|Kodak Tourist II with Anaston f/4.5 lens in Flash Kodamatic shutter|
image by Jack Hufnagel (Image rights)
The Kodak Tourists were the last in a long line of American made folding roll film cameras from Eastman Kodak. The Tourist II, introduced in May of 1951, features a redesigned top cover and a new viewfinder, which contains frame lines for the optional 828 roll film adapter. Production was discontinued in July of 1958.
The Tourists use 620 film making 8 2¼×3¼ exposures. The use of 828 roll film for 8 28×40mm exposures was an option. The Tourist's most unusual feature is its back; through the use of cleverly engineered latches, it can be opened on the left side, right side, or removed completely.
Removing the back allows the use of the multi-format Kodak Tourist Adapter Kit, which consists of: a camera back with red windows for 4 different formats; 2¼×2¼ inch, 2¼×1⅝ inch and 28×40mm masks; 828 roll film supply and take up spool adapters; and viewfinder masks for each of the three additional formats.
The Tourists are well made and feature a die cast aluminum body, covered in black Kodadur, a synthetic leather of remarkable durability. All models feature a tripod socket, a lens door mounted shutter release, and eye-level viewfinders. All Tourists feature flash synchronization via the ASA bayonet socket. The Anaston and Anastar lens models feature front-element focusing and top mounted accessory shoes; the fixed-focus Kodet lens models lack these features and had smaller viewfinders. Lacking accessory shoes, the Kodet model must take a flash-gun mounted on a special bracket that attaches to the tripod socket. All Tourists had sockets for cable release on the shutter body.
Frame spacing and shutter cocking are completely manual on all models. The Kodet model, at least, has a continuously variable diaphragm capable of any value between the maximum and minimum; in the case of the Kodet, F/12.5-F/32.
The camera back on the Anaston and Anastar lens models features a rectangular exposure calculator that is biased towards over-exposure – it approximates a “sunny 8” rule, and may thus lead to photos that are moderately to severely overexposed, depending on the film's exposure latitude. The exposure calculator on the Kodak Tourist Adapter Kit back is circular in format (and accommodates more film types).
A variety of lens/shutter combinations were available on the Tourists; at the low end, the camera is little more than a folding equivalent of a box camera, though with a larger frame size than many box cameras; at the upper end, the camera is capable of producing professional level results.
The Tourists show a curious similarity to two European Kodak models introduced somewhat later. The British Kodak Sterling II and Juniors (Tourist) and the French Kodak Modèle B 11 (Tourist II) utilize strikingly similar folding struts and top plate/viewfinder assemblies, though the folding bed on these cameras are hinged on the left whereas the Tourist follows the American convention and is hinged on the right.
According to Kodak the Tourist was introduced at a price of $95 USD (app. $870 USD in 2007). At this price, the model was probably the top-of-the-line Anastar version.
Lenses and Shutters
Single element meniscus lens:
- Kodet 86mm f/12.5 lens in Flash Kodon shutter app. 1/50 sec plus bulb and time
Three element Cooke triplet type lenses:
- Kodak Anaston 101mm f/8,8 in Flash Diomatic shutter 1/25 – 1/150 sec plus bulb and time (not available on Tourist II)
- Kodak Anaston 100mm or 105mm f/6.3 in Flash Diomatic shutter 1/25 – 1/150 sec plus bulb and time
- Kodak Anaston 105mm f/6.3 in Flash Diomatic shutter 1/25 – 1/100 sec plus bulb and time
- Kodak Anaston 105mm f/6.3 in Flash 200 shutter 1/25 – 1/200 sec plus bulb
- Kodak Anaston 105mm f/4.5 in Flash Kodamatic shutter 1/10 - 1/200 sec plus bulb and time
- Kodak Anaston 105mm f/4.5 in Synchro 400 shutter 1/5 - 1/400 sec plus bulb
Four element Tessar type lens:
- Kodak Anastar 101mm f/4.5 in Synchro-Rapid shutter 1 – 1/800 sec plus bulb
|images by Just Plain Curt (Image rights)|
- History of Kodak Cameras at www.kodak.com
- PDF Manual - Tourist with Anastar lens on Mike Butkus' site
- PDF Manual - Tourist II with Kodet lens on Mike Butkus' site
- History of Kodak Cameras at Kodak's website (archived)
- Tourist, Tourist, Tourist II on www.collection-appareils.fr by Sylvain Halgand (in French)
- Brian Coe, Kodak Cameras - The First Hundred Years, Hove Foto Books, 1988
- Original Kodak user manuals for the Tourist and Tourist II