Revision as of 16:13, 21 September 2006 by Rebollo fr (talk | contribs) (link fix)
Jump to: navigation, search

Nikon is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its full name is Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン, Kabushiki Kaisha Nikon) since 1988. It was founded in 1917 as Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō K.K. (written 日本光學工業株式會社 before WWII and 日本光学工業株式会社 after) with the merger of two Japanese optical firms with military connections. Over the next 60 years Nikon became renowed for the quality of its Nikkor optics and photographic equipment. During World War II the company expanded significantly, supplying optical equipment to the Japanese military. After the war, the company began producing replacement lenses for the popular German rangefinder cameras of the day, and the quality of Nikkor lenses attracted the attention of many professional photographers and photojournalists desiring better results from the small 35mm format. Nikon eventually developed its own, very successful 35mm rangefinder camera.

In 1959, Nikon introduced the Nikon F, an advanced mechanical single lens reflex (SLR) camera that proved to be extraordinarily durable and reliable. With the F, Nikon introduced its philosophy of high-quality, low-friction, close-tolerance mechanisms requiring less lubricant than other cameras. This workmanship had a practical side, as Nikons have accompanied more photographers to extreme environments — from the summit of Mount Everest to the depths of the Saharan Desert — than any other SLR camera. The F became an overnight sucesss with many professional and serious amateur photographers, and spawned a succession of popular Nikon 35mm film cameras, culminating with the Nikon F6.

In the late 1990s, Nikon introduced digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as DSLR cameras such as the Nikon D-series.




Fixed Lens

35mm film

Auto Focus SLR

  • Nikon F100
  • Nikon F3AF
  • Nikon F4
  • Nikon F5
  • Nikon F6
  • Nikon N2020 (F501)
  • Nikon N4004 (F401)
  • Nikon N4004S (F401S)
  • Nikon N50 (F50)
  • Nikon N5005 (F401X)
  • Nikon N55 (F55)
  • Nikon N6006 (F601)
  • Nikon N60 (F60)
  • Nikon N65 (F65)
  • Nikon N70 (F70)
  • Nikon N75 (F75)
  • Nikon N80 (F80)
  • Nikon N8008 (F801)
  • Nikon N8008S (F801S)
  • Nikon N90 (F90)
  • Nikon N90S (F90X)

Manual Focus SLR


Leaf shutter SLR


Fixed Lens

  • Nikon 28Ti
  • Nikon 35Ti


  • Nikonos
  • Nikonos II
  • Nikonos III
  • Nikonos IV-A
  • Nikonos V
  • Nikonos RS

APS film


  • Nikon Pronea S
  • Nikon Pronea 600i (Pronea 6i)




In English:

In French: