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The Pupille is a rigid-bodied 3×4cm camera, made in the 1930s by Nagel and later Kodak AG. It makes 16 exposures on 127 film, has a big helical mount holding the lens and shutter assembly, and a folding optical finder.

The lens and shutter combinations include:

  • Leitz Elmar 5cm f/3.5 with Compur 300[1][2]
  • Schneider Xenon 4.5cm f/2 with Compur 300[3]
  • Schneider Xenar 5cm f/3.5 with Compur 300
  • Cooke Anastigmat 2 inch f/3.5 with Compur 300

The Pupille has two small holes on the top plate, used to attach an external rangefinder made by Leitz, similar to that of the Leica Standard. Accessory reflex finders were also made, transforming the camera into some sort of TLR. At least two types were available; one is the Megoflex by Hugo Meyer, also made for other cameras; the other is pictured below and was made by an unknown manufacturer, perhaps Nagel.

The Pupille was sold in England by R. F. Hunter as the Rolloroy.[4]

The Ranca is a less expensive version of the Pupille, with a front-cell focusing 5 cm f/4.5 Nagel Anastigmat and an everset shutter.[5]

German, French & Italian Cameras using 127 film
3×4 rigid Bella | Dreivier | Futuro | Gewirette
Kolibri | Parvola | Pupille | Ranca | Reporter | Ising Puck
folding Baby Ikonta | Baldi | Dolly | Goldi | Gucki
Ingo | Korelle | Makinette | Vollenda
4x4 Navax | Paxina Electromatic | Rothlar
4x6.5 Billy | Bob | Dolly | Goldi
Korelle | Panta | Piccolette | Rio
TLR see German TLRs
3×4 rigid Fotobaby | Lynx | Super-Boy
folding Derby-Lux | Elax
pseudo TLR Auteuil | Longchamp
4×4 rigid Impera | Marly | Pari-Fex | Rubi-Fex | Top
4×6.5 rigid Photo-Magic
3x4 Comet | Comet III | Cometa | Euralux
Ibis | Maxima | Piccolo | Tanit
4x4 Comet | Euralux | Ibis
4x6.5 & other Alfa | Delta | Relex | Rolet | Rondine


  1. Two examples of the Nagel-branded Pupille with 5 cm f/3.5 Elmar lens sold at the tenth Westlicht Photographica auction, in November 2006: with focus scale in metres, and with both focus scale and accessory rangefinder scaled in feet, with leather case and filters.
  2. Kodak-branded Pupille with 5 cm f/3.5 Elmar (scaled in feet), sold at the nineteenth Westlicht auction, in May 2011; several pictures.
  3. Pupille with Xenon lens sold at LP Foto auction 35 on 28 March 2010 in Stockholm.
  4. Rolloroy with 4.5 cm f/2 Xenon lens (scaled in feet), also sold at the May 2011 Westlicht auction.
  5. Auction lot of three Ranca cameras sold at the November 2006 Westlicht auction.