Difference between revisions of "Ensign Commando"

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* [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/Commando.html Ensign Commando] (1949 version) at [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/IndexRoom.html The Living Image].
* [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/Commando.html Commando] (1949 version) at [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/IndexRoom.html The Living Image].
* [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Commando]] at Adrian richmond's [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Ensign Cameras - a History]

Revision as of 10:38, 17 May 2012

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The Ensign Commando is a folding coupled-rangefinder camera made by Houghton-Butcher and its successor companies for a few years just after the Second World War.[1] It makes 2¼x2¼ inch (6x6 cm) pictures on 120 roll film; all but the first version of the camera can also make 1⅝x2¼ inch (4.5x6 cm) pictures, with a mask for the smaller format in the viewfinder.[2] It was made for the British armed forces during the War, and sold commercially from 1945.

The camera unusual in that it is focused by movement of the film plane, not of the lens, like the Mamiya Six. The focus control is a knob on the left hand end of the top housing.

The lens is a Houghton-Butcher Anastigmat in the earliest cameras, and an Ensar Anastigmat in later ones. Most lenses are 75 mm f/3.5; some early cameras have an f/4.5 lens.[2] All but the last version of the camera have an Epsilon shutter with speeds 1 - 1/200 second, plus 'B'; the last version, from 1949, has a top speed of 1/300 second. The shutter release is on the top housing, and there is a double-exposure prevention interlock between it and the film advance. The shutter is cocked manually.

The camera has red windows for film advance; all but the earliest version have optional automatic frame spacing for the square format (so the red window does not have to be used), at the expense that only 11 frames are obtained.[2]


  1. McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). p397.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Notes on the Ensign Commando] at Early Photography.