Lubitel means "amateur" in Russian. It was made in great numbers by the Leningrad GOMZ or Lomo factory. Some sources claim that between 1957 and 1979 over two million were produced. There are versions with a cyrillic name plate or with one in latin script as the one shown. It has some Russian "relatives" such as the Komsomolets and the Lubitel 166B It shows great similarity with the Voigtländer Brillant, a line of cameras that started before the war. It is however not a direct copy; The accessory door opens by turning and the viewing lens focuses. Later Voigtländer Brillants also focused, but by then they used wider aperture lenses. The camera body is made from a plastic, possibly bakelite. The waist level finder and focusing rings are made of metal. These cameras were delivered with a case and strap made of artificial leather. There is a stepless aperture scale under the taking lens with apertures from 4.5 to 22. Winding the film is done by a black knob on the right side of the camera. This does not cock the shutter.
The Lubitel has a T-22 75/4.5 taking lens. This is actually a little wider than the normal 80mm medium format standard lens. The shutter is cocked with the red-dotted lever. Aperture and shutter button are all positioned around this taking lens.
The Lubitel-2 has no framecounter. When you turn the know in the direction of the little white arrow, frame numbers on the back of the 120 film become visible through the little red window.