Difference between revisions of "Ensign Commando"

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The '''Ensign Commando''' is a folding coupled-rangefinder camera made by [[Houghton and Ensign|Houghton-Butcher]] and its successor companies for a few years just after the Second World War.<ref name=McK>{{McKeown12}} p397.</ref>
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{{LeftTOC}}
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{{br}}
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==History==
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The '''Ensign Commando''' was first issued to the armed forces by the end of WW2.
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With the war over, the Commando was then made available to the general public<ref>However, it was in short supply, and customers had to wait 6 to 9 months to get one once ordered. See the third comment, by [http://www.flickr.com/photos/rick_mason/ Rick Manson], at [http://www.flickr.com/photos/32113303@N07/3558377273/in/pool-ensign-photography/ this photo].</ref>
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==Description==
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The '''Commando''' makes 2¼x2¼ inch (6x6 cm) pictures on 120 roll film; all but the first version of the camera can also make 1⅝x2¼ inch (4.5x6 cm) pictures, with a mask for the smaller format in the viewfinder.<ref name=EP>Notes on the [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/entry_C680.html Ensign Commando] at [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/index.html Early Photography].</ref>
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The camera is unusual in that it is focused by movement of the film plane, not of the lens, like the [[Mamiya Six]]. The focus control is a knob on the left hand end of the top housing, opposite to the advance wheel.
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The lens is a Houghton-Butcher Anastigmat in the earliest cameras, and an Ensar Anastigmat in later ones. Most lenses are 75 mm f/3.5; some early cameras have an f/4.5 lens.<ref name=EP></ref> All but the last version of the camera have an [[Epsilon]] shutter with speeds 1 - 1/200 second, plus 'B'; the last version, from 1949, has a top speed of 1/300 second.
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The shutter release is on the top housing, and there is a double-exposure prevention interlock between it and the film advance. The shutter is cocked manually.
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The camera has [[red window]]s for film advance; all but the earliest version have optional automatic frame spacing for the square format (so the red window does not have to be used), at the expense that only 11 frames are obtained.<ref name=EP></ref>
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==Models==
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The following differentiation was never made during the production years: this has been defined in modern days aimed to help both users and collectors.
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===1945 Military Edition===
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As said, initially the Commando was made for military purposes<ref>The military version was unmarked, e.g. the lens is "H.B.M.Co. Anastigmat". Example pictured at [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Adrian Richmond's pages]</ref>, although probably it was released a bit too late and did not see much use on the front.
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This version is 6x6-only so it has only one red window at the back door. The front of the top cover is chromed.
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{{br}}
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===1946 Civilian Edition===
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{{Flickr_image
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/simonhw/4391545205/in/pool-camerawiki/
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|image= http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4059/4391545205_c6d0f3e5b4_n.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= Ensign Commando 1946
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|image_by= Simon Harvey Williams
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|image_rights=  with permission
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}}
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The version of the '''Commando''' sold to the general public had few differences with the military variation. It was made available right after the end of WWII, in early 1946, and now had clear ''[[Ensign]]'' and ''[[Epsilon]]'' markings.
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This edition added the dual-format capability by means of hinged masks - a clever feature, unlike other cameras the mask is always present - so there are two [[Red_window|red windows for film advance]] on the back. There is also a sliding mask at the front of the viewfinder to accommodate the smaller 6x4.5 format. The front of the top cover is now black: it has a rectangular-shaped leatherette covering.
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{{br}}
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===1948 Civilian Edition===
 
{{Flickr_image
 
{{Flickr_image
 
|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/thorpehamlet/7118071705/in/pool-camerawiki
 
|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/thorpehamlet/7118071705/in/pool-camerawiki
|image= http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7109/7118071705_fa42c1461b_z.jpg
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|image= http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7109/7118071705_fa42c1461b_n.jpg
|image_align=  
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|image_align= right
 
|image_text= Ensign Commando, 1948 version
 
|image_text= Ensign Commando, 1948 version
 
|image_by= John-Henry Collinson
 
|image_by= John-Henry Collinson
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
}}
 
}}
</div>
 
The '''Ensign Commando''' is a folding coupled-rangefinder camera made by [[Houghton and Ensign|Houghton-Butcher]] and its successor companies for a few years just after the Second World War.<ref name=McK>{{McKeown12}} p397.</ref> It makes 2¼x2¼ inch (6x6 cm) pictures on 120 roll film; all but the first version of the camera can also make 1⅝x2¼ inch (4.5x6 cm) pictures, with a mask for the smaller format in the viewfinder.<ref name=EP>Notes on the [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/site/entry_C680.html Ensign Commando]] at [http://www.earlyphotography.co.uk/index.html Early Photography].</ref> It was made for the British armed forces during the War, and sold commercially from 1945.
 
  
The camera unusual in that it is focused by movement of the film plane, not of the lens, like the [[Mamiya Six]]. The focus control is a knob on the left hand end of the top housing.
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The second variation of the '''Commando''' was introduced in 1948 and simply added a re-design of the film loading system by replacing the knob with a flat disc.
  
The lens is a Houghton-Butcher Anastigmat in the earliest cameras, and an Ensar Anastigmat in later ones. Most lenses are 75 mm f/3.5; some early cameras have an f/4.5 lens.<ref name=EP></ref> All but the last version of the camera have an Epsilon shutter with speeds 1 - 1/200 second, plus 'B'; the last version, from 1949, has a top speed of 1/300 second. The shutter release is on the top housing, and there is a double-exposure prevention interlock between it and the film advance. The shutter is cocked manually.
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{{br}}
  
The camera has [[red window]]s for film advance; all but the earliest version have optional automatic frame spacing for the square format (so the red window does not have to be used), at the expense that only 11 frames are obtained.<ref name=EP></ref>
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===1949 Civilian Edition===
 +
{{Flickr_image
 +
|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/41084288@N07/38841070350/in/pool-camerawiki/
 +
|image= http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4707/38841070350_780188e093_n.jpg
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|image_align= right
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|image_text= Ensign Commando 1949
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|image_by= Rob Barnard
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|image_rights=  with permission
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}}
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This variation was made in 1949-1950, until the model was discontinued and replaced by the [[Ensign_Selfix_12-20|Ensign Selfix 12-20]] series.
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The main difference between this variation and the previous one is that from now on it has the newest [[Epsilon]] shutter, with speeds 1 - 1/300 second, plus 'B'.<ref>[http://www.auction2000.se/auk/w.Object?inC=WLPA&inA=20131004_0909&inO=608 1949 Commando] serial no. C6860, with 75 mm f/3.5 Ensar and Epsilon shutter to 1/300 second, sold at the [http://www.auction2000.se/auk/w.AuctionList?inL=&inC=WLPA&inA=20131004_0909&inWLPAAuctionType=AUCTION 24th Westlicht Photographica Auction], on 23 November 2013.</ref>
  
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{{br}}
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
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==Links==
 
==Links==
* [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/Commando.html Commando] (1949 version) at [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/IndexRoom.html The Living Image].
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* [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Commando]] at Adrian richmond's [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Ensign Cameras - a History]
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In English:
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* [http://www.licm.org.uk/livingImage/Ensign_Commando.html Commando] (1949 version) at [http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/IndexRoom.html The Living Image].
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* [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Commando] at Adrian richmond's [http://www.ensign.demon.co.uk/commando.htm Ensign Cameras - a History]
  
  
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[[Category: Ensign]]
 
[[Category: Ensign]]
 
[[Category: 1945]]
 
[[Category: 1945]]
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[[Category: UK]]

Latest revision as of 05:14, 30 August 2018

The Ensign Commando is a folding coupled-rangefinder camera made by Houghton-Butcher and its successor companies for a few years just after the Second World War.[1]




History

The Ensign Commando was first issued to the armed forces by the end of WW2.

With the war over, the Commando was then made available to the general public[2]

Description

The Commando makes 2¼x2¼ inch (6x6 cm) pictures on 120 roll film; all but the first version of the camera can also make 1⅝x2¼ inch (4.5x6 cm) pictures, with a mask for the smaller format in the viewfinder.[3]

The camera is unusual in that it is focused by movement of the film plane, not of the lens, like the Mamiya Six. The focus control is a knob on the left hand end of the top housing, opposite to the advance wheel.

The lens is a Houghton-Butcher Anastigmat in the earliest cameras, and an Ensar Anastigmat in later ones. Most lenses are 75 mm f/3.5; some early cameras have an f/4.5 lens.[3] All but the last version of the camera have an Epsilon shutter with speeds 1 - 1/200 second, plus 'B'; the last version, from 1949, has a top speed of 1/300 second.

The shutter release is on the top housing, and there is a double-exposure prevention interlock between it and the film advance. The shutter is cocked manually.

The camera has red windows for film advance; all but the earliest version have optional automatic frame spacing for the square format (so the red window does not have to be used), at the expense that only 11 frames are obtained.[3]

Models

The following differentiation was never made during the production years: this has been defined in modern days aimed to help both users and collectors.


1945 Military Edition

As said, initially the Commando was made for military purposes[4], although probably it was released a bit too late and did not see much use on the front.

This version is 6x6-only so it has only one red window at the back door. The front of the top cover is chromed.


1946 Civilian Edition

The version of the Commando sold to the general public had few differences with the military variation. It was made available right after the end of WWII, in early 1946, and now had clear Ensign and Epsilon markings.

This edition added the dual-format capability by means of hinged masks - a clever feature, unlike other cameras the mask is always present - so there are two red windows for film advance on the back. There is also a sliding mask at the front of the viewfinder to accommodate the smaller 6x4.5 format. The front of the top cover is now black: it has a rectangular-shaped leatherette covering.


1948 Civilian Edition

The second variation of the Commando was introduced in 1948 and simply added a re-design of the film loading system by replacing the knob with a flat disc.


1949 Civilian Edition

This variation was made in 1949-1950, until the model was discontinued and replaced by the Ensign Selfix 12-20 series.

The main difference between this variation and the previous one is that from now on it has the newest Epsilon shutter, with speeds 1 - 1/300 second, plus 'B'.[5]


Notes

  1. McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). p397.
  2. However, it was in short supply, and customers had to wait 6 to 9 months to get one once ordered. See the third comment, by Rick Manson, at this photo.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Notes on the Ensign Commando at Early Photography.
  4. The military version was unmarked, e.g. the lens is "H.B.M.Co. Anastigmat". Example pictured at Adrian Richmond's pages
  5. 1949 Commando serial no. C6860, with 75 mm f/3.5 Ensar and Epsilon shutter to 1/300 second, sold at the 24th Westlicht Photographica Auction, on 23 November 2013.


Links

In English: