 
*Delta-Teddy (1899)
 
*[[Helvetia]]
 
*[[Helvetia]]
 
*Minimum-Delta (1908)
 
*Minimum-Delta (1908)
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*Teddy (1901)
 
*Trona
 
*Trona
 
====stereo====
 
====stereo====
 
* [[Plastoscop]]
 
* [[Plastoscop]]
  
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<br style="clear:both;"/>
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
*Hummel, Richard. ''Spiegelreflexkameras aus Dresden - Geschichte, Technik, Fakten.'' Stuttgart: Lindemanns, 1998. ISBN 3895061271 (Cited by the de-Wikipedia article.)<!-- though unfortunately the WAY it is used is not specified. -->
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*Hummel, Richard. ''Spiegelreflexkameras aus Dresden - Geschichte, Technik, Fakten.'' Stuttgart: Lindemanns, 1998. <nowiki>ISBN</nowiki> 3895061271 (Cited by the de-Wikipedia article.)<!-- though unfortunately the WAY it is used is not specified. -->
*[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Kr%C3%BCgener Rudolf Krügener] in German Wikipedia[http://de.wikipedia.org]
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*[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Kr%C3%BCgener Rudolf Krügener] in the [http://de.wikipedia.org German Wikipedia]
  
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
* [http://www.collection-appareils.fr/general/html/liste7_imagettes.php#Krugener Cameras] at www.collection-appareils.fr
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* Cameras at [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/ Early Photography]:
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** [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/entry_C121.html Krügener's Patent Book Camera] sold by [[Marion]] in England, c.1890.
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** [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/entry_C427.html Delta 9x12]cm folding plate camera, 1900s.
  
 
[[Category: German camera makers|Krügener, Rudolf]]
 
[[Category: German camera makers|Krügener, Rudolf]]
 
[[Category: German people|Krügener, Rudolf]]
 
[[Category: German people|Krügener, Rudolf]]
 
[[Category: Dr. Krügener|*]]
 
[[Category: Dr. Krügener|*]]

Latest revision as of 05:17, 27 September 2017

Rudolf Krügener (* 8 December 1847 in Elberfeld; † 22. September 1913 in Dresden) was a chemist who led a branch of Agfa in Frankfurt am Main. Since he was handicapped, wearing a self-made leg prosthesis, he developed for himself (with the help of a master mechanic named Krücke) the Dr. Krügenersche Taschenbuch Kamera (Dr. Krügeners's pocketbook camera), one of the smallest cameras of its time, with dimensions of 45×100×140mm. A novelty was the magazine for 24 plate exposures. It was an economic success. The next magazine camera was the Simplex, which had a smart plate exchange mechanism inside and an extra lens for the mirror finder. It can be seen as predecessor of the twin lens reflex cameras.

Krügener founded Dr. Rudolf Krügener, Photochemisches Laboratorium und Fabrik photographischer Apparate Frankfurt-Bockenheim, a company that produced lenses, photo chemicals and cameras. He expanded the company with a plant in Furtwangen. His company produced 100 camera models and kept up with technology. Dr. Krügener favoured the film plate format 9×12cm .

Around the time of the merger of the company with others to ICA, his sons became managers there: Walter Krügener as boss in Furtwangen, Dr. Hermann Krügener a director of ICA.

Cameras (Dr. Krügener brand)

magazine

  • Perkeo No. 140
  • Simplex Magazin Camera (1889)
  • Delta-camera detective camera (1893)
  • Magazin-Handkamera (1895)
  • Special-Alpha Magazin-Camera (1901)

folding

  • Cartridge-Camera (1901)
  • Delta (different models from 1898 to 1905)

stereo


Sources

  • Hummel, Richard. Spiegelreflexkameras aus Dresden - Geschichte, Technik, Fakten. Stuttgart: Lindemanns, 1998. ISBN 3895061271 (Cited by the de-Wikipedia article.)
  • Rudolf Krügener in the German Wikipedia

Links